Tsuntsayen Tsutsa Na Gwari: Yadda Ake Kashe Su Da Sauri

Kewayawa da sauri

Ofaya daga cikin kwari mafi banƙyama a cikin lambunan cikin gida da yawa shine ƙwarjin naman gwari mai ban tsoro da ƙuruciyarsa, larvae na naman gwari. Waɗannan ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta na iya lalata tsire-tsire ku gaba ɗaya idan baku kasance masu sa ido ba - kuma za su iya yin hakan da sauri.



Hanya ta farko da ƙwaroron naman gwari ke shafar shuke-shukenku ita ce ta tsutsotsi. Suna sanya ƙwai a cikin matsakaicin girman ku. Da zarar sun kyankyashe, tsutsar tsutsar za ta makale a tushen tsirranku kuma za su yashe abin gina jiki.



Kodayake larvae sune manyan yan wasan kwaikwayo marasa kyau, gwairan naman gwari manya na iya ɗaukar cuta, musamman cututtukan fungal.Wadannan na iya zama kisa da kansu, amma ba haka bane. Hakanan suna yin ɗaruruwan ƙwai da sauri, waɗanda zasu cinye tushen tsirrai!

Yana da matukar mahimmanci ku dakatar da waɗannan kwari kafin su iya riƙewa, ko a cikin gida ko a waje. Abu na karshe da kuke buƙata shine don tsire-tsire ku faɗawa cikin mummunan ƙaddara.



Zan taimake ka ka shawo kan cutar naman gwari maka, duk da haka. Bari muyi bayani dalla-dalla game da naman gwari da kwarkwatarsu, kuma mu koyi yadda ake lalata su kafin su iya cin nasara!

Kayayyakin Halitta Don Kawar da Maganin Gwari da Tsutsa:

misali-teburin hotoHydrogen peroxide
  • Za a iya amfani da shi azaman ƙarancin ƙasa
  • Proxide bayani yana kashe naman gwari sauro na saduwa akan lamba
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoDauki Mai
  • Ingantaccen ƙoshin ƙasa don yaƙar larvae naman gwari
  • Fesawa zai iya hana kwarkwata girma
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoAzaMax
  • Amintacce a cikin amfani da hydroponics
  • Har ila yau don wuraren shan iska, lambuna, da cikin gida
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoLambun Gidan Tsaro mai Aljanna & Mai kashe Kwari
  • Fesa Pyrethrin
  • Yana da tasiri a kan kwarkwata da ƙwayoyin cuta
Duba kan Amazon →

Kayayyakin Muhalli Don Shafan Fure Gurgin Tsutsar Farji:

misali-teburin hotoMicrobe-Bar BMC Takin
  • Ya kunshi kwayoyin cuta wadanda za su lalata larvae na gwari
  • An yi amfani dashi lokacin yin takin
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoRabin Sauro
  • Ya kunshi kwayoyin cuta wadanda za su lalata larvae na gwari
  • Ana amfani dashi ta yayyafawa akan farfajiyar kuma shayar dasu a ciki
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoBabu-Globe Tukunyar Turawa
  • Ya ƙunshi nematodes masu amfani waɗanda ke fitar da ƙwayoyin naman gwari tare da sauran kwari masu zama a ƙasa
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoDr. Pye's Scanmask Amfanin Nematodes
  • Ya ƙunshi nematodes masu amfani
  • Don manyan lambuna ko cikakken yadi
Duba kan Amazon →



Samfurai Domin Rigakafin Sauro

misali-teburin hoto21C Butterfly-dimbin yawa Yellow Sticky Stakes
  • Janyo hankalin da tarkon naman gwari, kudaje fruita fruitan itace, da farin kuda
  • Tana sarrafa ƙyamar cuta kuma ta katse zagayen kiwo
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoTraPro Yellow Sticky Tarkuna
  • Tsara don yawo tsire-tsire
  • An yi shi da kayan da ba mai guba ba
Duba kan Amazon →
misali-teburin hotoGrowstone GnatNix Naman gwari Gudanarwar Sauro Mulch
  • Manya manyan tufafi suna haifar da katanga ta zahiri akan ƙwayar sauro
  • Rashin cizon sauro mai guba mai guba
Duba kan Amazon →

Naman Gwari Naman Gwari

Sauro naman gwari
Sunaye (s) na kowa Maganin gwari
Sunan Kimiyya Yawa, amma masu haɗari ga tsirrai sune Sciaridae dangin spp.
Iyali Sciaridae
Asali A Duniya
Tsire-tsire Ya Shafi Na cikin gida / gandun daji / shuke-shuke, wasu tsire-tsire na waje. Musamman mai saukin kamuwa sune shuke-shuke kamar su carnations, violets na Afirka, geraniums, da poinsettias, amma suna iya bugun kowane tsire mai rauni a cikin yanayin da ya dace.
Magungunan gama gari Ruwan ƙasa na hydrogen peroxide, man neem, sauran azadirachtins, pyrethrins, nematodes masu amfani, Bacillus thurigiensis var. israelensis, sandunansu masu tsauri / tarko mai kamala, da ciyawa

Nau'o'in Naman Gwari Naman Gwari

Akwai iyalai daban-daban guda shida na kwari wadanda suka hada da mafi girman nau'ikan naman gwari. Wadannan iyalai shida sun hada da Sciaridae, Mycetophilidae, Ditomyiidae, Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, da Keroplatidae.

Yawancin nau'ikan cututtukan naman gwari ba su da lahani ga lambunanmu, amma masu haɗari suna cikin dangin Sciaridae.



Duk da yake manya ba sa haifar da wata illa ta har abada, ƙwayoyin ƙwaro na naman gwari na wannan dangin za su ci gaba da dasa tushen da zarar abincinsu da suka fi so ya tafi. Tsutsa za su tauna ramuka a cikin tushen kuma suna iya haifar da rawaya, ruɓewa, har ma da dasa mutuwa da adadi mai yawa.

Ba wai kawai suna lalata tushensu ba, amma Sciaridae na iya yada cuta. Tunda abincin da suka fi so shine haɓakar fungal, a sauƙaƙe za su iya karɓar spores daga tsire-tsire masu cuta ko ƙasa kuma su yada wuraren ganye, scabs, cankers, rot, da ƙari.

Manyan samarin gandun daji galibi suna rikicewa da sauro yayin da suke kama da kamanni, amma sun fi ƙanana girma. Waɗannan ƙananan ƙwayoyin baƙin ba su da girma fiye da takwas na inci tsayi.

Su kansu larvae din suna girma dan girma fiye da kwarkwata. Ananan tsuntsayen naman gwari suna da baƙar fata, mai walƙiya tare da fari don tsabtace jiki wanda zai iya kaiwa kusan kusan rubu'in inci tsayi. Suna da wahalar ganowa saboda sun saba zama a karkashin kasan, ba a gani.

Tsarin Rayuwa Na naman gwari Naman gwari

Naman gwari naman gwari da ƙwai

Tsarin rayuwa na sauro na naman gwari yana da matakai huɗu: kwai, larvae, pupae, da kuma manya.

Sauro naman gwari mai girma zai iya yin ƙwai kusan ɗari uku a cikin gajeren rayuwar. Galibi suna rayuwa ne kusan sati ɗaya a matsayin manya, don haka suna yin mafi yawan lokacinsu! Ana sanya ƙwai a cikin ƙasa mai dausayi, ƙasa mai ƙanshi a gindin tsire-tsire.

Kimanin kwana huɗu zuwa shida bayan kwanciya, ƙwarin ya fito. Wadannan larvae zasu kasance kanana sosai a farko. A lokacin tsaka-tsakin makonni biyu wanda kwayar cutar naman gwari ke girma, suna ƙaruwa cikin sauri ta hanyar cin abincin su ta hanyar kwayoyin cikin ƙasa.

Da zarar sun sami babban ciwan larva, za a sami lokacin kwana 3-4 na ɗaliban yara. Paeyauren za su ɓoye a ƙarƙashin fuskar ƙasa, kuma idan babban ya fito, wannan sake zagayowar ya sake farawa.

Saboda wannan saurin rayuwa, yawancin ƙarni na naman gwari za a iya haife su cikin sauri. Kari akan haka, matakai da yawa na tsarin rayuwa na iya kasancewa a kowane lokaci. Ba wai kawai kuna buƙatar kawar da ƙyamar nishaɗi da kansu ba, amma kuna buƙatar ma'amala da tsutsa da nemo hanyar yin ƙwayayen ƙwai.

Gidaje Na Kowa Don Tsutsar Gandun Gizon Naman Gwari

Asa mai dausayi, musamman ƙasa wacce take da ɗan ɗumi-ɗumi, cikakke ne ga ci gaban naman gwari naman gwari. Shuka gauraye waɗanda ke ɗauke da nauyin gishirin peat ko coir na kwakwa zai ƙarfafa su su shiga ciki su zauna.

Guji ambaliyar ruwa, musamman lokacin sanyi mai sanyi da watannin bazara. Yawan danshi zai hanzarta ci gaban su saboda yana iya haifar da tushen fara lalacewa, yin cikakken tushen abinci.

Greenhouses suna zama cikin dumi a cikin watanni na hunturu fiye da lambun waje, wanda ya sanya su zama wuri mafi kyau ga kwarkwata masu narkar da naman gwari. Yana da haɗari musamman saboda yawanci suna da ƙasashe masu wadata waɗanda suke shayarwa akai-akai, suna yin filayen naman gwari na filayen firamare.

wasan kursiyin salon gashi

Bugu da kari, mutanen da suke da shukokin gida na iya samun naman gwari masu gwari masu kokarin mamaye gidajensu a lokacin hunturu. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, wannan wani abu ne da kuke son dakatarwa da wuri-wuri!

Me Naman Gwari Naman Gwari Ya Ci?

Sauro naman gwari akan bishiyar fure

Duk da yake mafi yawan ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin naman gwari sun fi son lalacewar ƙwayoyin halitta da haɓakar fungal, duk wani rauni ko ruɓewa a cikin tushen shuke-shuke na iya sa su zama masu niyya. Hakanan, idan akwai karancin kayan abu a cikin ƙasa, ƙwayoyin sauro za su ci abinci a kan tsirran ku maimakon.

Musamman a cikin haɗari ga naman gwari larvae ne Violets na Afirka , geraniums, poinsettias, da carnations . Waɗannan tsire-tsire huɗu ba kawai za su iya haɓaka tushen ruɓewa da sauri ba, amma sun kasance suna rayuwa cikin kusan irin yanayin ƙasa don ƙwayoyin sauro su mallake ta.

Koyaya, kusan kowane tsiro mai rauni zai iya fadawa ga larvae naman gwari. Kiyaye tsire-tsire ku da ƙarfi da ƙoshin lafiya da rashin lalacewa zai taimaka kare su daga wannan kwaro.

Lokacin da Naman gwari Ya Cika

Duhun fuka-fuka masu farin ciki

Kusan kuna iya samun matsalolin naman gwari a lokacin faduwar. Yayinda yanayin yayi sanyi, sai su nemi yanayin dumi, kuma gidan ku ko kuma greenhouse sune wuraren zama na farko. Da zarar sun isa ƙasarka kuma sun fara yin ƙwai, zasu iya lalata ko lalata tsire-tsire naka da sauri.

Idan kuna da matsalolin tsire-tsire kuma kuna tsammanin aikin na naman gwari ne, ku kasance a kan ido don ganye rawaya wanda in ba haka ba ya bayyana na al'ada, ko kuma saurin ci gaba. Dukansu alamu ne na larvae naman gwari a cikin ƙasa.

Idan ka hango ɗayan waɗannan alamun, ko kuma ganin ƙudaje masu girma suna kuzari a kusa da lambun ka, kana buƙatar amsawa kai tsaye.

Kula da dukkan tsirran ku, ba kawai waɗanda suka fi kusa da ƙudaje ba! Yana da matukar wuya a san idan tsutsa suna kan tsire-tsire waɗanda suke da kyau, saboda haka ya kamata ku rufe tushenku kuma ku bi da komai. Zai fi kyau zama lafiya fiye da baƙin ciki.

Shuke-shuke da ke murmurewa daga matsalolin ƙwaro na naman gwari har yanzu suna fuskantar haɗarin matsalolin cuta. Naman gwari na naman gwari na iya yada naman gwari wadanda gyambo masu girma suka saukad da tushen shukanka, mai yiwuwa haifar da wasu cututtukan tsire-tsire na yau da kullun.

A matsayin riga-kafi, yi wa kowane tsire-tsire da abin ya shafa da waɗanda suke yankin amfani da kayan gwari kwana ɗaya ko biyu bayan maganin kwari. Wannan yana tabbatar da cewa idan tsire-tsirenku sun sami alaƙa da ƙwayoyin cuta masu haɗari, to bai kamata su kamu da cutar ba.

Tushen rami yana da tasiri fiye da fesa ganyen shukar, saboda a nan ne za a yi ɓarna.

Yadda Ake Cin Gindi Daga Tsutsar Farjin Fure

Sauro naman gwari a kan ganye

Idan kun yi amfani da hanyoyin rigakafin da ke ƙasa, ba za ku taɓa ganin gwairan naman gwari ko tsutsa ba. Amma idan kunyi, ga yadda za'a share su!

Kwayar cutar Naman gwari na Gandun Daji

Abin sha'awa shine, kayan gida na yau da kullun shine ɗayan manyan shawarwarin da nake dashi don sarrafa waɗannan kwari. Hydrogen peroxide (nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan 3% na yau da kullun) ana iya amfani dasu azaman ƙarancin ƙasa.

Haɗa peroxide ɗaya tare da ruwa sassa huɗu, kuma zuba shi ta cikin ƙasa a asalin yankin har sai ya fara fitowa daga gindin tukunyar. A peroxide yana kashe larvae naman gwari a kan lamba.

Dauki mai Har ila yau, yana da tasirin ƙasa mai tasiri don magance larvae naman gwari. Tsarma mai tare da ruwa ta kwatancen masana'antun kuma kai tsaye danshi ƙasa a tushen shukar. Hakanan zaka iya fesa ɓangaren shukar na sama don kiyaye kwarkwata a bakin ruwa.

AzaMax shine ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin azadirachtin wanda yakan auku a cikin man neem. Yana da lafiya a amfani da hydroponics da cikin greenhouses, lambuna, da cikin gida. Yi amfani da shi ta kwatancen masu sana'a kamar yadda zaku yi amfani da man neem.

Feshin Pyrethrin Har ila yau, suna da tasiri a kan ƙwaroron naman gwari da larvae ɗin su. ina bada shawara Lambun Gidan Tsaro mai Aljanna & Mai kashe Kwari .

Don amfani da pyrethrins, ɗauke da haske duk tsire-tsire da saman ƙasa. Ba kwa son tsire-tsire suna danshi, rigar siriri zata isa.

Idan akwai tsutsa na naman gwari a cikin ƙasa, fesar da ƙasa kai tsaye don yayyafa saman sosai, sa'annan ku guji shayarwa har sai ƙasar ta bushe zuwa aƙalla zurfin 2 ″.

Gudanar da Naman Gwari na Muhalli

Wani nau'in kwayar cuta na musamman zai lalata larvae naman gwari. Bacillus thurigiensis var. israelensis. Ba a cikin mafi yawan feshi na BT ba, amma ana samun sa azaman ɓangaren samfurin da ake kira Microbe-Bar BMC Takin .

Yi amfani da wannan don yin takin ciki tare da shi, kuma ya kamata ku ga raguwar matsalolin naman gwari naku.

Wata hanyar samun wannan kwayar a cikin kasar ku ita ce ta yayyafa Rabin Sauro Kuna iya amfani da waɗannan duka a cikin gida da waje. Ba don su kawai ba kashe sauro !

Yayinda suka lalace, suna sakin Bacillus thurigiensis var. israelensis a cikin ƙasarku, inda zai iya aiki ya kashe tsutsa.

Nematodes masu amfani Har ila yau, na iya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen kawar da ƙwayoyin naman gwari. Ba za ku iya ganin waɗannan mazaunan ƙasa-ƙasa ba, amma za su fitar da ƙwayoyin cizon sauro na gwari tare da ɗaruruwan sauran kwari masu zama a ƙasar.

Don mutanen da ke da tsire-tsire na cikin gida, zaku iya ƙara waɗannan nematodes a cikin ƙasa tare da ɗayan waɗannan Babu-Globe Tukunyar Turawa . Ana iya samun babban lambu ko cikakken yadi ɗaukar hoto ta amfani Dokar Pye ta Scanmask , wanda ke watsa nematodes daidai da ruwa.

Kasani cewa ba za ka iya amfani da nematodes masu amfani ba a lokaci guda tare da ƙoshin ƙasa na hydrogen peroxide, domin zai kashe nematodes! Jira aƙalla makonni biyu bayan faruwar cutar sannan kuma ƙara nematodes cikin ƙasa.

Hana Naman Gwari

Bincika shuke-shuke masu yuwuwa kafin siyan su . Bincika a gindin shukar, a hankali ku leƙa cikin ƙasa don gano alamun bayyananniyar ko farin naman gwari larvae. Guji kowane tsire-tsire tare da manya masu gani a kusa da su.

Don tabbatar da cewa sabbin tsirrai ba su da kwaro, kiyaye su kebantattu daga wasu tsirrai na aƙalla makonni 2-3. Wannan yana ba ku lokaci mai yawa don hango sabbin samari, da kuma kafa hanyoyin sarrafawa kafin su yadu.

Guji ambaliyar tsire-tsire . Hakanan, idan gwari ko naman gwari suna cikin shaida, a guji ban ruwa har sai kasar ta bushe zuwa akalla 2 ″ zurfin.

rasa nauyi a rana ɗaya

Tabbatar da amfani da tarko mai matse kwarkwata . Tunda yana ɗaukan sauro ɗaya ne kawai don yin ɗaruruwan ɗari na kwayaye, kuna son kiyaye manya!

Don tsire-tsire na cikin gida, waɗannan malam-mai-tsini mai tsini mai tsayi yi aiki da kyau kuma sun fi ƙanana girma (duk da cewa har yanzu za su yi girma kusa da ƙananan shuke-shuke). A waje, zaka iya amfani da waɗannan tarkuna masu gefe biyu .

A ƙarshe, mulching yana da tasiri mai kyau akan cutar naman gwari, kamar yadda ciyawar ke nisanta manya daga ƙasar. Wannan yana hana su kwan kwan su.

Zaka iya amfani da kauri na dunkulen dunƙulen duwatsu akan ƙasar ka, ko zaɓi samfur kamar su Tsakar Gida .

Anyi daga gilashin da aka sake amfani dashi, GnatNix yana hana manya masu tasowa fita daga cikin ƙasa. Hakanan yana hana kwarkwata naman gwari daga kwan kwayayensu tun farko.


A ƙarshe, hanya mafi kyau ga naman gwari shine rigakafi. Amma akwai zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa waɗanda zaku iya ɗauka idan sun kama ku ba zato ba tsammani. Shin kun taba fada da larvae na gwari ko manya? Wadanne hanyoyi kuka zaba? Raba labaran ku tare da mu a cikin bayanan da ke ƙasa!