Cucumbers Masu Girma: Babbar Jagora Ga Cucumis Sativus

Kewayawa da sauri

Da zarar dumin lokacin rani ya shigo, kokwamba sune abubuwan da aka fi so da salatin rani da sandwiches. Girma cucumbers a gida yana da sauƙi mai sauƙi, kuma za ku ga cewa waɗanda kuka shuka sun fi duk abin da za ku iya saya a shagon nesa ba kusa ba.



Ko ana amfani da shi don yin tsami, cin sabo daga gonar, ko amfani da ruwan 'ya'yan itace, kokwamba babban tushen bitamin ne da kayan abinci mai gina jiki. Sun cika su da ruwa da zare, abubuwa biyu masu mahimmanci ga lafiyarmu. Kuma suna da ƙananan kalori, suna mai da su abincin da aka fi so na masu ƙoshin lafiya.



Kada mu manta cewa shuke-shuke da kansu kore ne mai haske kuma za su rayar da sararin lambunku da tabarma mai kauri, da kiba. Idingoyewa a cikin waɗancan inabi ko ciyawar na iya zama yalwar abinci mai daɗi idan kawai kuka bi wannan jagorar!

Kokwamba: Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri

Kukam ɗin fure
Sunan gama gari Cucumbers, picking cucumbers, yankakken cucumbers, da wasu sunaye da yawa
Sunan Kimiyya Cucumis sativus
Lokacin Germination 7-14 kwanakin
Kwanaki zuwa Girbi 40-85 kwanakin dangane da iri-iri
Haske Cikakken rana
Ruwa Ya dace har ma da shayarwa, 1 ”/ mako min.
Zazzabi 60-90 digiri Fahrenheit
Zafi Yana jurewa zafi amma yana buƙatar iska mai kyau
.Asa Ruwa mai kyau, mai gina jiki, pH na 7.0
Taki Daidaita takin zamani
Kwari Kokwamba beetle, aphids, whiteflies, gizo-gizo mites, thrips, squash kwari, squash vine borer, picklebugs
Cututtuka Powdery mildew, downy mildew, cututtukan ƙwayoyin cuta, cucurbit scab, fusarium zai, phytophthora kambi / tushen rot, kokwamba mosaic virus (CMV)

Nau'in Kokwamba

Pipinex Picolino da Farin Al

Cucumis sativus, kokwamba, tana da nau’ikan nau’uka daban-daban, amma waɗannan galibi an raba su gida biyu: yadda yake girma, da abin da ake amfani da shi.



Kokwamba Ta Amfani

Gabaɗaya, akwai rukuni biyu, wasu lokuta uku, waɗanda kokwamba suka faɗi ƙasa dangane da yadda ake amfani da su.

Yanke cucumbers ko sabo-mai cin cucumber sune waɗanda ake amfani dasu a cikin salati. Waɗannan sun zama masu ɗanɗano, mai daɗi, da ɗanɗano a yawancin yanayi na amfani da sabo. Yawancin cucumbers da yawa suna da fata na ƙarami.

Ickayan cucumbers suna da fata masu kauri da kuma ɗan kauri, nama mai bushe wanda yake da kyau a sha ruwan gwangwani. Waɗannan sune kokwamba na yau da kullun. Duk da yake har yanzu ana iya cin cucumbers na sabo, suna da mashahuri don amfani da su.



Wani lokaci akwai rukuni na uku, da cucumbers na abinci . Ana amfani da waɗannan duka don cin abinci mai ɗanɗano da na ɗanɗano, amma suna da ƙanƙan da girma fiye da yadda ake ɗauka ko yanka cucumber. Wasu lokuta ana kiran waɗannan azaman hadaddiyar hadaddiyar giyar. Koyaya, ana iya rarrabe cucumbers na ciye-ciye a ɗayan ɗayan ɗayan sauran.

Kokwamba Ta Girma

Duk kokwamba nau'ikan itacen inabi ne, amma ba duk kokwamba iri ne na daji ba.

Bush kokwamba ya zama mafi ƙanƙanta kuma mai kyau don ƙaramar sarari girma. Waɗannan ana ɗaukarsu manyan shuke-shuke masu tsire-tsire, tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire, ko tsire-tsire na akwati.

Ana iya buƙatar wani nau'i na tallafi ko trellis, amma cucumbers na daji galibi suna ɗaukar ƙafafun murabba'in 2-3 na sarari. Bugu da kari, wasu nau'ikan greenhouse ko nau'ikan hydroponic suna da amfani mai amfani, ma'ana cewa basa bukatar yin zaben a waje.

Kukuman ruwan inabi su ne waɗanda ke fidda itacen inabi masu tsayi daga tushe tushe. Waɗannan galibi ana girmarsu akan trellis idan sarari ya iyakance, amma kuma ana iya girma da shi a ƙasa. Waɗannan na iya ɗaukar ƙasa da yawa fiye da ƙarfin kokwamba na daji, amma sun ƙunshi yawancin nau'o'in kokwamba iri-iri.

Nagari Irin Cucumber

Don sauƙaƙan sakewa, zan raba wannan zuwa yanka, ɗauka, ko nau'ikan kokwamba iri-iri.

Za a lura da nau'ikan Bush kusa da sunan kokwamba tare da (B) . Duk sauran nau'ikan vining ne.

Yanka Cucumber

Kasuwar kokwamba
Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Iznik (B) 45 kwanaki3-4 ″ cucumbers na ciye-ciye, masu tsayayya da fure-furen hoda da fatar scab. Fruitaunar kai. Sayi Tsaba
Gwarzon Bush (B) 55 kwanaki8-12 ″ kokwamba waɗanda ke girma da kyau a ƙananan wurare. CMV mai tsayayya, manyan masu kera. Sayi Tsaba
Leananan Leafan Arkansas (B) 55 kwanakiMai tsananin juriya ga ƙwayoyin cuta, CMV, mildews, scab, aiyukan ganye. Plantananan shuka, girbi mai yawa. Sayi Tsaba
Mini Munch (B) 55 kwanaki-Aukar da kai tare da ″ ƙananan fruitsa fruitsan itace 3-4 3-4. Yayi kyau a kananan wurare. Powdery mildew-juriya. Sayi Tsaba
Johanna na Hoffman57 kwanakiWanda kuma ake kira Giganta. Mai taushi, mai yankan ɗaci mara ɗaci. Crisananan iri-iri na Turai. Sayi Tsaba
KasuwaKwanaki 58Bambancin kasuwa sosai. Juriya ga scab, CMV, downy da powdery mildew Sayi Tsaba
Madaidaiciya TakwasKwanaki 58Wani sanannen kokwamba wanda ya fi kyau lokacin girbe shi a tsayin ″ 8. Girma a kan trellis da kyau. Sayi Tsaba
TokiwaKwanaki 58Har ila yau ana kiransa 'Tokyo Green'. Mashahuri iri-iri kokwamba na Japan. Mai yawan bayarwa. Sayi Tsaba
Telegraph60 kwanaki18 ″ 'ya'yan itace masu duhu masu duhu, babban dandano da yawan amfanin ƙasa. Turanci magaji. Sayi Tsaba
Ashley65 kwanakiMashi mai jurewar Mildew, yana samar da 7-8 ″ korayen kore kokwamba. Mai girma a kudu. Sayi Tsaba
Yamato Sanjaku65 kwanakiYawancin Jafananci da yawa. Mildew-mai juriya Girbi har tsawon kafa 2. Zai iya ƙara tsayi. Sayi Tsaba
Pepinex68 kwanakiDoguwa, siririn cucumbers na Ingilishi wanda ya kai 12-14 ″ tsayi. Mildew-mai juriya Sayi Tsaba

Ickaunar Cucumber

Kabejin diamita
Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Lu'u-lu'u47 kwanakiMusamman farkon gherkin mai kirkirar kirkirar juriya na cuta. Kyakkyawan sabo ne ko tsinkakke. Sayi Tsaba
Jituwa47 kwanakitsinkayen Turawan Turai, 3-5 ″ a tsayi. Babban juriya ga fure-furen fure & scab, kuma yana da tsayayya ga CMV. Sayi Tsaba
Pickle na Bush (B) 48 kwanaki4-5 ″ cucumbers waɗanda ke girma a cikin ƙananan sarari. Yi mamaki sosai a yanayin zafi. Sayi Tsaba
Mai kyau (B) 50 kwanaki4-5 ined spined cucumbers, masu ba da kai. Juriya ga scab, CMV, powdery mildew & ƙari. Sayi Tsaba
Tsakar Gida (B) 52 kwanaki2-ft vines wanda ke fitar da farin spya 4 white. Mai samarwa, mai jure wa fure mai laushi & CMV. Sayi Tsaba
Calypso52 kwanaki3 c cukes picking cukes wanda na iya buƙatar taimakon pollination. Juriya / jurewa ga cututtuka da yawa. Sayi Tsaba
Gundumar Gunduma (B) 52 kwanakiDandano mai girma da aka girba a 2-3 ″, ana iya ƙara tsayi. Maganin cutar da yawa. Kai pollinator. Sayi Tsaba
Sau Biyu52 kwanakiMai tsananin yuel. Tsarin gado na 1920, nau'ikan 4-6 ″ picking cucumbers. Sayi Tsaba
Cikakken Chicago55 kwanakiRashin jurewar cuta, 'ya'yan itace zasu iya girma har zuwa 7 ″ amma galibi ana girbe shi a baya. Sayi Tsaba
Mafi Girma (B) 56 kwanaki3-4 ″ 'ya'yan itace akan karamin itacen inabi, mai samar da nauyi. Babban juriya cuta. Sayi Tsaba
Boston57 kwanakiOfayan tsofaffin kayan gado (1880) tare da yalwa na santsi, greena greenan itace .a .an itace. Mai kyan gani, mai kyau don ɗauka. Sayi Tsaba
Wautoma60 kwanakiTheaddamar da USDA, yana ba da manyan girbi na masu karɓar 4-5 ″. Fantastic juriya cuta. Sayi Tsaba

Cucumber mara kyau

Lemun tsami
Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Mongkut40 kwanaThai 4 ″ kokwamba mai mottled kore / fararen fata da nama mai kauri mara ɗaci, seedsan tsaba kaɗan. Sayi Tsaba
Gishiri Da Barkono49 kwanakiFarin-fata mai launin fata ″ 3-lingan tsam tsamiya tare da fulawa mai laushi da juriya wurin tabo ganye. Sayi Tsaba
Farin Al'ajabi60 kwanaki1893 iri-iri. Fata ta hauren giwa farar fata, mai tsawon 6-8 and da mai. Kyakkyawan samar da kayayyaki koda a yanayi mai zafi. Sayi Tsaba
Kwarin Dragon60 kwanaki'Ya'yan itace masu launin-kirim waɗanda suke kama da kusan girman babban kwai. Farin ciki don girma. Sayi Tsaba
Brown ɗan RashaKwanaki 61Kukwannin ruwan kasa? Tabbas! 6-8 ″ 'ya'yan itace, mafi kyau girbe a 5-7 ″. Gadon Ukraniya. Sayi Tsaba
Naku DogoKwanaki 61'Ya'yan kasar Sin da ke da' ya'yan itace da yawa, har zuwa 'ya'yan itace fruit 15 masu lankwasa. Yana da kyau a yanayin zafi. Sayi Tsaba
Solly Beiler62 kwanakiGadon Amish. Mai-inganci, yana yin manyan zabuka masu yatsa amma ana iya girma. Sayi Tsaba
Fentin Maciji63 kwanakiArmeniya iri-iri. Koren haske tare da ratsin kore mai duhu, yayi girma amma yakamata a girbe shi a 15 ″ ko gajere. Sayi Tsaba
Lemun tsami65 kwanakiGidajen 1894, kokwamba mai rawaya kewaye da girman ƙwallan tanis. Mai yawan gaske. Yayi kama da lemun tsami! Sayi Tsaba
Richmond Green AppleKwanaki 70Game da girman lemo, amma mai launi kamar koren apple. Nau'in Australiya mai zaki da mai daɗi. Sayi Tsaba
Gherkin Guraren Meziko75 kwanakiWani lokaci ana kiran guna na bera, waɗannan suna kama da ″ mini-kankana. Tastean ɗanɗano ɗan ɗanɗano. Sayi Tsaba
Gagon85 kwanakiKyakkyawan sabo ko ɗanɗano lokacin da aka girbe shi a yanayin koren yanayin sa. Ya zama ruwan kanwa ko ja kokwamba yayin girma. Kyakkyawan halaye Sayi Tsaba

Shuka

Kokwamba itacen inabi

Wata tsohuwar mata tatsuniya tana ikirarin cewa idan kuka dasa kukumbayenku kafin fitowar rana a ranar farko ta watan Mayu alhali kuna sanye da rigar barci, babu kwari da zai ci su. Amma a zahiri yana da sauƙin gaske fiye da wannan, kuma ba lallai ba ne ku sami ɓarke ​​na fanjama!

Lokacin da Za'a Dasa Kokwamba

Cucumbers suna da matukar damuwa da sanyi, don haka ba kwa son shuka wannan amfanin da wuri. A farkon farawa, dasa tsaba aƙalla makonni biyu bayan kwanan watan ƙarshe mai yiwuwa. Yakamata ƙasa ta kasance aƙalla digiri 70 na Fahrenheit don tsaba ta tsiro.

Mu daga cikin mu da muke son fara shukokin mu a cikin gida zasu iya amfani da tabarmar dashe da aka sanya zuwa digiri 70. Shuka tsaba makwanni 3-4 kafin kuna son dasawa shuke-shuke matasa. Wannan zai sa su fara farawa.

Inda Za'a Dasa Cucumber

Kokwamba itace mai cike da rana, don haka duk inda aka sa su, zaku so aƙalla awanni takwas na hasken rana a rana don kiyaye su cikin farin ciki.

Kokwamba na Bush suna da farin ciki kamar tsire-tsire. Lokacin da sarari ya iyakance, waɗannan zaɓuɓɓuka ne cikakke.

Ta hanyar kwatankwacin, kogin cucumbers na iya ɗaukar sarari da yawa, saboda haka kuna buƙatar shirya gaba don waɗannan. Hakanan zaku iya yin la'akari da horar da cucumber ɗinku don haɓaka trellis don rage sarari.

Kuna son gwada wani abu mai ban mamaki? Zaku iya shuka kukuman ku juye-juye ta amfani da guga gallan biyar da aka gyara ko kuma kwandon tsire tumatir mai juye juye. Kawai yi hankali don tara amfanin gonarku a kai a kai don kada ku sanya damuwa a kan tushen shukar!

Tabbatar cewa akwai wadatacciyar iska a kewayen cucumber ɗin ku.

Wadannan tsire-tsire na iya zama mai saukin kamuwa da cututtukan tsire-tsire masu yawa na fungal idan sun cika matse su sosai. Wannan gaskiya ne idan ganyen su a kai a kai suke kuma basa bushewa da sauri. Kada ku cika su sosai.

Kokwamba da ke tsiro da kwantena tana girma cikin shahara, kuma mun sami bidiyo mai ban sha'awa tare da nasihu don kiyaye su samarwa a duk lokacin!

Yadda Ake Shuka Kokwamba

Yakamata a dasa tsire-tsire wadanda aka dasa su dangane da bukatun ire-irensu. Wadanda suka girma trellis za a iya tazara ta kusan kafa guda, inda shuke-shuke daji suka fi son kusan ″ 36. Nau'o'in Vining wadanda ba su girma zuwa sama ba suna da aƙalla 60 ″ tazara don ba su damar yaɗuwa.

Ya kamata a kula da cucumbers kai tsaye a cikin irin tazarar tazara kamar yadda ake dasa shukoki. Sanya tsaba kokwamba 3-4 a cikin kowane rami mai zurfin 1 ″, kuma da zarar sun fara tsiro, saika rage ƙasa zuwa itace mafi ƙarfi ko biyu.

Sau da yawa, mutane za su dasa romon cucumbers ɗinsu a kan tsaunuka. Yi tudun ƙasa, mai tsayi 3-4,, kuma dasa tsaba a tsakiyar tsaunin. Itacen inabi za su yi girma zuwa ƙasa da kewayen dutsen.

Kulawa da Shuke-shuke

Kusa da mace furen da aka zaba

Girman cucumbers hakika yana da sauƙi. Karanta cikin shawarwari masu zuwa don samun hanya mafi kyau don kula da tsire-tsire!

Rana

Hasken rana yana da mahimmanci don saurin saurin kokwamba. Waɗannan shuke-shuke suna da manyan ganye don inuwar fruita fruitan itacen su masu daraja, amma suna buƙatar cikakken hasken rana don yin abin su.

Sanya su a ɗayan sassa mafi kyaun lambun ka don mafi kyawun samarwa, kuma ka tabbata sun sami aƙalla awanni takwas na hasken rana kowace rana.

Zazzabi

Cucumbers suna son shi dumi - tsakanin digiri 60-90!

Zasu tsiro a yanayin ƙasa na 80-90 kuma, amma a kowane abu da ke ƙasa da digiri sittin da takwas, zai yi jinkiri ko a'a. Don mafi kyawun yanayi don noman cucumber, tabbatar ƙasarku tana da aƙalla digiri 70 koyaushe kafin shuka shukar ku kai tsaye.

Da zarar an kafa tsire-tsire, yanayin zafi yana da kyau. Zasu iya ɗaukar yanayi mai tsananin zafi (sama da digiri 90) na ɗan gajeren lokaci, matuƙar suna da isasshen ruwa.

shuke-shuke na gida waɗanda ke yin kyau a inuwa

Koyaya, yayin da yanayi ya fara yin sanyi a lokacin bazara, za ku ga cucumbers ɗinku suna zubewa da zarar zafin jiki a kai a kai ya sauka zuwa shekaru 50. A wancan lokacin lokaci yayi da za a cire shuke-shuke kuma a sami faɗuwar amfanin gona a wurinku.

Shayarwa

Ruwan ruwa mai mahimmanci yana da mahimmanci don haɓaka fruita fruitan itace masu kyau. Bayan duk wannan, kokwamba ta kasance galibi ruwa ne!

Kyakkyawan doka da za a bi ita ce ta gwada yatsa. Idan ka tsoma yatsanka cikin ƙasa kuma ya bushe yatsar hannunka na farko, lokaci yayi da zaka sha ruwa. Kula da ƙasa daidai da danshi yawanci shine mafi kyau, musamman idan akwai fruita fruitan itacen inabi.

Inci na ruwa a sati yana bada shawarar ga mafi yawan cucumber, amma zasu buƙaci ƙari idan yanayi yayi zafi. A lokacin bazara, bincika su a kai a kai. Ba kwa son tsire-tsiren kucumber su ji ƙishi, saboda ƙarancin ruwa yana sanya fruita fruitan fruita cuan cucumber.

An fi son shayar da ƙasa. Yi ƙoƙari kada ku jike ganye da yawa, saboda wannan na iya haifar da matsaloli kamar su fure mai laushi. Idan kana da tsarin shayar da ruwa ko bututun soaker, waɗannan sune masu kyau.

.Asa

Furer dumu-dumu

Cuaƙan cucumbers na buƙatar abubuwan gina jiki da yawa, saboda suna da nauyi masu ciyarwa. Kafin dasa shuki, ana ba da shawarar ka haɗa a cikin takin zamani ko taki tsufa zuwa zurfin inci takwas.

Yankin pH ya zama tsaka tsaki ko ɗan alkaline, kamar yadda cucumbers suka fi son wani abu kusa da 7.0 pH.

Yana da mahimmanci don samun ƙasa mai kyau. Idan kasar ku tayi jinkiri sosai, zata iya haifar da cututtukan fungal wadanda zasu lalata tsirran ku.

Hakanan, kasa-irin ta yumbu ba su da kyau don girma cucumbers kamar yadda tushen zai iske shi da wuyar shiga. Soilasarku ta kasance mai laushi da wadataccen abu. Soananan ƙasa mai yashi za su yi aiki sosai muddin suna da abubuwan gina jiki da yawa.

Ga mutanen da ke shirin yin lambun kwantena, kyakkyawar cakuda ƙasa ta ƙunshi takin mai wadataccen ɓangare, wani ɓangaren perlite, da kuma ɓangaren peat moss ko coir coir. Wannan cakudawar yana rike da ruwa ba tare da juyawa zuwa laka ba ko kuma yin laushi mai yawa, amma zai zubar da wuce gona da iri cikin sauki.

Takin taki

Feedwararrun masu ciyar da abinci kamar kokwamba suna buƙatar ƙasa mai kyau don farawa. Zasu iya rayuwa ba tare da sanya taki ba idan ƙasar ta kasance cike da abinci tun daga farko. Koyaya, sanya takin zamani mai daidaituwa a farkon bazara da farkon faɗo yana ba da ƙarancin ƙasa.

Nitrogen shine mafi mahimmanci don ci gaban tsire-tsire. Potassium na iya taimaka wa tsirrai yin tsayayya da cuta. Phosphorous yana da mahimmanci don fure, wanda ya zama dole don saita fruita fruitan itace.

Yi ƙoƙari don tabbatar da duk abin da kuka yi amfani da shi daidai-daidaito. Idan yana da nauyi mai gina jiki akan ɗayan waɗannan, yi niyya don ya fi nitrogen fiye da sauran biyun.

Kyakkyawan, takin mai wadatar da ke yaɗuwa a gindin inabi a lokacin kaka na iya aiki a madadin takin. Granwarorin da ke sakin jiki a hankali suna da kyau, kamar yadda amfani da takin takin gargajiya yake.

Yankan

Dodan Kwai Kokwamba

Duk da yake irin nau'ikan kokwamba na daji da wuya suke buƙatar sarowa, itacen inabi na kokwamba na iya yin sauri da sauri da faɗaɗawa daga cikin iko.

Wadannan inabi duk sun fito ne daga tushe guda, kuma suka bazu don cinye yankin da suke girma. Idan kun ji kuna buƙatar datse itacen inabinku don kiyaye shi a ƙarƙashin iko, fara kusa da asalin tushe.

Yi nazarin ƙwanƙwararka daga inda ta fito daga ƙasa ta haɗin haɗin kuro na farko na 5-7. Idan akwai wasu kurangar inabi suna harbawa daga wannan yankin, wannan shine lokacin da kuke buƙatar yin zaɓi. Kuna iya ba da izinin waɗannan su wanzu, ko za ku iya yanke su don kiyaye babban itacen inabin da yake girma.

Gabaɗaya ya fi kyau kawai a datse waɗannan ƙananan kurangar inabi ta ƙasa, kuma a ba shi damar yaɗuwa a saman itacen inabin. Wannan ma yana da mahimmanci idan kuna horar da cucumber ɗin ku a kan trellis, saboda haɓakar da ke sama za ta cika trellis.

Don yankewa, snip itacen inabi na biyu kusa da babban itacen inabi kamar yadda zaku iya ba tare da lalata babban itacen inabi ba. Kyakkyawan ma'aurata masu wucewa na taimaka wajan kaucewa lalata lalacewa. Guji maƙaryatan anvil idan za ku iya.

Hakanan, zaku iya yanyanka fruita formsan itacen da ke samarwa a waccan farkon node 5-7 ɗin idan kuna so, saboda wannan zai ƙarfafa ci gaban itacen inabin.

Cire na farko 4-6 masu tsere na gefe waɗanda suka bayyana kusa da tushen shukar kuma. Duk wani abu sama da wadancan, kyale shi ya bunkasa kamar yadda zasuyi amfani.

Horar da Kokwamba zuwa Trellis

Dogayen kafa 5-6 mai tsayi yakamata ya zama yalwa don girma cucumbers. Tabbatar cewa yana da cikakken tallafi kuma yana iya ɗaukar nauyi, saboda 'ya'yan itacen kokwamba na iya zama da nauyi cikin sauri.

Farawa ta hanyar dasa tuddai na tsire-tsire na kokwamba wanda ke tazara kusan 12 ″ baya a gindin trellis. Da zarar kurangar inabi ta sami inchesan inci kaɗan na girma, toka tsaunuka da sauƙi don taimakawa ƙasa ta kasance mai danshi.

espoma ap8 8-quart kayan kwalliyar kwalliyar kwalliya

Kamar yadda tsire-tsire suka yi tsayi sosai don isa ga trellis, ƙarfafa inabi su nade a cikin trellis. Idan ya cancanta, yi amfani da tube na tsohuwar t-shirt don kwantar da inabi a wuri. Tabbatar barin ɗaki da yawa don itacen inabi ya yi kauri yayin da yake girma.

Za a iya ba da ƙarin tallafi ga cucumbers yayin da suke fruita fruitan itace ta yin majajjawa. Ieulla shi zuwa ga trellis kuma zame idea fruitan a cikin majajjawa, kasancewa da tabbacin akwai sarari da yawa don thea fruitan don su fi girma. Wannan yana taimakawa tallafawa nauyi don haka itacen inabi ba dole bane.

Shuka Kulu a cikin Kwantena

Bush Champion kokwamba

Za'a iya dasa irin cucumbers irin na Bush a cikin kwantena, kamar yadda za'a iya shuka nau'in idan suna girma da girma. Haɗa ƙasar tukunyar kokwamba (duba sashin 'ƙasa' a sama) kuma dasa kokwamba a tsakiyar tukunyar da ta ƙalla 12 ″ faɗi.

Bai kamata iri Bush su buƙaci ƙarin tallafi ba.

Tabbatar da kai tsaye duba tsire-tsiren kucumber don tabbatar da samun isasshen danshi. Kokwamba da ke tsiro da kwantena na iya bushewa cikin hanzari, kuma kiyaye hakan koda da wadataccen ruwa yana da mahimmanci ga itinga fruan kirki.

Yaduwa

Cucumbers na iya yaduwa daga kwaya, ko daga yanke.

Kamar yadda muka rufe growingan cucumbers masu girma daga iri a wani wuri a cikin wannan yanki, bari mu tattauna yankan. Ya kamata a zabi yankan daga kore, shuke-shuke masu lafiya.

Zai fi dacewa ka dauki yankan ka a safiyar farkon lokacin da kaɗan suke da ruwa sosai.

Kuna buƙatar ɗaukar yankan ku daga ƙarshen asalin. Yanke 1/8 ″ a bayan saiti na biyu na ganye da kumburin ganye, yana sanya yanke ku kai tsaye a kan ƙwanƙolin. A hankali cire saiti na biyu a hankali, kiyaye na farko cif.

Tsoma ƙarshen ƙarshen kara a cikin homonin rooting, sannan kuma dasa shi a cikin tukunyar ƙasar tukunya, yana nuna kai tsaye.

Tabbatar cewa an rufe ƙananan node ganye sosai tare da homonin rooting kafin a dasa. Hakanan, tabbatar cewa ƙananan node ɗin nisan rabin inci ne a cikin ƙasa.

Shayar da abin yanka a kowace rana tare da kwalba mai ɓoye, kasancewa da tabbacin jiƙa dukkan ƙasa sosai. Kar a cika ruwa, amma ka tabbata cewa ƙasar koyaushe tana da danshi. Tushen yakamata ya zama cikin makonni uku.

Ajiye Tsaba Kokwamba

Cucumber mai tsami Gherkin Mexico

Kafin ka yanke shawarar adana irin da ka samu daga noman cucumber, ka bincika abu biyu ka tabbatar.

Na farko, ka tabbata cewa tsirranka ba matasan bane. Plantsananan tsire-tsire suna ba da seeda stan bakararre kuma ya kamata a yada su ta hanyar yankan.

Na biyu, ka tabbata cewa tsirranka ba su tsallaka-da-da-da-da-da-da-da-da-da-wane da sauran ire-iren ba. Tsarin giciye na iya haifar da tsire-tsire don ba da gaskiya ba. Lokacin adana tsaba, ya fi kawai shuka iri-iri.

Idan har kuna da ingantattun tsaba, hanyar jika ta girbi iri shine mafi kyau.

Da kyau yanke yanki kokwam ɗinku a tsakiya kuma ku yi amfani da cokali don ɗiban ɓangaren ɓangaren litattafan almara tare da tsaba. Yi ƙoƙarin raba iri da yawa daga ɓangaren litattafan almara kamar yadda za ku iya, kuma sanya su a cikin kwano tare da ɗan ruwan dumi mai dumi.

Ki rufe kwanon ki bar irin a cikin ruwa na kwana uku. Wannan yana bawa gel din da ke samarwa a kusa da tsaba ya fara ruɓuwa, yana janyewa daga zuriya.

Bayan kwana uku, ka tace kwayayenka, ka cire kayan kwalliyar kamar yadda zaka iya, ka yada su akan tire don ya bushe.

Bincika a kai a kai don ganin ko tsaba ɗinku sun bushe, kuma da zarar sun bushe, sanya su a cikin ambulan ɗin takarda, wanda aka yi alama tare da kwanan wata da iri-iri.

Kuna iya ƙara kowane bayanan girma / lokutan girma wanda ya zo akan fakitin asalinku azaman kimantawa ko jagorar da zaku bi na shekara mai zuwa.

Adana tsaba a wuri mai duhu, bushe, da sanyi. Ajiye ajiyar iska yana da kyau, amma idan baza ku iya samar da kwantena ba, yi ƙoƙari ku rage iska kamar yadda ya kamata kuma ku sa su bushe.

Dasawa

Naku Kokwamba

Duk da yake ba a ba da shawarar kaɗa tsofaffin cucumbers ɗin ka zuwa manyan kwantena ba, samarin cucumbers suna da saukin dasawa zuwa gidan su na dindindin.

Shirya ƙasa ta hanyar sassauta shi da haɗuwa aƙalla inci na takin mai wadataccen abinci don samar da wadataccen abinci mai gina jiki.

Bayan haka, a hankali cire tsiron kokwamba daga kwandonsa. Yi hankali kada ku lalata tushen, saboda tushen kokwamba na iya zama mai laushi da rauni.

yadda za a kawar da thrips ta halitta

Nestle your kokwamba a cikin ƙasa a zurfin da aka dasa a cikin ta Starter tukunya. Idan kuna amfani da tukunyar peat, ku tabbata cewa an zira ƙasan tukunyar don ba da damar tushen su faɗaɗa, kuma binne tukunyar kwata-kwata.

Shuka

Cucumbers tsirrai ne na abokantaka, kuma ana iya girma tare da yawancin sauran kayan lambu da 'ya'yan itatuwa.

A zahiri, ya fi sauƙi don lissafa abin da bai kamata ku dasa cucumber kusa da shi ba!

Guji shuka cucumbers kusa da dankali, saboda yana iya haifar da cutar dankalin turawa. Ba zai cutar da cucumbers da kansu ba, amma zai iya rage noman dankalin ku.

Hakanan yakamata a guji herbsanɗano-ƙanshi masu ƙanshi kamar sage a kusa da inababbun inabinku. Zai fi kyau ka ware ganyayyun ka daban.

A ƙarshe, akwai muhawara a kan ko noman kankana kusa da cucumber zai zama matsala. Amsar mai sauki ita ce cewa ya dogara da irin nau'in cucumber da kuma irin nau'in guna da kuke girma. Wasu na iya samun damar tsallake rijiya da baya.

Babban haɗarin da ke tattare da guna a kusa da cucumber ɗinku shi ne cewa suna da kwari iri ɗaya. Yawancin tsire-tsire masu kama da juna kusa da juna na iya ƙirƙirar manufa mai ban sha'awa ga ƙwarƙwara kokwamba da sauran kwari masu alaƙa. Gwada bambanta shuka ka.

Lokacin yanke shawarar abin da za a yi girma tare da cucumbers, ga jerin abubuwan haɗin gwiwa na yau da kullun:

Sunflowers, nasturtiums, marigolds, radishes, wake, tumatir, masara, peas, da brassicas kamar broccoli, farin kabeji, da kabeji.

Girbi & Adana Kokwamba

Madaidaici Kwana takwas

Yanke shawara lokacin da za a debo cucumbers ya fi wahalar girbi kanta. Adanawa ma na iya zama ƙalubale. Ga wasu alamun taimako ga duka!

Girbi

Dogaro da wane nau'in da kuke da shi, bincika kullun ku na girma kowace rana ko biyu yayin da fruitsa fruitsan itacen suka fara faɗaɗawa cikin girma. Ga nau'ikan da yawa, zai kasance kwanaki takwas zuwa goma bayan buɗe furen mata, amma wannan ba koyaushe kyakkyawan garantin bane.

Dogayen, nau'ikan kokwamba da ake nufi don cin abinci an fi girbe su lokacin da suka yi inci zuwa inci da rabi a diamita. Auki takunkumi mai tsabta da snip ta hanyar tushe 1/4 ″ sama da 'ya'yan itacen. Guji karkatar da itacen inabi don kar ya lalata ta.

Cuaunar cucumbers sun fi kyau a kusan 6 ″ a tsayi, kuma yakamata a girbe su kamar yadda ake cin abinci da sabo.

Nau'o'in kokwamba da ba a saba da su ba, kamar nau'ikan 'linzamin guna', ya kamata a girbe lokacin da suke kimanta girman da aka bayyana akan fakitin iri.

Yana da mahimmanci a debo cucumbers idan sun girma. Barin su akan itacen inabi da tsayi da yawa zai sa su fara rawaya, kuma hakan yana sanya thea fruitan cikin daci. Ickauki lokacin da suke kore zuwa duhun kore da madaidaicin girman nau'ikan su.

Adanawa

Kokwamar Armeniya

Cucumbers ana daukar su masu lalacewa. Zasu saurin lalacewa da zarar sun girbe. Saboda haka, adana su ƙalubale ne.

A manyan kantunan, galibi an ruɗe kokwamba da kakin zuma. Wannan yana taimakawa kiyaye danshi a cikin thea fruitan itacen yayin cikin firinji. Kuna iya yin kakink duman ku idan kuna so, ko kunsa su cikin madauri a cikin leda idan ba a buɗe su ba.

Cucumbers wanda aka nannade ana iya adana su a cikin aljihun tebur a cikin firinji na kimanin sati ɗaya. Wadanda suke da kakin zuma na iya daukar tsawon makonni biyu.

Idan kun yi amfani da wani ɓangare na kokwamba ɗin ku, kunsa shi sosai a cikin filastik filastik kuma amfani da sauran a cikin 'yan kwanaki.

Sauran hanyoyin kiyayewa

Kokwamba na Boston

Idan kana da wadatacciyar alkamar-cin sabbin abubuwa kuma ba ka da lokacin cin su duka kafin su lalace, ka yi la’akari da yin ruwan ruwan kokwamba. Kashe fatar daga kokwamba shida (kuma kuna iya cirewa don cire irin idan kun fi so) kuma ku tsinke su da yawa. Sanya su a cikin injin sarrafa abinci kuma juya su zuwa cikin puree.

Don ruwan 'ya'yan itace mara ƙwanƙwasa, tace wannan cakuda ta cikin cuku-cuku ko matattaran kofi. Hakanan zaka iya gudanar da naman kokwamba ta cikin juicer.

Ruwan 'ya'yan itace za a iya daskarewa har sai an buƙata, amma ya kamata a narke a hankali a cikin firinji don adana ɗanɗano. Da zarar an narke, yi amfani da ruwan 'ya'yan itace da sauri don kar ya lalace.

Hakanan zaka iya ƙara ruwan lemun tsami da sauran kayan ƙanshi mai haɗuwa kamar ginger da yin granita daga cikin ruwan idan kana so.

Abin takaici, kokwamba da kansu ba za a iya daskarewa ba, saboda naman zai koma mushy. Koyaya, suna yin girke-girke masu ban mamaki, musamman iri da suka girma kamar yadda ake ɗora cucumbers. Akwai girke-girke masu tsinke-girke miliyan guda a kan layi, kuma ana iya amfani da sabo-da ci da duman duman cucumber don samar da su.

Ickaunar cucumbers suna da ɗan kaɗan kuma suna riƙe da kyau don maganin dill ko gwangwani. Sabbin-cin cucumbers suna sanya manyan pickles na firiji waɗanda za'a ci cikin withinan kwanaki.

Aƙarshe, za a iya busar da cucumbers ko daskarewa don samar da kwakwalwar kokwamba. Bi umarnin don mai hana ruwa ko daskare-bushe don kyakkyawan sakamako.

Idan kanaso, sai a yayyafa kayan hadin a saman yankan cucumber kafin a sarrafa don karin dandano. Ajiye a cikin kwantena mai ɗaci da fakiti mai ɗanɗano.

Shirya matsala Matsalar Cucumber

Kokwamba na yara

Mafi yawan lokuta, idan kun kula da tsire-tsire ku kuma sayi nau'ikan juriya, bai kamata ku sami matsaloli ba. Amma idan kayi, ga jerin abubuwan da akafi sani dasu.

Matsalolin Girman Cucumber

Furen kokwamba na kasance ɗayan mafi ƙarancin lura da masu zaɓe. Yana iya zama saboda an ɓoye su a ƙarƙashin mataccen ganye. Amma sau da yawa, daya daga cikin matsalolin da aka fi sani shine cewa kokwamba tana shuka furanni kawai kar a ba da ’ya’ya .

A hakikanin gaskiya, akwai furanni na mata da na mace a kan itacen kokwamba. Abu ne mai sauƙin gano furannin mata, tunda suna da fure mafi tsayi wanda yayi kama da ƙaramar kokwamba a cikin sura. Kuna iya buƙatar cin gashin kai furanninku mata don ƙarfafa 'ya'yan itace.

Don yin wannan, ɗauki auduga ko burushi mai laushi mai kyau kuma goga wasu ƙurarren pollen mai ɗauke da ɗayan furannin maza. Bayan haka, toka shi cikin cikin furannin mata. Maimaita wannan har sai duk furannin mata sun yi bahaya. Wannan ya kamata ya taimaka musu samun 'ya'yan itace da sauƙi.

Kwari

Kokwamba tare da irin abincin tsami

Da kokwamba irin ƙwaro ita ce mafi yawan kwayar cucumbers, kamar yadda sunan ta ya tabbatar. Tsutsar wannan ƙwaro za ta kai hari ga tushen tsirranku, yayin da manya za su ci abinci a kan ganyayyaki masu faɗi.

Don kare tsire-tsire a kan wannan ƙwaro, za ku buƙaci amfani da feshi mai tushen pyrethrin. ina bada shawara Brand Yard mai aminci da kuma Fesa Aljanna , wanda yake da tasirin gaske. Idan ya cancanta, matsa zuwa mafi ƙarfi maganin pyrethrin, amma ƙoƙari kada a fesa pyrethrins dama kafin girbi duk lokacin da zai yiwu.

Aphids su ne kwari kwata-kwata a yawancin lambuna. Tare da miliyoyin bambance-bambancen, ana samun waɗannan ƙananan ƙwayoyin ruwan inabin a duk sassan duniya. Fari , miyar gizo-gizo , da ɓoyayyu Hakanan sanannu ne don bin ruwan shuka na cucumbers ɗinku.

Kuna iya kiyaye tsire-tsire kan waɗannan kwari ta hanyar fesa dukkan ganye da saman inabi tare da su dauki mai . Wannan yana haifar da ƙarin kamuwa da cuta yayin da sannu a hankali yake kashe duk wanda ke wurin.

Idan kun shuka kabewa ko sauran squash ban da cucumbers, kuna iya samun matsala tare da squash bug . Kwancen squash zai sauƙaƙe kan tsire-tsire na kokwamba, kodayake abincin da suka fi so shine sauran abubuwan lalata kamar kabewa.

yadda za a dasa tsiron aloe vera daga yankan

Zaka iya amfani dauki mai ko kuma maganin feshi irin na pyrethrin Brand Yard mai aminci da kuma Fesa Aljanna a kan kwari kuma.

Da squash itacen borer wani kwaro ne wanda zai iya zama babban batun. Ramin sa na larvae a cikin inabin squash, guna, cucumbers, da sauran tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire.

Ture wannan borer, wanda ya rikide ya zama asu a cikin yanayin manya, na iya zama ƙalubale. Spinosad masu feshi kamar su Monterey Aljannar feshi an nuna suna da amfani.

Da zarar tsutsa ta shiga cikin kwayar kumba, mai yiyuwa ne kuyi aikin cire tsutsa a kan kara ku rufe shi da datti don inganta tushen.

A ƙarshe, muna da mai tsinke-tsinke . Wannan tsuttsurar tsutsa mai saurin ɗauka za ta yi ɗamara a ganye da tushe na shukar kukwamba, amma abin da yake da sha'awar gaske shine 'ya'yan itacen. Pickleworms zai zurfafa cikin 'ya'yan itacen kokwamba, yana lalata fruita fruitan itacen kuma ya mayar da shi mara cin abinci.

Gujewa tsinkar tsinkar kwayar cutar (kuma hakika dukkan wadannan kwarin) ana iya yi ta amfani dasu abin rufe layuka a kan tsire-tsire ku. Da zarar an cire waɗannan murfin don pollination, ya fi rikitarwa.

Fesawa ko fure tsire-tsire da fruita fruitan itacen su tare da bacillus thurigiensis (BT) yakan zama hanya mafi inganci don hana ƙwayoyin tsutsa daga ciki. Monterey BT . Don zaɓin foda, Ina ba da shawara Lambun Aljanna .

Cututtuka

Downy vs. Powdery Mildew
Bambanci tsakanin dusar ƙanƙara da fure mai laushi. tushe

Sphaerotheca fuliginea da Erysiphe cichoracearum sune fungi wanda ke haifar da fargaba faten fure . Wannan farin, girma na garin foda zai zama akan ganyen cucumber ɗin ku. Idan ba a kula da shi ba, ganyen kukumba ɗinku zai yi sanyi, kuma tsire-tsire sun fara mutuwa saboda rashin chlorophyll.

Abin godiya, furotin foda yana da sauƙin magancewa tare da hanyoyi da yawa. Na fi son amfani dauki mai , wanda ke rufe ganyen kuma ya kare shi daga ci gaban amosuwa. Koyaya, akwai wasu sauran hanyoyin hanyoyin waɗanda suke aiki daidai.

Kuna iya karantawa aboutarin game da rigakafin fure-fure a nan .

Yullon mara ƙasa ne ya sa ta yet wani fungal kamuwa da cuta. Wannan yana haifar da facin launuka masu launin ruwan sama a saman ganyen kokwamba, tare da ɗauka masu ƙyalli ko launin ruwan kasa a ƙasan ganyen. Jiyya don futowar fure tana buƙatar fungicide na tagulla kamar su Bonide Copper Fungicide kashe kashe fungal girma.

Kwayar cuta zata wata kwayar cuta ce (Erwinia tracheiphila) wacce ke yaduwa ta dabbare-dabbare da taguwar ƙwayoyin cucumber. Da farko, yana haifar da bushewar ganye tare da tushe, amma bayan lokaci sai ya bazu a cikin shuka ya mutu.

Don kaucewa wannan son, kawar kokwamba beetles da tsutsayen su da wuri-wuri. Idan kun sami tsire-tsire mai cutar, cire shi ku lalata shi don hana ci gaba da yaɗuwa, sa'annan ku kula da sauran lalata ku.

Cucurbit scab cuta ce mai ban sha'awa game da tsire-tsire, saboda tana tasiri daban-daban ga nau'ikan ɓarna.

A kan cucumbers, yana haifar da fari zuwa launin ganye mai toka, wani lokaci tare da halo mai ɗanɗano kewaye da shi. Bayan lokaci, waɗannan ɗakunan ganye za su bushe kuma su fado, suna haifar da ganyayyun ganyaye.

Hakanan yana iya haifar da diga-dago a kan 'ya'yan kokwamba waɗanda suka zama cike da haɓakar fungal mai launin kore-baƙar fata.

Jiyya na scab yana buƙatar ɗaukar duk saman tsire-tsire a cikin kayan gwari kamar Dokta Fungicide na Kula da Cututtukan Duniya . Idan ya cancanta, matakai masu ƙarfi sun haɗa da amfani da Bonide Naman Gwari-Onil , amma hanya mai haske ya kamata ta kawar da tabon.

Fusarium kamar matsala ce ta gama gari a cikin lambunan kayan lambu da yawa. A sabbin tsaba-tsire-tsire, ƙwayoyin cuta na Fusarium oxysporum na ƙasa zasu haifar da damping. A cikin tsofaffin shuke-shuke, a hankali zai iya haifar da tsirewar ya mutu kuma ya mutu.

Abun takaici, wannan kwayar cutar tana zaune a cikin ƙasa, kuma duk abin da zata iya kaiwa hari, zata. Shuka iri-iri don kariya mafi kyau. Idan shuka ta nuna alamun fusarium zata, ya kamata a cire ta a lalata don hana ci gaba yaduwar kasa.

Phytophthora kambi da tushen ruɓewa shima hatsari ne ga kokwamba. Wannan yana faruwa ne ta hanyar ƙasa mai daushin ruwa, kuma kusan za'a iya gamawa dashi gaba ɗaya a cikin lambu idan mutum ya samar da kyau-draining ƙasa don shuke-shuke.

Idan ya bunkasa a cikin ƙasarku, ku guji dasa shuki a cikin wannan tabo har tsawon shekaru. Akwai tsire-tsire masu tsayayya don wannan ƙwayar ƙasa kuma.

A ƙarshe, muna da kokwamba mosaic virus . Yadawa mafi yawa ta aphids , wannan kwayar cutar za ta haifar da ganyen kokwamba su yi laushi su zama masu launi cikin launi. 'Ya'yan itace na iya zama masu juyi fiye da na al'ada, ƙirƙirar siffofi marasa kyau, ko su zama kodadde ko greyish.

Hanya mafi kyawu don kare tsirranku daga kamuwa da cutar ta CMV shine a shafe aphids lokacin da suka bayyana a ƙasan ganyen tsire-tsire kumba. Yakamata a cire shuke-shuken da suka kamu don hana yaduwar cutar.

Yawancin nau'ikan kokwamba da yawa suna da tsayayya ga CMV a yanzu, kuma dasa shuki waɗancan ana ƙarfafa su.

Kabeji masu girma

Ina fatan kun shirya don girbi mai yawa na cucumbers, saboda akwai babban zaɓi don zaɓar daga kuma yawancin masu kera nauyi! Menene nau'ikan kokwamba da kuka fi so?