Rosemary Mai Girma: Jagora Don Flaarfin vorasa

Kewayawa da sauri

Anan ga wasu 'yan dalilan da yasa yakamata ku zama mai girma Rosemary a gonarku. Da fari dai, yana da dadi! Yana kara kyau dandano da kamshi ga komai tun daga biredi zuwa kaza; mai sauki ne don amfani kuma akwai don girbi duk shekara zagaye.



Abu na biyu, yana jin ƙanshi mai ban mamaki! Sanya bishiyar rosemary zuwa kwalliya, wreaths, potpourri, ko amfani da mayuka masu mahimmanci a cikin gida don sanya ƙanshin sabo.



yadda za a hana beraye daga gonar

Abu na uku, yana da kyau a gonar! Rosemary za a iya girma a matsayin shinge na ado ko kwalliya a gefen tukunya ko bango. Hakanan zaka iya datse Rosemary a cikin duk abin da fasalin da ke sama ya zama mai ban sha'awa.

A ƙarshe, Rosemary yana da kyau ga lafiyar ku! Karatuttukan kwanan nan sun gano fa'idodin warkewa na wannan ganye mai ban mamaki. Bincike ya nuna cewa Rosemary na taimakawa rage damuwa, inganta nutsuwa, da haɓaka ƙwaƙwalwa. Hakanan an yi amfani da cirewar Rosemary cikin nasara a duka maganin nono da na hanji ta hanji inda aka lura da shi don hana ci gaban ƙwayoyin kansa. Bincike yana gudana a cikin waɗannan yankuna, amma sakamakon yana da alamar bege.



Karanta don koyon komai game da wannan ciyawar mai ban mamaki da yadda ake shuka ta.

Kyakkyawan Kayayyaki Don Girman Rosemary:

Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri

Girma Rosemary
Girma Rosemary yana da sauƙi shekara-zagaye a yawancin yanayi.
Suna na (s) Rosemary
Sunan Kimiyya Salvia rosmarinus
Kwanaki zuwa Girbi Cuttings, shekara 1. Tsaba, shekara 1 zuwa watanni 15
Haske Cikakken rana
Ruwa: Mai jure fari, karancin ruwa
.Asa Sandy, da kyau drained ƙasa
Taki Daidaitawa, lokaci-lokaci
Kwari Rosemary irin ƙwaro, gizo-gizo mites
Cututtuka Maganin fure

Duk Game da Rosemary

Rosemary daga sama
Duba Rosemary daga sama.

Har zuwa kwanan nan, sunan kimiyya na Rosemary shine Rosmarinus officinalis . Ajalin ' hukuma ' an bai wa duk wani ganye da aka sani yana da kayan magani kuma ya fito ne daga ma’anar Latin ‘na shago’ a wasu kalmomin, apothecary. A cikin 2017 bincike game da jigilar DNA na wasu tsire-tsire da aka gano kamance tsakanin rosemary da salvia sun yi girman da ba za a iya watsi da su ba. Rosmarinus officinalis ya kasance cikin jinsi Mai hikima kuma yanzu a hukumance an san shi da Salvia rosmarinus. Dukansu Mai hikima kuma Rosmarinus fito daga dangin mint Lamiaceae. Sunan Rosemary gama gari zai kasance iri ɗaya da sunan Rosmarinus officinalis zai zama daidai da ma'ana.



Alamu zuwa asalin rosemary suna kwance da sunan sa na tsirrai rosmarinus , an ɗauko daga Latin koguna, ma’ana ‘dew’ da marinus , ma'anar 'na teku'. Asalin yankin ne zuwa tsaunuka da yankunan bakin teku na kudancin Turai da Arewacin Afirka inda ƙasa ta talauce kuma take da kyau kuma yanayin yana da dumi da danshi. Duk da wannan asalin na Bahar Rum, Rosemary ya dace sosai da yanayin arewa mai sanyaya. Wasu sabbin kayan shuka na Rosemary suna da juriya ga 14 toF (-10ºC).

Salvia rosmarinus itacen shure shure ne mai ɗaci da ganye mai ɗanɗano. Yana da laushi mai laushi mai laushi-kamar duhu mai duhu mai haske mai haske tare da gefen gefe da launuka masu launin toka / kore mai haske. Jigon yana da launin ruwan kasa amma zai iya bayyana kusan fari saboda irin laushin ganye mai laushi. Ungiyoyin na 5-10 ƙaramin (0.4inch / 1cm) tubular, ana samar da furanni masu ruwa-ruwa biyu a cikin zina a kusa da zangon kuma suna da launi daga shuɗi, ruwan hoda, shunayya, da fari. Furewa tana farawa ne a lokacin bazara amma sau da yawa yakan maimaita a lokacin watannin bazara wanda ke samarda wadataccen ruwa mai laushi ga kwari masu laula.

Mutane ba su da la'akari da yadda girma da katako da tsire-tsire na Rosemary zai iya zama idan aka bar shi zuwa ga na'urorinsa. Sannu a hankali don girma a farkon shekarun, rosemary na iya kaiwa tsayin ƙafa 6-8 (2-2.5metres) kuma daidai yake tsakanin shekaru 10. Ana iya kula da tsire-tsire ta hanyar yankan shekara-shekara don kiyaye su da sarrafawa da kuma samar da sabon sabo mai girma don girbi da yanke don yaduwa.

Akwai nau'o'in girke-girke na Rosemary da yawa da za a zaba daga bambancin wuya, launin fure da ƙarfin ƙanshi. Sun kasu kashi biyu daban, tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire masu girma zuwa tsayi da yaduwar 4-8ft (1.2-2.5m) da kuma murfin ƙasa mai rarrafe ko nau'ikan biye wanda aka fi sani da 'Prostratus Group'. Waɗannan an fi girma a cikin kwantena da manyan duwatsu kuma suna da tsayin inci 2 zuwa 1ft (5-30cm) kuma sun bazu daga 4-8ft (1-2.5m) ya danganta da nau'ikan.

Da ke ƙasa akwai 'yan misalai na al'adun da kuke da sha'awar girma:

  • 'Arp': ingantaccen rosemary mai dacewa tare da kyakkyawan juriya mai sanyi. Halin haɓaka madaidaiciya zuwa 4ft (120cm). Kyakkyawan shuka don masu farawa.
  • 'Miss Jessops Daidai': Kyakkyawan juriya mai sanyi. Ya girma zuwa 4-8ft (1.2- 2.5m). Amfani da shinge mai amfani.
  • Rukunin Prostratus 'Severn Sea': Kyakkyawan al'ada. Tsawo da yadawa, 1.5ft (40cm) zuwa 3ft (90cm).
  • Rukuni a ƙasa 'Rampant Boule'; Yin sujada. Tsawo da yadawa, 1.5ft (40cm) zuwa 2ft (60cm).
  • 'Aureus' Rosemary mai yalwar launin ruwan hoda. Tsawo da yadawa, 2.5ft (80cm) zuwa 2.5ft (80cm).
  • Salvia rosmarinus f. albiflorus: Fure masu yalwa da furanni masu ƙanshi. Shuka dwarf madaidaiciya. Tsawo ya bazu, 2ft (1m) zuwa 5ft (1.5m). Kyakkyawan madadin don dasa shinge na kwalin.

Za a iya amfani da sabo da ganyaye da tushe don ƙara dandano zuwa ɗakunan abinci na abinci daban-daban ko bushe don ajiyar lokaci mai tsawo. Yi amfani da ƙwanƙara mai ƙwanƙwasa kamar ƙuƙumi don riƙe nama ko kayan lambu tare yayin gasawa ko amfani da tsire-tsire na Rosemary azaman burodin ɓoyayyen burodin burodi da gasa

Girman katako ya zama cikakke ga kowane nau'in shuke-shuke na Rosemary. Tushen Rosemary zai iya zama a dace a ƙofar kicin don girbi cikin sauri da sauƙin isa don shigowa cikin gida cikin hunturu idan an yi hasashen sanyi. Shuke-shuken Rosemary zai buƙaci ruwa fiye da wanda yake girma a cikin ƙasa.

me bishiyar macadamia ke kama

Al'adu a duk duniya suna amfani da tsiron Rosemary na dogon lokaci. Tsoffin Girkawa sun ƙone Rosemary a matsayin wani ɓangare na al'adun addini na d and a kuma sun gaskata cewa tsarkakewa ne sosai. Shuka rosemary a cikin lambun shima alama ce ta tunawa ga waɗanda suka shude.

Shuka

Rosemary a cikin fure
Lokacin furanni, Rosemary yana samar da ƙananan ƙananan furanni.

Shuka rosemary a cikin bazara bayan sanyi na ƙarshe ko 'yan makonni kafin farkon sanyi na kaka. Rosemary ta fi son girma cikin kyakkyawan yanayin ƙasa mai kyau a cikin cikakkiyar rana. Kwatsam yanayin zafi da ƙasa mai nauyi zai kashe samari. Shuka rosemary a cikin tukunya idan yanayin ƙasa bai dace ba, ƙara kusan 20% yashi mai kaifi ko tsire-tsire na kayan lambu a cikin takin takin. Tukunyar terracotta tana aiki mafi kyawu don barin ruwa mai yawa ya ƙafe. Rosemary na iya girma cikin gida idan kun samar da wadataccen haske. Kyakkyawan taga mai fuskantar kudu, ɗakunan ajiya, ko kuma greenhouse cikakke ne.

Gerimar Germination na iya zama ƙasa da 30% idan kuka yi girma daga Rosemary daga tsaba, don haka ya fi kyau ku shuka iri fiye da adadin tsire-tsire da kuke buƙata. Rosemary shuke-shuke sune mafi sauki don yadawa daga itacen laushi a lokacin bazara, ko yankakke masu yanke bishiyoyi a ƙarshen bazara / farkon kaka. Da zarar tushensu ya bunkasa cutukan suna shirye don dasa shuki a cikin lambun tazarar tazarar 3ft (90cm).

Rosemary Kulawa

Rosemary yana da sauƙin kulawa da zarar kun sami kayan yau da kullun daidai. Bi sharuɗɗan da ke ƙasa kuma zaku girbi sabon Rosemary cikin ƙanƙanin lokaci!

har yaushe sabbin 'ya'yan apples ɗin da suka tsinke suke wucewa

Rana da Zazzabi

Don samun kyakkyawan sakamako shine girma Rosemary a cikin cikakkiyar rana tare da aƙalla awanni 6-8 na hasken rana a yankuna masu taurin kai na USDA 7 ko sama. Wasu nau'o'in kayan gona za'a iya girma a yankuna masu wahala 5 da 6 tare da kariyar hunturu. Tunanin da Bahar Rum lokacin da aka yi la’akari da yanayin yanayin zafi mai kyau na rosemary, ƙananan 0ºF (-17 ºC) zuwa sama 80-90 ºF (27-32 ºC).

Ruwa da zafi

Rosemary na iya yin dogon lokaci ba tare da ruwa ba sai dai lokacin tsawan fari. Ba kamar shuke-shuke da ake kira broadleaf ba, ganyen kamar rosemary mai kama da allura ba sa so saboda haka yana da wuya a san lokacin da suke buƙatar ruwa. Shuke-shuke a cikin kwantena zasu buƙaci a shayar dasu lokacin da ƙasar ta bushe gaba ɗaya. Ruwa tushe na shuka a matakin ƙasa da safe ta amfani da gwangwani ko soaker tiyo , yana ba wa tsiron dogon sha mai kyau. Bari ƙasa ta bushe tsakanin waterings. Tushen da ke zaune a cikin ƙasa mai ruwa-ruwa na iya haɓaka tushen ruɓa, don haka ya fi kyau kada a sha ruwa a lokacin hunturu. Ganyen Rosemary wanda ya girma cikin ɗumi mai ƙaranci da iska mara kyau yana cikin haɗarin cututtukan fungal.

.Asa

Shuka rosemary a cikin ruwa mai kyau, bushe, ƙasa mai yashi tare da haihuwa zuwa matsakaici haihuwa. Yana jurewa da yalwar ƙasa pH daga 5 zuwa 8 amma yayi girma mafi kyau a cikin ƙasa pH na 6 zuwa 7.5.

Takin taki

Rosemary da yake girma a cikin ƙasa baya buƙatar taki sai dai idan tsiro ya nuna alamun ƙi kamar bushewa, raƙuman rani. A waɗannan lokutan suna ba da abinci mai daidaitaccen ruwa. Organicararen ciyawar da aka saka a gindin Rosemary a ƙarshen kaka, za ta ba da tushen da kariya ta sanyi a lokacin hunturu. Kayan kwalliyar da aka tsiro zata buƙaci daidaitaccen abinci na ruwa a bazara.

Yankan

Ya kamata a datse shuke-shuken Rosemary don kula da girma, fasali da ƙarfafa sabon ci gaba don girbi. Prune shrubs lokacin da furanni suka shuɗe a ƙarshen bazara ko farkon kaka. Yi hankali da kar a yanke wuya da yawa cikin tsohuwar itace saboda tsiron zai yi gwagwarmaya don sake dasawa. Ana iya amfani da tsinkewa azaman yankewa don yaduwa.

Yaduwa

Yana da sauƙi don shuka rosemary daga iri, yankan, da kuma sanya iska. Duba jagoranmu akan yadda za'a yada wannan ganye mai ban mamaki.

Girbi da Adanawa

Rosemary a cikin akwati
Rosemary yayi girma sosai a cikin kwantena, a ciki da waje.

Rosemary za a iya amfani da sabo ko bushe. Bi sharuɗɗan da ke ƙasa don ƙarin bayani kan yadda ake girbi da adana wannan ciyawar mai ɗanɗano.

Girbi

Girbin Rosemary daga shuke-shuke waɗanda aƙalla shekara ɗaya zuwa watanni 15 da haihuwa. Mafi kyawun ɗanɗano yana fitowa ne daga sabon ci gaba wanda yake kore ne ba na itace ba. Yi ƙoƙari kada ku girbe da yawa a lokaci ɗaya daga ɗan tsire-tsire wanda ƙila zai iya murmurewa.

Adanawa

Fresh Rosemary cuttings zai adana na makonni 1-2 a cikin firiji idan an sanya tushe a cikin gilashin ruwa ko an nannade shi a cikin rigar mai danshi. A madadin haka, ana iya yanyankakken ganyen da daskarewa a cikin kankara-kankara ko jakar daskarewa.

Busasshen Rosemary bashi da ƙamshi mai ƙarfi kamar na sabo ko daskarewa, amma zai adana na dogon lokaci. Rataya tushe na Rosemary a ɗaka a cikin sanyi, wuri mai bushe kuma yale shi ya bushe sosai. Idan ya gama bushewa, sai a cire ganye a ajiye a kwandon iska.

Shirya matsala

Trailing Rosemary a cikin tukunya
Branchesanƙanin rassan Rosemary suna lanƙwasa cikin alamu masu ban sha'awa.

Rosemary kyakkyawa ce mai sauƙin shukawa, amma kamar yawancin tsire-tsire akwai abubuwa ɗaya ko biyu da zaku bincika wanda zai iya haifar da matsala ga shuke-shuke na Rosemary.

ta yaya fitilu masu launi daban-daban ke shafar tsiro

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Wata matsala ta tsire-tsire ta Rosemary ta fito daga over-pruning . Idan an yanke rassa da ƙarfi sosai tsire-tsire zai yi ƙoƙari ya murmure kuma zai kasance da katako da tsirara.

Kwari

Rosemary irin ƙwaro ( Chrysolina americana ) yana ciyar da ganyaye da yawa, rosemary, sage, da thyme don kaɗan. Ba za su kashe ko lalata lafiyar tsiron ba amma za su shafi ingancin ganyen girbi yayin da ƙwararriyar ƙwaro da tsutsa ke cin abinci a kansu. Manya ba su kai ¼ inch (6-7mm) tsawo tare da jan ƙarfe mai launin shuɗi da ratsan kore. Larvae masu launin toka / farare ne masu ratsin duhu. Dukansu suna aiki daga bazara zuwa ƙarshen bazara. Matakan sarrafawa sun haɗa da karɓar ƙwaro da ƙwayoyin cuta daga shuke-shuke da abin ya shafa da ƙarfafa namun daji masu farauta a cikin lambun kamar tsuntsaye, kwadi, da ƙwaro ƙasa. Ana iya amfani da magungunan kwari tare da pyrethrins na halitta amma zasu buƙaci aikace-aikace da yawa.

Mizanin gizo-gizo ( Tetranychidae ) manya suna da launin ja-kasa-kasa, suna rayuwa a cikin manyan yankuna kuma suna bunƙasa a cikin yanayin zafi, bushe. Ana iya ganin miyar gizo-gizo a matsayin kyakkyawan yanar gizo tsakanin ganye da tushe. Haka kuma shuke-shuke zasu nuna alamun raguwa yayin da ganyaye suka zama rawaya suka sauka. Suna da juriya ga yawancin kayan magungunan ƙwari a kasuwa don haka yana da kyau a cire tare da lalata mafi munin ɓangarorin da abin ya shafa ko duka tsirrai don hana matsalar yaduwa. Za a iya amfani da man Neem don lalata ƙwai.

Cututtuka

Girma shuke-shuke Rosemary a cikin sanyi, ƙasa mai jika na iya haifar da Tushen shuka suna ruɓewa . Tushen ruɓaɓɓe yana shaƙe shukar yana hana ta samun isassun abubuwan gina jiki. Alamun na Telltale sun hada da rassan reshe kuma sun mutu daga tukwici. Shuka rosemary a cikin ƙasa mai yashi mai yashi da ruwa kawai idan ya cancanta.

Maganin fure cuta ce ta fungal da zata iya shafar rosemary a cikin yanayi mai zafi, mai ɗumi, mai inuwa. Yana girma ne kamar farin ƙura mai kauri akan ganye, yana hana hotuna da kuma hana ci gaba. Ganye daga baya ya zama rawaya ya mutu. Ba zai kashe shukar ba, amma zai rage kuzarinsa da wadatarwa ko ganyen girbi. Don hana fure-fure da ke kula da tsabtar lambun, cire cututtukan ganyayyaki don hana cutar yaduwa da sake kamuwa da cutar a cikin shekaru masu zuwa. Samar da isasshen hasken rana da kuma gujewa yanayin cutar na ci gaba. Yatse wuraren da aka yi cunkoson don ba da damar iska mai kyau. Fesa da kayan gwari irin su sulfur, mai neem, ko potassium bicarbonate kafin ko a farkon ganin cuta.

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Rosemary shinge
Ana iya datse shuke-shuke na Rosemary madaidaiciya don yin shinge.

Tambaya: Ta yaya kuke ƙarfafa Rosemary don girma?

A: Bayar da yanayin haɓaka mai kyau a cikin lambun ku don ƙarfafa tsiron Rosemary ya girma. Wannan ya hada da dasa shuki a cikin kasa mai yashewa kyauta, a cike rana da kuma kawo shuke-shuke da suka girma cikin kwantena a cikin gida don kariya daga sanyin hunturu.

Tambaya: Yaya saurin Rosemary yake girma?

A: Rosemary shuke-shuke suna girma-a hankali. Idan ya girma daga tsaba yana iya ɗaukar tsawon watanni 15 kafin ya kai ga balaga da shekara 1 idan ya girma daga cuts.