Yadda ake Noman wake: Babban Jagora

Kewayawa da sauri

Wake na ɗaya daga cikin tsire-tsire masu ƙarfi da fa'ida da za ku iya shuka a gonar ku. Suna bayar da adadi mai yawa, kuma sune masu gyara nitrogen, ma'ana suna ƙara nitrogen mai mahimmanci a cikin ƙasarku. Koyon yadda ake noman wake ba zai iya samar muku da tarin yawan amfanin gona ba, amma zai iya zama mai kyau ga kasar ku!



Ko ta yaya ake cin su - ana yin harsashi, duka, busasshe, ko sabo - wake shine ɗayan shahararrun kayan marmari a cikin lambun saboda dalilai da yawa.



Suna girma cikin sauƙi kuma akwai wadatattun nau'ikan da zaku iya samun wanda zai dace da kowane yanayi ko haɗuwar yanayin haɓaka wanda yake can. Kuma mafi kyawun duka, suna da ɗanɗano!

Bari mu fara da gajeren bidiyo akan noman wake a cikin tsarin hasumiya a tsaye, sannan mu shiga cikin faɗi da bambancin duniya na dukkan wake.



A lokacin da muka gama, za ku san yadda ake shuka iyakacin duniya wake ko wake na daji don harbawa ko sabo-ci! Kuma koyaushe zaka iya samar da wadataccen wadataccen wannan kayan lambu mai daɗi don firinji ko ɗakin kwanciya.

Wake: Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri

Sunan gama gari Wake
Sunan Kimiyya Phaseolus vulgaris
Lokacin Germination 7-14 kwanaki dangane da cultivar
Kwanaki zuwa Girbi Kwana 50-100 ya danganta da nau'in shuka da nau'in
Haske Cikakken rana
Ruwa Danshi, ko da shayarwa (1 ”ko kasa da sati daya)
Zazzabi 70-85 digiri Fahrenheit ne mafi kyau duka
Zafi Mai jurewa amma na iya haɓaka al'amuran fungal
.Asa Sandy ko silty loam, da kyau-draining
Taki Takin, ko a madadin takin zamani mai sauƙi 5-10-10 kamar yadda ake buƙata.
Kwari Beetles bean na Mexico, miyar gizo-gizo, aphids, thrips, kokwamba beetles, Japan beetles, cutworms, leafhoppers, woodchucks.
Cututtuka Mai saukin kamuwa da sclerotina (fararen fitila), rikicewar kwayar cuta, anthracnose, tsattsen wake, fure mai laushi, da kwayar wake ta mosaic.

Gwargwadon nau'ikan wake

Siyayya don 'ya'yan wake na iya zama ɗan rikitarwa saboda akwai sharuɗɗa da yawa waɗanda ake jefawa. Bush ko sanda? Shelling ko mai gudu? Bari mu zagaya wasu daga cikin ire-iren wadannan wake don fahimtar su dan karin bayani.

Wake Shelling

Yin Yang wake

Wake wake shine yawanci wake da ake so a ci daga kwafon su, ko an bushe shi don ajiya ko sabo ne. Wasu shahararrun nau'ikan wake na wake sun hada da wake ko bakin wake, wake wake, da makamantansu. Duk da yake ana iya cin wasu nau'ikan wake na wake a cikin ƙuruciyarsu ta kore kamar wake kore, yawancinsu suna girma ne don fora seedsan daban-daban.



Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Dainagon90 kwanakinAdzuki wake daga Japan, ƙarshen balaga iri-iri tare da manyan tsaba. Nau'in Bush. Sayi Tsaba
Yin Yang75 kwanakiBugun wake da fari tare da ɗanɗano mai kama da na kunkuru. Halin al'ada. Sayi Tsaba
Idon Tiger75 kwanakiWani lokaci ana kiran Idon Tiger. Wake mai ƙwanƙwasa wanda kuma ana iya cin sa ƙuruciya azaman ƙwanƙwasa wake. Yellowwayar zuriya mai haske. Sayi Tsaba

Pole & Runner Wake

Red Noodle wake kusa da manyan Felco

Gwanin wake da mai gudu suna hawa nau'ikan wake wanda yawanci ana girma kamar wake mai kamawa. Hakanan ana iya shanya waɗannan don ajiya, amma sun zama sananne a matsayin ɗan wake-kwafsa. Wake mai gudu zai iya zama kyakkyawa musamman saboda furanninsu daban. Har ila yau, nau'ikan dogayen sanda yakan haɗa da nau'in wake na 'yadi mai tsawo' tare da dogayen faya-faya.

Bayani ɗaya game da ɗan wake wake mai tsere: waɗannan galibi suna son yanayi mai sanyaya fiye da yawancin ƙirar wake. Idan kana zaune a yankin da ke da ɗan gajeren lokacin girma ko yanayin sanyi, waɗannan na iya zama masu yi maka kyau. Mu da muke zaune a cikin yanayi mai kama da hamada na iya samun wahalar wahalar shuka wake a kan wake.

Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Red Noodle85 kwanakiYawan wake mai launuka iri-iri na burgundy mai tsayi wanda yakai 20 ″. Launi na dushewa idan an dafa shi. Sayi Tsaba
Neran Gudun Laya80 kwanakiKusan 8 ″ dogayen waken wake a kan tsiron dutsen tare da kyawawan furanni ja. Sayi Tsaba
Kentucky Abin Al'ajabiKwanaki 72Nice dogayen koren wake wake a kan tsire mai ƙwazo. Ofaya daga cikin koren wake da na fi so. Sayi Tsaba

Bush Wake

Blue Lake daji wake

Wake wake basa hawa kamar pole wake ko runner wake suna yi. Waɗannan suna kasancewa a cikin ƙarami, taro mai yawa, da wuya suna girma akan 3 ′ tsayi. Hakanan suna son samarwa don gajeren lokaci fiye da nau'in nau'in nau'in. Koyaya, wake na daji suna da kyau ga mutanen da basu da sarari don cin amana kuma zasu iya zama masu ƙwarin gwiwa yayin ƙarancin lokacin su.

yaya nesantar banda dankali
Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Harshen Dragon57 kwanakiLewaƙƙarwar ƙwanƙwasa wake mai launin rawaya mai launin rawaya mai launin shuɗi, baƙon abu sosai Purple ya dushe idan ya dahu. Sayi Tsaba
Tyancin Sarauta na tyan Sarauta60 kwanakiHaske mai haske mai ɗauke da shuɗi wanda ya samo asali akan ƙananan tsire-tsire. Snapaƙƙarfan wake wake ya zama kore yayin dahuwa. Sayi Tsaba
Mai bayarwa50 kwanakiKyawawan nau'ikan wake iri daban-daban tare da launuka masu launin maroon a ciki. Tsarin daji mai ƙarfi. Sayi Tsaba

Wake maras kyau

Wake wake

Wake Edamame, wake fava, da wake lima sun faɗi cikin wannan rukunin, kamar yadda doan ƙananan sanannun sanannun keɓaɓɓu. Wasu tabbas suna da nau'ikan baƙi (kamar edamame ko fava), inda wasu ke da launuka iri-iri kuma ba kasafai ake ganinsu a cikin kasuwancin kasuwa ba.

Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Borlotto Di Vigevano Nano60 kwanaki'Ya'yan suna launin ruwan hoda da fari a cikin sautin kuma suna yin manyan wake. Hakanan za'a iya cin kirim mai yaƙƙƙen fure ko kwaɓaɓɓen rawaya azaman ƙarar wake. Sayi Tsaba
Kore JakaKwanaki 70Gwanin wake kamar Mappe sun fi shahara ga tsiron wake a cikin kwanaki 7-10, amma kuma ana iya nome shi don koren wake. Sayi Tsaba
Vroma75 kwanakiWannan nau'in wake na fava yana samar da manyan kwalaye, kowannensu yana da manyan seedsa seedsan 4-5. Cook kamar wake na shelling. Sayi Tsaba

Shuka wake

Bush wake wake

Kodayake akwai babban zaɓi na wake wanda za'a zaɓa, dukansu suna girma cikin yanayi irin wannan. Bari mu wuce kan kayan yau da kullun!

Yaushe Zasu Shuka Wake

Zaka iya fara shuka wake daga iri sati ɗaya ko biyu kafin ranar ƙarshe da ake tsammanin sanyi.

Don wake daji, ci gaba da dasa shi kusan kowane mako biyu a duk lokacin girma don tabbatar da samar da shi koyaushe. Waɗannan tsire-tsire za su mutu da sauri fiye da yadda iyakokin wake za su mutu.

Yawancin nau'in wake da mai tsere za su samar da duk tsawon lokacin daga innabinsu. Don waɗannan, zaku iya shuka sau ɗaya a farkon lokacin, sannan idan kuna so, fara rukuni na biyu wata ɗaya ko biyu daga baya. Wannan zai ba ku wadatar wake zuwa lokacin girbi. Tabbatar girbi a kai a kai don ƙarfafa ƙarin wake don samarwa.

Ina Shuka wake

Scarlet Runner wake wake

Cikakken rana ya dace da wake, don haka yana da mahimmanci a shuka su a inda zasu sami haske da yawa.

Irin na Bush suna ƙasa da ƙasa, don haka ya kamata ya kasance a wurin da ba za a iya inuwar wasu tsire-tsire ba da gangan ba. Gwanin wake zai iya hawa sama da tsaran sauran nau'ikan nau'ikan tsire-tsire, don haka suna buƙatar zama wani wuri inda za a iya samun tsirrai ko tsarin tallafi.

Kuna iya shuka wake a cikin gadaje masu ɗaukaka ko kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa, tare da fencelines a cikin gadajen lambu, ko kusan ko'ina, idan dai suna da rana da ƙasa mai laima.

Yadda Ake Shuka Wake

Kentucky Wonder matattarar matasa

Ga mafi yawan nau'in wake na daji, dasa 2 ″ baya da 1.5 ″ zurfin layuka don ingantaccen ci gaba. Yin hakan zai baku kyakkyawan shimfidar tabarmar wake kamar yadda suka girma. Shuka wani saita kowane sati biyu don ci gaba da samun girbi na yau da kullun a duk lokacin bazara da damina.

Shuka sandunan dogayen layuka a layuka guda 3 zuwa ƙafa 4 ko kuma layuka biyu tazarar kafa 1 a tsakani. Shuka tsaba inci 2 zurfi da inci 8-10 nesa ba kusa ba. Beanswaron wake zai fitar da inabi mai mahimmanci yayin da yake girma, don haka ana iya yin tazara nesa ba kusa ba fiye da yadda wake wake zai iya.

A madadin haka, zaku iya fara noman sandunanku kafin lokacin sannan kuma kuyi dasawa lokacin da tsironku yakai 6-8 ″. Koyaya, yana da sauƙi mafi sauƙi don kawai shuka kai tsaye kuma bari wake yayi girma da kansa.

Kuna iya shuka iri da yawa kusa da juna idan baku shirin tattara iri. Koyaya, idan zaku girbe iri don dasa shuki a shekara mai zuwa, ku raba nau'ikan shuka daban don kada su tsallaka-tsallake.

Kula da wake

Dragons Harshen wake wake

Muddin wake yana da duk abin da yake buƙata, zai yi girma ba tare da jagora ko gyara daga gare ku ba. Don haka bari mu gudu cikin jerin duk abin da kuke buƙata don haɓaka mafi kyau duka.

Rana

Wake tsirrai ne masu bautar rana, kuma suna buƙatar cikakken rana, koda kuwa a cikin watanni masu zafi. Tabbatar cewa suna da aƙalla awanni takwas na haske a kowace rana zasu samar muku da mafi kyawun girbi.

Zazzabi

Edamame shuka

Geraukar ƙwayar iri ta ragu yayin da zafin ƙasa ya ƙasa da digiri 60 a Fahrenheit. Koyaya, samari shuke-shuke suna haƙuri da yanayin mai sanyaya. Matsakaicin yanayin zafin jiki mafi kyau don kyakkyawan wake shine tsakanin digiri 70 zuwa 85.

Lokacin da yawan zafin jiki ya fara kaiwa digiri 90, furanni zasu saukad da kurangar inabi kuma baƙwan waken ku bazai ci gaba ba. Yana da mahimmanci a shuka wake a farkon shekara don samun amfanin gona kafin zafin lokacin bazara. Kuna iya samun lokacin girbi na biyu idan kun sami sabon tsirrai don isa matakan manya da zarar zafin bazara ya sake dawowa ƙasa.

Shayarwa

Broadbeans a cikin harsashi

Yana da mahimmanci a guji ruwa mai yawa na wake, saboda sun fi son samun daidaitaccen danshi a kusa da asalinsu. Shayarwa zuwa zurfin 4-6 ″ da mulching a kusa da shuke-shuke matasa zai sa su farin ciki kuma ya tilasta su su kafa tushen tushe mai zurfi. Hasken shayarwa yana ƙarfafa su su sami asalinsu kusa da fuskar ƙasa, kuma tsire-tsire sun fi fuskantar haɗari daga kwari da lalacewar zafi.

Drip ban ruwa ko bututun soaker bayar da ƙarin fa'ida don wake - zaka iya sha a duk lokacin da tsirrai suke kamar suna buƙatarsa. Idan kuna shayar da ruwa da hannu tare da abin fesawa ko amfani da abin yayyafa, yi shi da sanyin safiya don haka ganyen tsire-tsire suna da lokacin bushewa da rana. Wannan yana taimakawa rage matsalolin fungal akan ganyen.

Lokaci mafi mahimmanci don shayarwa ya zama mai daidaituwa shine lokacin da kuke tsirar da tsaba da lokacin da tsire-tsire ke fure da haɓaka kwalliyar iri. A waɗancan lokuta, waken ka kamar inci ɗaya na ruwa a kowane mako don ci gaba da samarwa.

.Asa

Bush wake wake

Soilasa mai kyau don wake ita ce yashi mai yashi ko silty. Ya kamata a gyara ƙasan yumbu ya fasa ƙasa kuma ya ba da damar dakin numfashi. Hadawa da wasu takin zamani ko wasu kayan cikin kasar ku kafin dasa shuki zai taimaka wajan kiyaye kasa-kamar kasa daga takin kusa da shuke-shuke. Hakanan, kuna son ƙasa mai bushewa mai kyau wanda ba zai ba da izinin ruwan sha wanda zai nutsar da tsire-tsire ba.

Takin taki

Ana ɗaukar wake a matsayin tsire-tsire mai gyara nitrogen, kuma a zahiri ba masu ciyar da nauyi bane. Don samar da mafi kyawu, zaku iya yin takin da ke cike da ƙwayoyin halitta ta cikin ƙasarku, kuma wannan ya kamata ya samar da yawancin abincin da tsire-tsire suke buƙata. Idan kun ji buƙatar buƙata, zaɓi don takin mai saurin sakin 5-10-10. Guji yawan sinadarin nitrogen domin hakan zai shawo kan tsirran ku don samar da va oran inabi ko ganyaye da flowersasa furanni da poda podan seeda seedan itace.

Horar da Yanke Wake

Kentucky Wonder wake yana da girma akan hadarurruka

Gwanin wake da mai gudu yana buƙatar wani nau'in trellis ya riƙe yayin da suke girma. Kuna so ku tabbatar cewa trellis ɗinku amintacce ne kuma zai iya ɗaukar nauyin tsire-tsire yayin da suke yaɗuwa. Shahararrun zaɓuɓɓuka sun haɗa da trellises na katako, bangarorin shanu na ƙarfe, ko masana'anta na raga waɗanda ƙafafun za su iya nade shi.

Yayinda plantsananan plantsan tsire-tsire ke haɓaka, suna faɗaɗa damuwa kuma suna neman abin da zasu girma tare. A hankali zaku iya ƙarfafa wa ɗ annan hanyoyin tausayawa zuwa ga abin trellis, amma ku mai da hankali kada ku raunata haɓakar matasa. Yawancin lokaci narkar da igiyar sau ɗaya ko sau biyu a cikin ɗan raga ko ƙulla shi a kan trellis zai isa, saboda shukar za ta amintar da kanta daga can.

Dasa bishiyoyi a kusa da goyan bayan tafiya wani aiki ne mai ban sha'awa don gwadawa idan kuna yin lambu tare da yara, amma zai fi wahalar girbin wake fiye da hanya mai sauƙi.

Duk da yake wake na daji baya buƙatar cin amana, zasu iya cin gajiyar tallafi kaɗan. Amfani da wasu igiyoyin tallafi da aka jingina ga igiyoyi na iya ba da ƙarin taimako ga ƙananan shuke-shuke. Koyaya, yana da kyau idan wake naka ya tallafawa kansa a ƙarƙashin ikon kansa, don haka yi ƙoƙari karka basu ƙarin tallafi da yawa!

Yaduwa

Tiger idanun wake

Yakamata a sarrafa wake daga iri. Suna da saurin ci gaba sosai, don haka ba a buƙatar wasu hanyoyin yaduwa.

Dasawa

Idan ka fara tsinkayen wake a tukwane, zaka iya dasa su tun suna kanana, basu wuce 6-8 ″ a tsayi ba. Da zarar sun yi nisa da wannan tsayin, za su riga sun fara baza tushensu kuma ba za su yarda da motsi ba. Gwanen Bush ma basu da juriya na motsi, kuma ya kamata kawai a shuka shi kai tsaye.

Faɗa wake

Idan kuna son yin tsiro daga wake (musamman irin na wake), ku tsabtace wake sosai don cire duk wani tarkace, sannan ku jika tsaba a cikin ruwa na aƙalla awanni 12. Sanya su a wuri mai duhu a cikin korar tire ko tulu, kuma kurkura su sau 2-4 a rana don kiyaye su danshi. Zaka sami tsiran wake a cikin kwanaki 6-10.

Girbi da Adana wake

Ana narkar da wake da kwaya mai kyau

Girbi wake shine abin mamaki mai sauki. Amma me kuke yi da su da zarar kun ɗauke su? Tabbas koyaushe zaka ci su sabo. Na san na yi - kuma suna da daɗi daidai bayan an ɗauke su.

Amma idan kun kasance kamar ni, kuna da hanyar wake da yawa da za ku ci a zama ɗaya. To yaya za ku adana su don amfanin gaba? Bari mu wuce kan wannan.

Girbin wake

Wake wake bushewa akan itacen inabi

Lokacin da koren wake suka kai kimanta girman kwafsa don ire-irensu, girbe su ta hanyar tsinke su daga itacen inabi. Kar a cire su, saboda hakan na iya cutar da itacen inabin. Yakamata su kasance masu ƙarfin isa don sauƙaƙewa ta hanyar.

Idan kuna noman waken da za'a yiwa daskarewa kuma kuna son amfani da su lokacin sabo, zaku iya girbarsu kamar yadda zakuyi koren wake da zarar tsaba a ciki sun kai girma. Bugu da ƙari, kada ku ja kan itacen inabi ko daji don hana lalacewar shuka.

A ƙarshe, idan kuna shirin bushewa da wake, yawancin wake za'a iya barin su bushe akan tsiron. Lokacin da kwalliyar ta bushe gabadayanta, wake zai yi ta hudawa a ciki kuma kwafon ya zama mai matse jiki da na bakin ciki. Girbi lokacin da kashi 90% ko fiye na ganyen shuken suka bushe ya bushe.

Idan yanayin yanayi zai hana waken ku bushewa a cikin lambun, kuna iya jan shuke-shukenku ku rataye su a cikin gida, shuka da duka, don kammala bushewar kwandunan.

Adana Sababbin Wake

Shelling wake don abincin dare

Idan kuna yin kwabin wake kamar su lima ko fava don amfani da su sabo, yana da kyau ku yi amfani da su a ranar da kuka girbe su. In ba haka ba, za ku iya adana su a cikin kwandon ɗinsu a cikin jakar takarda a mafi ɓangaren firij ɗinku na kwana ɗaya ko biyu. Idan an dafa shi, wake da aka toka zai dawwama a cikin firiji har tsawon sati ɗaya.

Hakanan za'a iya daskarar da sabbin wake da aka dasashi. Yi wa wake wake, sannan a ba su laban fam a lokaci guda a cikin ruwa mai ɗan kwari 5. Beansananan wake ya kamata a rufe su na mintina 2, matsakaici ya kai minti 3, kuma babba ne na mintina 4. Sanyaya wake a cikin ruwan kankara bayan shafe tsawon lokaci daidai da yadda kika shafe su, sannan sanya su a cikin wani abun hadin kai kuma barin saman ya bushe.

Yada bargon wake da aka toshe a saman takardar cookie a cikin ɗaki ɗaya kuma sanya shi a cikin injin daskarewa. Da zarar sun gama daskarewa, sai a canza su zuwa buhunan daskarewa sannan a lakafta su da nau'in wake da kwanan wata. Cire iska mai yuwuwa sosai kafin adana a cikin injin daskarewa. Ana iya sanya su a cikin sanyi har zuwa watanni shida.

Adana busasshiyar wake

Scarlet Runner wake

Da zarar kwalliyar wake ta bushe gaba daya, cire su daga kwasfan su. Idan har yanzu suna da taushi ga taɓawa, za ku iya ba su izinin bushewa wasu morean kwanakin da suka bazu a kan takardar kuki a cikin wuri mai duhu, bushe. Kuna iya takin kwandon da aka fanke.

Cire wake daga kwasfan ya kamata ya zama mai sauƙi, amma da zarar an cire shi kuma ya bushe, suna buƙatar daidaitawa. Duk wani wake da ya karye ya kamata a cire. Ana iya amfani da waɗannan kai tsaye amma ba za su riƙe ajiyar ajiyar lokaci ba. Ana iya amfani da na'urar busar da gashi don busa duk wasu tarkace da suka rage ko ƙura.

Da zarar an bushe kuma an jera shi, sanya wake a cikin injin daskarewa na aƙalla awanni 24 don kashe duk wasu kwari da har yanzu ke nan. Hakanan zaku iya adana busassun wake a cikin kwandon iska kamar mason jar tare da fakiti mai ɗanɗano don kiyaye danshi a bay. Kiyaye su a wuri mai sanyi, bushe da duhu kamar kabad har sai an yi amfani da shi.

Adana Sababbin Wake

Dragons Harshen wake

Kamar sabbin wake, sabbin koren wake zasu ɗauki lastan kwanaki (yawanci kwanaki 5-7) a cikin firinji. Ajiye wake da ba a wanke ba a cikin jaka a cikin firiji har sai an yi amfani da shi.

Idan kana son daskare waken ka, wannan ma zabi ne, kamar yadda koren wake ke daskarewa abin mamaki sosai. Kuna buƙatar wanke su sannan kuma ku rufe su kafin daskarewa. Ya kamata a rufe ƙananan wake a cikin ruwan zãfi na mintina 2, matsakaici na mintina 3, kuma babba ne na mintina 4. Da zarar sun bushe, nan da nan a sanya su a cikin ruwan kankara na daidai lokacin da kuka share su, sannan ku tsoma a cikin colander.

Bada busasshen wake ki ya bushe a saman, sannan ki shimfida shi akan shimfida daya akan takardar kuki da daskarewa sosai. Wannan yana hana wakenku su manne tare. Da zarar an daskarewa sosai, zaka iya sanya su cikin jakar daskarewa ta ziplock. Cire iska mai yawa kamar yadda za ku iya daga cikin jakunkunan, yi musu alama da nau'in wake da kwanan wata, sannan ku ajiye a cikin injin daskarewa har na tsawon watanni shida.

Wannan tsari iri ɗaya yana aiki don in-pod edamame, amma kamar yadda ba za ku iya cin kwafon edamame ba, aikin don amfani da wake ya ɗan bambanta da koren wake na daskararre na yau da kullun. Kuna iya kawai narke su kuma ku ci kwandon sanyi da ɗan gishiri, ko za ku iya sake hura su a cikin wasu ruwan gishiri a kan kuka ko a cikin microwave.

Sauran Hanyoyin Kula Da Sababbin Wake

Kakin zuma

Kuna iya adana wake ta hanyar gwangwani, duka na shinge da duka nau'ikan sabo. Koyaya, wannan tsari yana buƙatar a matashin gwangwani don tabbatar da cewa babu haɗarin botulism. Bi kwatance na masana'antun gwangwani, ko samo girke-girke mai daraja don gwangwani ga ƙananan abinci mai ƙarancin acid kamar wake.

A madadin haka, zaku iya yin yankakken wake gwangwani. Koren wake na iya yin ɗanɗano mai kyau, a zahiri. Kamar yadda wake da aka zaba yana da mafi yawan abun ciki na acid, ana iya yin gwangwani ta amfani da hanyar wanka na ruwa ko adana shi a cikin firiji.

Hakanan za'a iya kiyaye wake mara kyau ta hanyar bushewa ko bushewa. Tabbatar da wankewa da kuma baye wake a farko, sannan a busar da waje sosai kafin a saka shi a cikin mai bushewa ko bushewa. Bi umarnin mai yin bushewar ku ko kuma daskararren masana'antar mai bushewa don bushe waɗannan a cikin chunkoshin abun ciye-ciye ko zaɓi na dogon lokaci.

Shirya matsala

Akwai matsaloli masu yawa wadanda zasu iya tasiri ga wake. Daga sauki-to-gyara al'amurran ta hanyar mafi rikitarwa da kuma yiwuwar shuka-m matsaloli, bari mu tafi a kan duk abin da zai iya sa your wake amfanin gona ya gaza.

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Bush wake yana tallafawa

Idan kana lura da furannin ka suna fadowa daga itacen inabi, yana da sanyi sosai ko yayi zafi don tsiron ya sanya fruita fruitan itace. Yanayin zafin da ke ƙasa da digiri 55 na iya sa shuka ku fara yunƙurin kare kanta daga yanayin mai sanyaya. Fiye da digiri 90, tsirranku na ƙoƙarin kiyaye kansa da rai cikin zafi. Duk da cewa kawai abin da zai gyara yanayin yanayin zafi shine yanayin sanyaya mai kyau ko kuma wataƙila wasu mayafin inuwa, akwai mafita ga yanayin sanyi. Yaɗa abin rufe layuka kan tsire-tsire don ba su ƙarin ɗumi.

menene mafi kyawun shara?

Tsaba ba germinating? Wataƙila ƙasar tana da sanyi sosai. Seedsaƙan wake ba za su tsiro ba har sai yawan zafin ƙasa ya ci gaba sama da digiri 60, kuma sun fi son zafin jiki na waje ya kasance cikin shekaru 70 don mafi kyawun ƙarfin ci gaba. Zaka iya sanya firam mai sanyi akan ƙasa don ƙoƙarin ƙara ɗan ƙarin dumi, ko dasa shuki a cikin gadaje masu tasowa waɗanda zasu iya zama masu sauri da sauri. A madadin, kawai jira kadan don shuka.

Kwari

Ganyen wake tare da lalacewar kwari

Akwai nau'ikan kwari iri-iri wadanda zasu kawo muku wake wake cikin farin ciki, amma mafi munin shine Bewaron wake na Mexico . Wadannan beetles zasu hanzarta kwararar da ganyen tsire-tsirenka kuma su bata maka wake. Cire su daga tsire-tsire da hannu, kuma ka kiyaye su daga jingina ta hanyar fesawa tsire-tsireka da maganin azadirachtin kamar Azatrol EC .

Itesan gizo-gizo , aphids kuma cincin zai iya tsotse ruwan ruwan daga cikin ganyen wake, ya haifar musu da launin rawaya, juyewa zuwa ciki, ko gurbata shi. Don magance waɗannan ƙananan ƙwayoyin gonar, ku fantsama dukkan sassan tsire-tsiren wake ku dauki mai .

Manya kokwamba beetles zai hango ramuka a cikin ganyen tsire-tsire yayin matakan larva zasu afkawa tushen. Yin amfani da maganin feshi na pyrethrin kamar Alamar Yakin Lafiya da Fesa Aljanna zai taimaka wajen share wadannan kwari.

Jafananci beetles Har ila yau, da farin ciki za a tauna ganyen wake cikin kananan tattasai. Komawa waɗannan kwari kwari sosai dauki mai .

Da fiska a zahiri zai sanya ƙananan ƙwayoyin wake su durƙushe a gindi, a tauna su cikin tsabta. Yi amfani da bacillus thurigiensis spray kamar Monterey BT don kashe waɗannan ƙananan kwari.

Takaddun ganyayyaki , kuma, na iya samun tsirranku su zama abubuwan da ake so. Tare da taimakon samfura kamar Bon-Neem , zaka iya share wadannan kwari daga gonarka.

Aƙarshe, abin ban mamaki da ba kwaro ba wanda mafi yawansu basuyi la’akari dashi ba shine itacen katako. Duk da yake ba wani abu bane karami da hanzari-kiwo, wannan ba zai sa ya zama ƙasa da haɗari ba! Woodchucks zasu cinye amfanin gonarku idan ba a kula ba. Zaku iya yayyafa kayan abinci na jini da barkono barkono a kusa da lambun ku don hana wadannan kwari, ko amfani da feshi mai feshi don kiyaye su a bakin ruwa. Idan waɗannan zaɓuɓɓukan ba su aiki ba, ƙila za ku nemi tarko da tuntuɓar kula da dabbobi don jan su.

Beanswallan kwaya mai laushi mai laushi tare da lalacewar kwari

Cututtuka

Sclerotina , wanda aka fi sani da farin mould, cuta ce ta fungal ta wake - musamman waken soya. Duk da yake akwai kwararrun kayan gwari wadanda za a iya amfani da su don magance wannan cutar, akwai 'yan hanyoyin zabin da za a iya amfani da su. Mafita mafi kyawu ga matsakaitan lambu gida shine kaucewa musabbabin fararen fata. Guji rigar ganye mai ɗorewa wanda zai iya haifar da lamuran fungal, cire tarkace da fadojin tsire-tsire daga kusa da tushen shukar, da kiyaye tsabtar lambun mai kyau.

Da wake mosaic virus yana daya daga cikin nau'ikan kwayar mosaic da ke yaduwa daga ganyen ganye da aphids. Da zarar tsire-tsiren ku sun shafi, babu warkarwa ga wannan kwayar, kuma duk tsire-tsire masu tasiri suna buƙatar cirewa da lalata su. Don haka, mafi kyawun kariyar ku shine rigakafi. Guji ɓarkewar aphid da leafhopper. Sarrafa ciyawa da cire tarkacen tsire-tsire. Kuna iya amfani da murfin layin shawagi a kan tsire-tsire don samar da ɗan kariya mai sauƙi idan yanayin bai yi zafi ba kuma.

Dukansu anthracnose kuma tsatsan wake wasu cututtukan fungal ne wadanda zasu iya shafar shuke-shuke a cikin yanayin danshi-danshi, yanayin tarkace. Tsabtace lambun da ke kusa da tsiron wake yana da mahimmanci! Hakanan, kiyaye ganyen bushe don hana yaduwar fungal. Akwai nau'o'in noma masu yawa waɗanda ke da tsayayya ga waɗannan cututtukan fungal, don haka dasa iri mai ƙarfi na iya hana ɓarkewar cuta.

Mildew mara nauyi matsala ce ta musamman akan wake na lima, kodayake yana iya zama matsala ga sauran manyan wake na wake kamar favas ma. Guji yanayin-danshi mai yawa, kuma kula da yanayin iska mai kyau a kusa da shukokin ku. A dauki mai feshi na iya taimakawa wajen rage yaduwar futowar fure, anthracnose, da kuma tsattsar wake.

A ƙarshe, kwayan cuta na cuta na iya faruwa idan kwayoyin cuta suka ɓullo a saman saman ganyen rigar kuma iska ta gamu da cikas. Guji cinye tsire-tsiren wake ku kuma tabbatar suna da yawo a iska. Hakanan, guji shayarwa da rana ko yamma lokacin da ruwa zai daɗe a tsire-tsire. Samun tsarin ruwa iri-iri kamar ruwan hoda don kiyaye danshi daga ganyen shukar ka kyakkyawan zabi ne.

Pole Wake