Yadda Ake Shuka Alayyafo Hanya Madaidaiciya

Alayyafo shine ɗayan mafi kyawun yanayin sanyi-wanda zaka iya shuka. Tana fitar da dumbin amfanin gona, koren ganye masu ɗanɗano wanda ya zama ruwan dare gama gari a cikin salat kuma yawancin abincin da zaka iya bulala dasu a ɗakin girki Amma shin ka san yadda ake noman alayyaho?

Mai wadata a cikin bitamin B masu haɗari, da bitamin K, A, da ƙari mai yawa, alayyafo na ɗaya daga cikin lafiyayyun ganyen da muke da su. Yana da wadataccen ƙarfe da manganese, kuma yana da ƙarancin zaren fiber na kayan lambu mai ganye. Sarkin ganyen salati, shi ma ƙari ne mai ban sha'awa ga yawancin abincin da aka dafa, kuma har ma ana iya saka shi zuwa masu laushi don ƙarin haɓakar bitamin.



Ba wai kawai abinci ne mai ban mamaki ba, amma yana da sauƙi mai sauƙi don haɓaka, idan har kuna bin stepsan matakai na asali. Don haka bari muyi magana game da yadda ake shuka alayyafo, da kuma hanyoyin mafi kyau don samar da babban wadatar wannan gidan abinci mai gina jiki!



Kyakkyawan Kayayyaki Don yaƙi da Pariƙar Spinach:

Kyakkyawan Kayayyaki Don Kare Cututtukan Auduga:



Alayyafo: Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri

Yadda Ake Shuka Alayyafo
Sunan gama gari Alayyafo
Sunan Kimiyya Spinacea oleracia
Lokacin Germination 8-15 kwanakin
Kwanaki zuwa Girbi 40ish, ya bambanta da iri-iri
Haske Cikakken rana don raba inuwa
Ruwa Kimanin 1 ”a sati
Zazzabi Lokacin sanyi, digiri 60-75 sun fi so
Zafi Iya jure wasu zafi
.Asa Ruwa mai kyau, ƙasa mai alkaline
Taki Babban taki nitrogen da takin zamani
Kwari Leawoyin ƙwai, kwarkwata, aphids, tsutsotsi, kwarjin sojoji, masu sarrafa ganye, slugs, katantanwa
Cututtuka Muguwar daddawa, fure mai fulawa, farin tsatsa, anthracnose, tabin ganyayyakin cercospora, alayyafo mai zafin nama, fusarium zai so

Shawarwarin Irin Alayyafo

Duk da cewa akwai abubuwa da yawa da ake kira alayyafo, gami da wasu abubuwa masu banƙyama kamar chard, amma alayyafo tana da sunan botinical Spinacea oleracia. An yi imani da cewa ya samo asali ne daga Farisa ta dā, ya bazu nan da nan daga Indiya zuwa China, sannan kuma a ko'ina cikin duniya.

A halin yanzu ana sayar da nau'in alayyafo guda uku a yau. Waɗannan su ne savoy ko alayyayayye-ganyen alayyafo, alayyafo ganye mai laushi, da kuma nau'ikan gauraye na Semi-savoy.

Iri-iri Savoy

Bloomsdale alayyafo

Lokacin da kuka je babban kanti, da alama savoy spinach shine abin da zaku gani a cikin hanyar samfuran. Nau'o'in Savoy suna da siffar ganye mai laushi, kuma suna aiki da kyau don cin abinci sabo.



Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Bloomsdale 50 kwanaki Heirloom savoy iri-iri daga 1925, shahararren mashahuri. Mai jure yanayin sanyi. Sayi Tsaba
Hawa 43 kwanaki Flavoranɗano mai sauƙi, ɗabi'a madaidaiciya, juriya mai dusar ƙanƙara, da kuma son ƙullawa. Sayi Tsaba
Amurka 43 kwanaki Ganye mai kauri cikakke cikakke don daskarewa, gwangwani, ko sabon amfani. Sayi Tsaba
Mataki 38 kwanaki Irin savoy mai saurin girma. Bolt da cutar-juriya. Sayi Tsaba

Nau'in Lebur-Leba

Red kyanwa alayyafo

Duk da yake wadannan nau'ikan alayyalan suna da banbanci da savoy saboda sanyinsu, ganyayyun da ba'a sansu ba, har yanzu suna alayyafo! Mafi sauƙin tsaftacewa fiye da irin savoy, ana amfani da nau'ikan alayyahu masu laushi don sarrafawa a cikin alayyahu mai sanyi ko na gwangwani. Hakanan suna aiki da kyau a cikin sauran aikace-aikacen dafaffen inda siffar ganye ba ta iya ganowa ba.

Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Red Kitten 40 kwana Matsakaici kore ganye tare da ja mai tushe. Babban juriya ga sanyin mara. Sayi Tsaba
Akarenso 50 kwanaki Serananan nau'ikan alayyafo na Jafananci tare da tushe mai kalar ja-shunayya. Flavoramshi mai sauƙi. Sayi Tsaba
Ganyen Jarirai 40 kwana Kananan ganye, karami kadan. Mai gabatarwa na farko. Sauƙi a tsaftace. Sayi Tsaba
Sabuntawa 42 kwanaki Succulent, zagaye duhu kore ganye. Nau'in matasan tare da ci gaba mai ɗorewa. Sayi Tsaba
Babbar Nobel 48 kwanaki Magaji daga 1920's. Babban tsire-tsire, yada al'ada. Sannu a hankali. Sayi Tsaba

Semi-Savoy Iri-iri

Alayyafo na kada

Haɗuwa da nau'in lebe-fure da nau'ikan alayyafo na auduga sun samar da rabin-savoy. Yana da wasu daga cikin sauƙin tsaftar fa'idodi na ire-iren ganye masu laushi, amma yana aiki sosai a cikin sabo da girke girke.

Iri-iri Lokacin Girma Bayani Inda Sayi
Hummingbird 29 kwanaki Babban haɓakar mildew, mai saurin girma. Mai kyau don samar da ganyen jarirai. Sayi Tsaba
Gefen teku 40 kwana Tsayayya ga ƙwanƙwasa zafi, rabin ganye mai santsi. Downy fure mai danshi Sayi Tsaba
Amsa 42 kwanaki Gerarfin ƙwaya mai ƙarfi. Cutar da juriya tare da haɓaka iri ɗaya, babban dandano. Sayi Tsaba
Carmel 25 kwanaki Mai saurin girma, alayyafo mai daidaitaccen yanayi tare da juriya mai dusar ƙanƙara. Sayi Tsaba
Okame 50 kwanaki Sannu a hankali kuma zai iya ɗaukar yanayin zafi mai zafi. Downy mildew-resistant. Sayi Tsaba
Kada 45 kwanaki Resistantarancin zafi mai ƙarfi. Mai girma kamar duka jaririn jariri da girma. Sayi Tsaba

Sauran nau'ikan 'Alayyafo'

Waɗannan wasu tsire-tsire galibi suna rikicewa da Spinacea oleracia kuma ana kiran su alayyafo. Duk da yake suna iya zama kama da yadda ake amfani da su da kyau, ba iri ɗaya suke ba. Koyaya, suna iya shahara sosai. Sau da yawa ana samun irin waɗannan tsire-tsire tare da alayyafo a cikin kasidu ko kan layi.

yadda girman yin hass bishiyoyin avocado suke samu

Chard , wanda aka fi sani da chard na Switzerland, galibi ana kiransa “alayyahu mai gwoza” ko “alayyafo na har abada”. Duk da yake bashi da alaƙa, ana yawan girma dashi don ganyen ganye kuma, kodayake ana iya cinye sandunan.

Alayyafo na Strawberry suna ne gama gari ga Blitum capitatum, wanda aka fi sani da Chenopodium capitatum ko strawberry blite. Wannan tsiron yana samar da ganyayyaki masu ci, amma galibi ana girma ne don fruita fruitan itacen jan ja mai haske.

Red alayyafo (Chenopodium berlandieri) ya yadu kamar tsiron ciyawa. Fiye da aka fi sani da jan lamban rago ko goosefoot, wannan tsire-tsire musamman yana samar da ganye mai ci. Ba alayyahu na gaskiya bane, amma yana da irin wannan dandano yayin dafa shi.

Shuka alayyafo

tushe na alayyafo shuke-shuke

Duk da yake da alama abu ne mai sauki don shuka alayyafo, akwai iyakantaccen taga na lokaci wanda ya kamata ku dasa shi. Anan ne yaushe, inda, da kuma yadda za ku dasa alayyar ku don yanayin haɓakar mafi kyau.

Yaushe Zasu Shuka Alayyafo

Farkon bazara da lokacin bazara sune lokutan biyu na shekara lokacin da alayyafo zai fi zuwa cikakken balaga kafin a toho. Yanayi mai zafi zai sa mafi yawan alayyafo su juya zuwa samar da iri, wanda ke rage ingancin ganye don dalilai na cin abinci.

Dasa tsaba da zaran za a iya yin amfani da ƙasa a cikin bazara ita ce hanya mafi kyau don samun cikakken amfanin gona kafin yanayin ya fara zafi. A zahiri za ku iya dasawa kafin sanyi na ƙarshe a yawancin yankuna, amma tsaba ba za ta tsiro ba sai dai idan zafin ƙasa ya haura 40, kuma yana iya zama tsarin ci gaba a hankali.

Idan kuna son samun daidaitaccen girbi kuma suna cikin yankin inda tsayayyen bazara mai yuwuwa, zaku iya shuka seeda seeda kowane kwana goma ko don haka don kiyaye sabon ci gaba na yau da kullun. Tabbatar cewa kada ku cinye tsire-tsire ku.

A sassa da yawa na duniya, amfanin gona na karo na biyu ma yana yiwuwa, kuma yawancin alayyafo suna da ɗan jurewar sanyi. Dogaro da yanayin yanayinku na yau da kullun, zaku iya shuka ƙwararun faduwa daga watan Agusta zuwa Satumba kuma girbi da kyau zuwa ƙarshen ƙarshen shekarar.

Waɗanda suke cikin ƙauyen Kalifoniya ko wasu mahalli masu ɗumi na iya haɓaka alayyafo daga faɗuwa duk cikin hunturu har zuwa cikin bazara!

Ina Shuka Alayyafo

Zai fi kyau ka dasa alayyafan ka a wani yanki mai daushin ƙasa wanda aka yi aiki aƙalla ƙafa ɗaya mai zurfin ƙasa don sauƙaƙe matattarar ƙasa. Alayyafo zai yi girma sosai a gadajen da aka ɗaga, masu shuka, ko kuma kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa.

Koyaya, yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa spinan alayyafo basa tsiro sosai a yanayin ƙasa sama da digiri 85 na Fahrenheit. Kamar yadda gadaje masu tasowa na iya haɓaka dumi ƙasa da sauri, tabbatar da bincika zafin jikinku kafin dasa shuki. Hakanan, zaɓi wuri inda zaku ba da tabbacin yanayin sanyi mai ma'ana don lokacin girma, saboda wannan zai taimaka hana ƙwanƙwasawa.

Ana iya dasa alayyafo a yawancin yankuna na farfajiyar da ke samun aƙalla sa’o’i shida na hasken rana kowace rana. Idan kuna da wurare masu inuwa kaɗan, hakan yayi kyau, amma zai karɓi rana da yawa, kuma.

yadda za a gina lambun kayan lambu a rufe

Yadda Ake shuka Alayyafo

Ga yawancin nau'ikan alayyafo, ana ba da shawarar dasa su a layuka waɗanda ke tazara 12 ″ baya. Shuka iri kowane inch ko makamancin haka a jere, sai ku rufe ƙasa da 1/4 ″ zuwa 1/2 ″. Yayinda plantsan tsirrai ke fitowa, tantance shuke-shuke matasa don taurin kansu da siraran su zuwa 4-6 ″ baya.

Idan kuna girma don girbe alayyakin jariri, zaku iya shuka kusa kusa da juna kuma ku tsananta ma, har ma da watsa iri tare da 1/4 ″ na ƙasa da aka ƙara saman haka daga baya. Sanya shi zuwa akalla 3 ″ baya da girbi yayin da shukar ta kai 5-6 ″ a tsayi.

Yi hankali: cushe tsire-tsire na alayyafo zai haifar da tsire-tsire masu rauni, ci gaba, da saurin rufewa. Duk lokacin da zai yiwu, guji cunkoson jama'a!

Kulawa da Shuke-shuke Alayyafo

Ganyen alayyahu yana tara ƙura

A cikin yanayin da ya dace, alayyafo tsire-tsire ne mai tsananin wuya. Amma idan yanayin bai yi daidai ba, amfanin gonarku zai wahala. Bari mu wuce kan mafi kyawun yanayi don samar da ingantaccen ci gaba.

Rana

Cikakken rana zuwa m inuwa bada shawarar don alayyafo. Zai iya girma cikin yanayi mai inuwa, amma yakamata ya sami ƙasa da awanni shida na cikakken rana kowace rana don ci gaban shuka.

Zazzabi

Yanayi tsakanin 60-65 digiri Fahrenheit kusan daidai yake don ci gaban alayyafo. Yayinda wasu nau'ikan alayyafo suke da tsananin sanyi-kuma suna iya ɗaukar sanyi a cikin yanayin daskarewa, yawan ganyayyakinsu yana raguwa sosai yayin da yanayin zafin yake sauka.

Hakanan, yanayi mai ɗumi-ɗumi zai gaya wa alayyar ku cewa lokaci ya yi da za ku samar da iri kuma ku shirya mutuwa saboda ƙarancin zafi. Zasu iya rufewa da sauri, suna haifar da ɗanɗano ganye da tsire-tsire masu kasawa. Da zarar yanayi ya zama ya kan 85, alayyafo ba zai yi farin ciki ba. A wasu lokuta zaku iya samar da rigar inuwa ta cikin zafin rana don rage yanayin zafin da ke kewaye da shukar ku, amma ba zai yi aiki ba na dogon lokaci.

Shayarwa

Danshi mai mahimmanci yana da mahimmanci ga alayyafo. Yawancin tsire-tsire za su saukar da zurfin zurfin zurfin da sauran ƙananan sifofin sirara. Proaƙarin zai bincika zurfin ƙasa don neman ruwa, amma sauran asalin suna buƙatar danshi ma!

Kusan 1 ″ na ruwa a kowane mako ya dace da alayyafo, amma a ɗan yanayi mai ɗan dumi ka iya narkar da hakan zuwa 1.5 ″. Ruwa na yau da kullun, mara zurfin ruwa ya fi ruwa mai nauyi ɗaya nauyi. Ban ruwa a hankali-mai kyau ga waɗannan tsire-tsire.

.Asa

Renegade alayyafo

‘Yan kwanaki zuwa mako kafin dasa alayyafan ku, ku yi aikin takin mai magani da sannu-sannu, taki mai narkar da nitrogen a cikin kasar da za ku shuka. Wannan zai sa tsirran ku su fara farawa. Tare da wannan tsiron, yana da kyau a shirya a gaba maimakon haɗarin tsire-tsire masu rauni.

Soilasa mai kyau tana da mahimmanci don tsire-tsire na alayyafo, saboda ba za su haƙura da ruwa mai yawa da yawa ba. Sun kuma fi son ƙasa da ke ɗan alkaline, a cikin 7.0 ko ɗan ƙarami kaɗan.

Takin taki

Kamar yadda aka ambata a cikin ɓangaren ƙasa, yawancin taki ɗin ku ya zo ne daga tsarin shirye-shiryen ƙasa na farko. Koyaya, da zarar kun dasa tsaba kuma sun yi toho, ku kula dasu su samar da aƙalla ganye huɗu. Da zarar akwai ganye matasa huɗu a wurin, zaku iya ƙara ƙarin kashi na takin mai-nitrogen mai ruwa kusa da gindin shukar ku.

Kuna iya yin sutura ta gefe tare da jinkirin sakin takin gargajiya a maimakon takin mai ruwa. Yi haka cikin taka tsantsan, kuma ka tabbata cewa babu ɗayan ƙwaya wanda ya taɓa shuka ko tushen tushen. Mafi girman sinadarin nitrogen a cikin wadannan takin na iya haifar da zafi. Ya kamata a yi amfani da waɗannan takin mai magani a cikin inci na sama ko na ƙasa 'yan inci kaɗan daga shukar kanta, kuma ya kamata a shayar da shi sosai.

Yankan

Yawanci, abin da kawai ake so a yi don alayyafo shine a girbe ganyen a lokacin da ake yin sa. Alayyafo shuki ne na shekara-shekara; da zarar ya zama iri, tsawon rayuwar sa ya cika kuma banda yiwuwar girbe irin da za'a iya cire shuka.

Kamar sauran kayan lambu masu ganye, yana da kyau koyaushe a girbe ganye daga tsire don ƙarfafa saurin ci gaba.

Yaduwa

Alayyafo tayi

Ba kamar sauran tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire ba, alayyafo ba ta yin girma daga yankewa, saboda ganyaye da tushe ba za su sami sabon tushe ba.

Batirin mai goge abun goge tare da ruwa

Ya kamata ku dasa daga sabbin undera underan ƙasa da shekara guda. Ana iya adana iri na alayyaki na aan shekaru a cikin zaɓuɓɓukan ajiyar iri na al'ada, amma ƙananan seedsa losean suna rasa ikon yin tsiro yayin da suka tsufa. Fakitin kwaya mai shekaru biyu na iya samun kashi 50% ko plantsasa da tsire-tsire ya tsiro, inda sabon fakiti zai iya samun tsiro 95%.

Dasawa

Zai yiwu a dasa alayyafo… Ba zan ba da shawarar ba idan an fara girma a cikin akwati!

Saboda doguwar taproot da alayyafo take samarwa, zata iya yin saurin girma fiye da kowane kwantena. Taproot zai ci gaba da kokarin bunkasa kasa, kuma yana iya karkacewa a cikin akwatin.

Zai fi kyau kawai a shuka alayyafo kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa a matsayin seeda andan kuma a ba shi damar haɓaka koyaushe. Yayinda kake rage tsirrai, zaka iya sanya nutsuwa a hankali don karin tsire-tsire kuma ka sake dasa su a wani wuri idan har kana samun duka tushen, ta haka zaka kara yawan alayyaho da kake dashi.

Girbi da Adana Alayyafo

Da zarar kun sami tarin alayyafo na alayyafo, tabbas lokaci yayi da za ku fara girbin amfanin ku! Amma ta yaya kuke girbe alayyafo don mafi kyawun ɗanɗano, kuma tsawon yaushe zaku iya adana shi? Bari muyi magana game da wannan.

Girbin Girbi

Yaya sauri alayyafo ke girma?

Da zaran tsironku yana da yawan ganye, zaku iya fara girbi. Mutane da yawa sun gwammace su jira har sai shukar tasu ta sami ci gaban ganye mai kyau, amma alayyafo kuma ana iya girma kamar tsiro ko microgreens .

Don girbe ganyen alayyahu, jira har sai an samar da rosette na aƙalla ganye biyar zuwa shida, sannan girbi. Kuna iya zaɓar ko dai ku ɗage bishiyar kaɗan a ƙasa da ganyen, ko ku tsinke duka saman tsiron. Idan kun cire duk ganyen, shukar ba zata girma ba, saboda haka idan kun shirya girbe alayyahu, a kai a kai ku sake shuka dan cigaba da samar da kayan.

Za'a iya girbe shuke-shuke tsofaffin alayyahu ta hanyar yankan ganye a tushe tare da almakashi. Hakanan zaka iya zaɓar don amfani da thumbnail don yanki ta cikin dasassun tushe. Tabbatar barin aƙalla ɓangaren ganyen ganye akan ganye - cire duka ƙwanjiyar zai sa ganye ya yi sauri da sauri.

Kasance mai saukin kai yayin girkin alayyahu. Ganyayyaki na iya yin rauni cikin sauƙi, kuma raunin zai sa su raguwa da sauri.

Yana da kyau karka wanke alayyahu kai tsaye bayan girbi idan zaka yi kokarin adana sabo alayyahu. Wanke shi kafin amfani dashi don hana fashewa ko fashewar ganye.

Don tsabtace shi, cika babban kwano da ruwan sanyi sannan sanya alayyahu a ciki. Yi shi akai-akai a ƙarƙashin ruwan, sannan a hankali a tsoma alayyahu sannan a cika kwanon. Maimaita har sai ba a ganin datti ko tarkace a cikin ruwa ko a ƙasan kwanon.

Zaku iya amfani da alawar salatin don busar da alayyar ku ko kuma kawai ku tsabtace shi sosai a cikin wani abun ciki sannan ku shimfiɗa shi ya bushe a cikin wuri mai sanyi, mai iska mai kyau. Kada a adana alayyahu yayin da yake da danshi, domin hakan zai hanzarta saurin lalacewarsa.

Adana Sabon Alayyafo

sabo alayyahu

Da zarar an ɗauka, kun fara agogo - sabo alayyafo baya kiyayewa ko na tsawon lokaci. A jefar da duk wani abin da ya lalace ko ya canza launi, sai a sa su cikin firiji da sauri.

Idan kun bar tsinkayyar adadin ganyayyaki akan ganyenku, zaku iya amfani da itacen don taimakawa haɗa ganyen tare. Sanya yankakken da aka yanke a cikin tawul din takarda don taimakawa daukar duk wani danshi, kuma adana alayyahu a cikin jakar filastik a cikin firinji. Cire duk iska mai yawa daga cikin jaka zai taimaka rage tasirin danshi a ciki, shima.

An adana ta wannan hanyar, ana iya adana alayyar a cikin firinji a zazzabin digiri 41-48 na kimanin kwanaki goma. Koyaya, kuna buƙatar bincika shi akai-akai don tabbatar da cewa baya ruɓewa ko ɓarnata a cikin jakarsa.

Hakanan zaka iya adana alayyar ka don amfani ta gaba ta daskarewa, gwangwani, ko bushe shi.

Alayyafo mai auduga

Don daskare alayyafo, fara da wanke ganyen sosai. Da zarar sun yi tsabta, cire duk abin da ya lalace, ya bushe, mara lafiya ko mara launi, sannan ya bushe ganyen alayyahu gaba ɗaya. Spin salat na iya cire mafi yawan danshi, amma kuma zaka iya share ƙarin danshi da tawul.

Idan kun shirya yin amfani da alayyar ku a tsakanin watanni shida, bai kamata ku share shi kafin daskarewa ba. Kawai sanya ganyen alayyahu da suka bushe a cikin jakar daskarewa, latsa duk iska mai iska, kuma sanya shi kai tsaye cikin injin daskarewa. Za'a iya yage manyan ganye idan ana so.

A zahiri za ku iya haɗa alayyafo a cikin jaka yadda za ku iya dacewa - saboda za a yi amfani da wannan alayyar ne kawai don dalilan dafa abinci, lalacewar ganye ba za a iya lura da shi daga baya ba. Lokacin sake amfani da shi, kawai za a iya cire alayyafo na alayyahu sannan a ɗora shi a kan duk abin da za a dafa.

Don ajiyar daskarewa na dogon lokaci, toshe ganyen alayyahu kafin adana shi. Kada a rufe tafasasshen ruwa domin wannan zai fitar da sinadarai masu yawa da dandanon ganye. Madadin haka, sanya koren ka a cikin jakar da za a sake gyarawa, ka sanya su a cikin microwave na minti ɗaya, sannan kai tsaye cikin injin daskarewa. Tabbatar cire duk iska mai yawa a cikin jaka kafin daskarewa!

Hakanan zaka iya rufe alayyafo ta tururin ganyen na kimanin minti ɗaya idan ba ka son amfani da microwave.

Cancan Alayyafo

lebur ganyen alayyahu

Alayyafu abinci ne mai ƙarancin acid, saboda haka dole ne a yi gwangwani tare da matashin gwangwani don kaucewa haɗarin botulism.

Ka tsaftace alayyahu sosai, ka watsar da duk wani launi, kwari da ya lalace, cuta ko kuma busasshiyar ganye. Idan akwai wani mai ƙarfi mai tushe, cire su. Bayan haka, sanya kimanin fam na alayyafo a lokaci guda a cikin jakar jakar wando da tururi har sai ya yi kyau sosai.

menene mafi kyawun kwaron zapper

Sannu a hankali ka cika tulunanki da aka bushe da ganyen ciyawa da ƙara ruwan zãfi, a bar kimanin inci guda na sararin samaniya. Zaku iya kara gishiri idan kuna so (kimanin rubu'in cokali a kowane fanti). Iya kamar yadda ta matsa lamba gwangwani na umarnin.

Yana ɗaukar kimanin fam huɗu na alayyafo sabo don samar da kwati ɗaya (ko pints biyu) na alayyafo na gwangwani.

Alayyafo na bushewa

Alayyafo na iya zama bushewa ko daskararre bushe. Wannan yakan sa alayyahu ya zama mai saurin fasawa, don haka idan ka zaɓi yin wannan, ya kamata ka yi tsammanin ba za ka iya sake sanya alayyahu a cikin cikakkiyar ganye ba. Koyaya, don alayyan alayyahu don ƙarawa zuwa miya, ko don alayyafo na foda don ƙarawa zuwa santsi ko wasu girke-girke ko don cin abincin yara daga, wannan yana aiki sosai.

Don bushe alayyar ku, bi umarnin masana'antun akan bushewar bushewar ku ko daskarewar daskarewa. Yana da kyau a yi amfani da laushi mai kyau idan kuna dehydrating alayyar ku. Tashin busassun daskarewa suna da ƙarfi, don haka kowane ƙaramin yanki ba zai faɗi ta cikin tray ba kamar yadda za su yi a kan mai shan ruwa.

Shirya matsala Matsalar alayyahu

Savoy nau

Muddin ka bi matakan da aka ambata a sama, ya kamata ka sami damar shuka amfanin gona mai kyau na alayyafo. Amma yaya game da waɗannan yanayin da ba zato ba tsammani? Koyon yadda ake shuka alayyafo zai buƙaci ku kasance a shirye don waɗannan matsalolin.

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Idan kuna da matsalolin ƙwayar cuta, akwai possiblean abubuwan da ke iya haifar da waɗannan. Tsaba da aka binne da wuri sosai ko zurfin zurfin zai iya kasa tsirowa - burin don zurfin dasa 1/4 ″ zuwa 1/2 ″.

Yanayin yanayi ma na iya zama abin zargi. Idan yanayi yayi zafi sosai, tsaba ba zasu tsiro ba, kuma idan yayi sanyi sosai, suna iya tsiro sosai a hankali.

A karshe, kiyaye kasar ka daidai da danshi, saboda karancin ruwa ko ruwa da yawa na iya dakatar da kwayar cuta. Kuna son ƙasa mai daɗi mai kyau wanda ba ta da laushi sosai, amma kuma hakan na iya riƙe ruwa don shuke-shuke suyi amfani da shi.

Ganyen rawaya yana iya nuna ƙarancin nitrogen. Alayyafo mai ciyarwa ce mai nauyi! Sanya-gefen tsire-tsirenku da takin takin zamani ko takin mai nitrogen mai wadataccen ruwa a kai a kai, kuma tabbatar da aiki da takin mai yawa a cikin gadajenku kafin dasa shuki.

yadda za'a kula da itacen inabi mai zaki

Shuke-shuken da ke ɗorawa don samar da iri suna wahala daga yanayin da ke da sauƙi sosai. Idan kayi shuka kusa da lokacin bazara, abu ne na yau da kullun don alayyahu ka fara daga seedling zuwa seed stalk ba tare da samar da ganyaye da yawa kwata-kwata. Don hana wannan, tabbatar da dasawa a cikin watanni mai sanyaya na shekara.

Kwari

Alayyafo ganyen alayyafo

Leaadadden ƙwaro za su ci ramuka a cikin ganyenka, kuma idan ba a tsaya da sauri ba za a iya kwararar da ganyen gaba daya. Wannan ba ya samun kyakkyawan girbin alayyafo! Yi amfani da feshi na spinosad kamar Monterey Aljannar feshi don shafe su.

Dukansu miyar gizo-gizo kuma aphids za su tsotse tsirin tsire-tsire daga ganyen alayyahu, su bar su bushe da rawaya. Aphids shima vector ne na cututtuka, kuma yana iya yada abubuwa kamar alayyafo ga shuke-shukanka. Yi amfani da dauki mai don kawar da waɗannan kwari masu shayarwa da kuma kiyaye su.

Da fiska na iya zama kwaro mai haɗari Wadannan tsutsotsi na kwari za su tsinke kai tsaye daga tushe na kananan shuke-shuke, su sa su birkila su mutu. Bacillus thurigiensis shine amsar waɗannan ƙananan kwari. Monterey BT shine feshi wanda yake amfani da wannan samfurin don kashe goutsunan ciki da sauri.

Yawa kamar tsutsotsi tsutsotsi wasu ƙyanƙyashe ne wanda zai iya yin ɓarna a cikin kayan alatu. Abin godiya, Monterey BT zai taimaka tare da wadannan da sauran nau'o'in kwarkwata.

Takaddun ganye wasu nau'ikan nau'in larva ne wanda zai haifar da babbar lahani ga alayyahu. Waɗannan ƙananan larvae za su ci ƙananan hanyoyi a cikin ganyayyaki da kansu, suna barin alamu na tabo a jikin shuka. Ana iya ma'amala da kayan miya ta hanyar amfani da maganin spinosad kamar yadda ƙwarin beetles ke iyawa, don haka samu wasu Monterey Aljannar feshi domin wadannan ma.

A ƙarshe, mun zo wurin slugs da katantanwa . Suna gama gari a yawancin lambuna, waɗannan guysan samarin suna samun alayyaho ya zama mai daɗi kamar yadda muke yi, kuma zasu tauna ta cikin ganyaye da dasa shuki. Ina amfani Lambu Mai Tsirara & Katantanwa Bait don yaudarar da su daga tsire-tsire na. Lokacin da suka ci gubar mai guba, sai su mutu kuma su bar shuke-shuke na da kariya daga cutarwa. Akwai kuma wasu manya DIY hanyoyin kula da kwaro wannan yana aiki da slugs da katantanwa!

Cututtuka

Ofaya daga cikin batutuwan alayyar alayyahu ta samo asali ne daga samuwar fure mai danshi . Wannan mildew yana tasowa a cikin rigar ko yanayi mai danshi kuma yana da wahalar sarrafawa. Yellow ko fari faci na iya samuwa a saman ganye, yayin da naman gwari mai kaushi ya bayyana a ƙasan.

Zai fi kyau ka guji dusar ƙanƙanci ta hanyar tabbatar da iska mai kyau a kusa da shuke-shuke da kuma shayar da ƙasa maimakon ganye. Idan ya cancanta, yi amfani da kayan gwari na jan ƙarfe kamar Bonide Copper Fungicide don magance matsalar.

Maganin fure Hakanan yana iya zama matsala akan alayyafo, amma ana iya magance shi tare da maimaita aikace-aikace na dauki mai . Koyaya, zaku so yin watsi da lalatattun ganye maimakon cin su.

Farar tsatsa na iya rikicewa sau da yawa tare da sanyin mara. Yana haifar da tabo mai launin rawaya a saman ganye, amma a ƙarƙashin ganyayyakin zai zama fari, rubutaccen ɗanyun naman gwari. Wannan shi ma za'a iya magance shi da maganin feshi, kuma ina bada shawara Aminci ya Faukaka Lambun Fung don wannan dalili.

Anthracnose kuma cercospora ganye tabo duka na iya haifar da toshewa da tabo a kan ganye. Duk waɗannan na iya haifar da launin fata, launin ruwan kasa ko rawaya ya bayyana, kuma yayin da ɗigon ya bazu, suna sa shuka ta gaza. Kuna iya magance duka waɗannan matsalolin tare da Bonide Copper Fungicide .

Alayyafo blight wani suna ne na kokwamba mosaic virus , wanda aka yada ta kokwamba beetles kuma aphids . Wannan na iya haifar da ganyaye da juyewa zuwa ciki, wanda ke da wuya a iya lura da shi a wasu nau'ikan alayyafo, amma kuma yana iya haifar da raunin ganye da kuma dasa shuke-shuke. Girma iri-iri masu juriya da hana aphids akan alayyafan ku duka kariya ce masu mahimmanci. Yakamata a cire shuke-shuke masu alayyar alayyafo.

A ƙarshe, fusarium wata cuta ce ta fungal kamar alayyafo wacce ake iya yadawa ta kokwamba ko ƙwaro, amma kuma zai iya rayuwa cikin ƙasa. Tsirrai masu rawaya a gefe ɗaya, ko waɗanda ke fuskantar ci baya, fusarium zai iya shafar su. Cire kowane tsire-tsire marasa lafiya kuma lalata su. Kasance mai da hankali ga sauran tsirrai masu irin wannan matsalar.

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Manya manyan shuke-shuke alayyafo

Tambaya: Shin akwai shuke-shuke masu kyau don alayyafo?

A: Tabbas! Radishes manyan zaɓi ɗaya ne. Wadannan za a iya dasa su a kusa da tushen tsire-tsire na alayyafo kuma suna da kyau su yi kyau a ciki. Sauran zabi mai kyau na yanayin sanyi sun hada da farin kabeji, seleri, kabeji, Peas, ko strawberries. Tumatir, eggplant, da barkono suma shuke-shuke ne masu kyau a kusa da alayyahu.

Tambaya: An fara yin dusar ƙanƙara Alayyahu na zai mutu?

A: Mafi yawan alayyafo yana da ɗan sanyi-kuma yana iya tsira da yanayin sanyi, amma ba zai jure daskarewa mai ƙarfi ba. Idan yawan zafin jiki yayi sanyi sosai kasancewar ana yin dusar ƙanƙara, ya kamata ka kiyaye tsirrai da a yanayin sanyi . Gabaɗaya, duk wani abu da ke ƙasa da digiri 40 shine mafi kyawun kariya daga sanyi a cikin iska, kuma tare da yanayin sanyi zaka iya tsawaita lokacin noman ka dan lokaci kaɗan. Dingara wani nau'i na kayan ɗumama cikin yanayin sanyi (kamar kirtanin fitilu) na iya taimaka maka girma alayyafo duk tsawon lokacin hunturu!


Ko da zane mai ban dariya Popeye yana son alayyafo mai gina jiki, kuma tare da waɗannan shawarwari masu amfani, ku ma za ku so shi! Menene nau'ikan alayyafo da kuka fi so? Bari in sani a kasa!

An sabunta labarin 2/15/2018.