Malabar Alayyafo: Ganyen Aljanna Mai atauna

Kewayawa da sauri

Malabar alayyafo itace kayan lambu mai ɗumi-ɗumi wanda ya samo asali daga Asiya kuma shine kayan haɗin yau da kullun a yawancin abincin Asiya. Ganye, harbe, da 'ya'yan itacen berry duk ana cin su kuma suna da aikace-aikace na girke-girke daban-daban. Malabar yanki ne a gefen kudu maso yamma na Indiya inda yanayin wurare masu zafi ke samar da kyakkyawan yanayin girma don wannan itacen inabi mai ƙarfi. Wannan kayan lambu ana kuma san shi da alayyafo na Indiya, Ceylon alayyafo, ko alayyahu alayyafo.



Batu daya na kowa tare da girma alayyafo na yau da kullum shine cewa alayyafo yakan zama mai daskarewa da juyawa da zaran zafin jiki ya tashi. A bara a cikin lambun 5b na yanki, na sami damar samun ablean gajerun makonni na girbi daga cikin Tsarin Bloomsdale Long Tsayayye tsakanin sanyi na ƙarshe da farkon zafin rana na ƙarshen bazara. Itace farkon ganye mai ɗanɗano a lambu na, tun kafin abun da nake mata! Kodayake alayyafo na Malabar ba shi da alaƙa da tsirrai iri ɗaya na alayyaho na kasuwa, yana iya zama babban zaɓi don samarwa a lambun ku na bazara.

Lokacin da aka girma a cikin yanayi mai ɗumi kamar a Kudancin California ko jihohin kudu a Amurka, Malabar alayyafo tana da kyau. A mafi yawan sauran yanayin canjin shi ana yin shi shekara shekara. Hakanan yana iya zama mai mamayewa idan ka bar shuke-shuke ka zama iri. Koyaya, idan yankinku na girma ya sami kowane irin sanyi, zaku iya shuka wannan kayan lambu ne kawai azaman na shekara-shekara kuma yana sanya babban maye gurbin maye gurbin bayan ganye mai tsananin sanyi-ganye.

Kyakkyawan Samfuran Girman Malabar Alayyafo:



Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri

Ganyen alayyafo na Malabar
Sabon zabin malabar alayyahu yana da kyau kamar ganyen salad.
Sunaye (s) na kowa Malabar alayyafo, alayyakin Ceylon, alayyafo na Indiya, alayyaho na inabi
Sunan Kimiyya Basella alba ko Basella rubra
Kwanaki zuwa Girbi 50 kwanakin don koren ganye; Kwanaki 85 zuwa cikakken girma
Haske Cikakken rana
Ruwa: Danshi mai dacewa
.Asa Ya fi son ƙasa mai ni'ima tare da pH daga 6.5 zuwa 6.8 kodayake tana iya jure wa ƙasa mara kyau
Taki Takin mai wadataccen nitrogen don tallafawa ci gaban ganye
Kwari Nematodes na tushen-kulli
Cututtuka Cotsospora leaf tabo

Duk Game da Malabar Alayyafo

Malabar alayyafo
Thewayoyi da furanni na alayyafo na malabar suna ba da 'ya'yan itace.

Malabar alayyafo na iya amfani da dalilai da yawa a cikin lambun ku a matsayin amfanin gona mai ci da kuma matsayin shimfidar shimfidar ƙasa. Akwai nau'ikan jinsin Malabar guda biyu: Basella alba kuma Basella rubra . Basella rubra an fi girma a matsayin shuke-shuke na kwalliya saboda kalar ruwan inabin ta mai ban sha'awa yayin da duhu kore Malabar alayyafo Basella alba an fi yawanta abinci. Dukansu nau'ikan suna cin abinci kuma suna da matukar gina jiki tare da babban ƙwayoyin calcium, ƙarfe, da Vitamin A da C.

Duk nau'ikan alayyafo na Malabar suna da inabi masu saurin girma tare da oval zuwa ganye mai sifofin zuciya waɗanda ke da duhu duhu kuma rabin rai. Vines suna da ƙarfi kuma suna iya tsayi zuwa ƙafa shida tsayi a cikin kaka ɗaya. Babban bambanci tsakanin Basella alba kuma Basella rubra yana cikin kalar inabinsu. Kalmar 'alba' tana nufin fari a Latin yayin da 'rubra' na nufin ja. Malabar alayyafo tana yin furanni a lokacin bazara kamar tsarukan ƙananan furanni masu launin fari-ja-shunayya. Waɗannan furannin daga ƙarshe zasu zama 'ya'yan itace masu launin shuɗi mai duhu, waɗanda ake iya ci amma kuma ana iya amfani dasu azaman rini. Kula da danshi a ƙasa cikin watanni masu zafi yana da matukar mahimmanci idan kuna shirin noman alayyar Malabar don abinci. Ryasa mai bushewa za ta faɗar da itacen inabi don yin furanni da canza yanayin dandano na ganye daga m zuwa ɗaci.

Za a iya saka ganyen alayyahu da ɗanɗano mai daɗi a miya, a dafa, a dafa, ko a soya su. Ganyayyaki na jiki ne kuma na iya zama mai kauri mai kyau. Har ila yau ana amfani da tushen alayyafo na Malabar a wasu al'adun a matsayin maganin gargajiya don magance zawo da sauran al'amuran ciki.



Shuka Alayyafo Malabar

Alayyafo na Malabar yana da matukar damuwa ga sanyi don haka dole ne a dasa shi bayan duk haɗarin sanyi ya wuce kuma bayan ƙasa ta warmed. Wannan itacen inabin za a iya farawa daga iri, kai tsaye shuka, ko dasa shi daga yanke.

Tsaba ko dasawa suna girma mafi kyau cikin cikakken rana. Malabar alayyafo tana da sauƙin kulawa kuma zai iya bunƙasa lokacin da aka dasa shi kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa, a ciki ɗakunan gado , ko a cikin kwantena Kuna buƙatar ƙara trellis don taimakawa kurangar inabi hawa a tsaye, ko bari inabbin inabi su zama masu saurin rufe ƙasa mai ado.

Wanne

Malabar alayyafo ta tsiro
Wannan matattarar alayyar marabarbarbar za ta zama lafiyayyen inabi.

Malabar alayyafo tana da sauƙin girma kuma babban kayan lambu mai jure zafi don gwadawa a lokacin rani. Ganin yanayin da ya dace, alayyafo na Malabar na iya zama tauraruwa mai gani da ta abinci a cikin lambun ku.

Rana da Zazzabi

Malabar alayyafo tana girma mafi kyau a cikakkun rana wanda ke nufin hasken rana na awanni shida ko sama da haka a lokacin bazara. Malabar alayyafo na iya girma a matsayin shekara-shekara a yawancin yankuna masu tasowa na USDA amma na iya zama mai ɗorewa a yankin 7 da sama. Saboda wannan itacen inabin alayyahu yana bunƙasa a lokacin zafi na bazara, ƙila ba zai yi girma sosai ba a shiyyoyin da matsakaicin zafin lokacin bazara ke ƙasa da digiri 80-90 F. Malabar alayyafo tana da sanyi sosai kuma ba za ta rayu bayan ko da sanyi mai sauƙi ba.

Ruwa da zafi

Malabar alayyafo itace tsiro mai zafi don haka yana buƙatar danshi mai laushi a ƙasa. Idan kana zaune a cikin yanayi mai zafi da bushe, ka tabbata ka hau saman ruwa ta hanyar saita a lokaci da shayarwa sosai tare bututun soaker . Har ila yau, amfani da ciyawa sosai don taimakawa ƙasa ta kasance mai danshi.

Irin wannan alayyatan na alayyahu yana da laushi ga bushewar tsafe-tsafe kuma zai yi fure kuma ya zama mai ɗaci idan ba a shayar da shi ba. Wannan na iya zama matsala idan kuna noman alayyar Malabar a matsayin itacen inabi na ado. A kula kar a cika ruwa kuma a guji yin feshin daga sama don hana yaduwar cututtukan fungal. Idan kuna noman alayyafo na Malabar a cikin yanayi mai zafi wanda ke da lokacin damina, ba za ku buƙaci ƙarin ruwa ba a wannan lokacin.

.Asa

Malabar alayyafo ta fi son wadataccen ruwa, ƙasa da ƙasa mai wadata. Matsayi mai kyau pH yakamata ya zama ɗan acid kaɗan daga pH 6.5 zuwa 6.8. Kodayake zata iya jure yanayin ƙasa ko talauci, haɓakar shukar zata ragu sosai. Aiwatar da ciyawa a saman kasanku don hana danshi yin danshi a lokacin zafi da kuma rage yaduwar ciyawar.

Takin taki

Lokacin da kuka shuka alayyafo na Malabar saboda koren kore ko purple-ja ganye, ya kamata kuyi amfani da babban taki nitrogen don inganta ƙwarin ganye lafiyayye. Fara shuke-shuken ku a cikin ƙasa mai kyau a cikin bazara tare da ƙarin takin nitrogen. Ci gaba da takin kowane mako 3-4 a duk lokacin girma don ƙarfafa samar da ganye.

Yankan

Za a iya yanka alayyafo na Malabar sosai. A zahiri, idan ba a datse tsironku ba, yana iya ɗaukar wuri mai girma da sauri. Yawan yankan itace da kuma girbin koren ganye da harbe-harbe yana da kyau ga shuka kuma yana iya haɓaka ƙarin ganye da tsiro. Saboda wannan tsire-tsire kai mai sauƙi, zaka buƙaci cire 'ya'yan itacen ko hana inabai fure. Malabar alayyafo na iya zama shuke shuke idan ba a sarrafa ta yadda ya kamata.

Yaduwa

Kuna iya samun babban nasara tare da narkar da tsaba a cikin alayyafo na alayyahu idan kun rage ko ta hanyar inji ta hanyar buɗe mashin iri mai tauri ta hanyar ɗora shi da wuka mai kaifi ko kuma murza rigar da sandpaper. Jika tsaba a cikin ruwa cikin dare kafin a dasa shi kuma zai iya hanzarta tsirowa. Fara iri a cikin gida ko shuka kai tsaye ¼ inci mai zurfi. Idan shuka kai tsaye, tsire-tsire na sihiri har sai sunkai inci 6 nesa.

Don yada alayyafo na Malabar daga yankan, yanke yanki daga ɗayan mai tushe. Yanke a ƙasan kumburi mai girma, samun tushe mai inci 5-6 a tsayi. Ana iya amfani da homonin motsa jiki idan kuna so, ko kuma kai tsaye za ku iya sanya yankan a cikin ƙasa mai kyau. Hakanan za'a iya kafe yankan a ruwa. Tushen yakamata ya bunkasa cikin makonni biyu kuma ya kasance a shirye don dasawa zuwa cikin gonar.

Girbi da Adanawa

Dafaffiyar alayyafo na malabar
Malabar alayyafo tana ɗanɗano kamar alayyahu da zarar an dafa shi.

Za a iya cin alayyafo na Malabar danye a cikin salati a matsayin madadin ciyayi ko kuma a dafa shi a cikin jita-jita daban-daban. Wannan tsiron shine cikakkiyar madaidaiciya ga kowane irin abincin da yake kira da alayyahu na gargajiya. Yawanci ƙaramin ganye da harbewa sun fi dacewa da cin abinci, musamman idan a cikin salatin.

Girbi

Ana iya girbe alayyafo na Malabar tun daga kwanaki 50 daga lokacin shuka ko lokacin da ka ga an kafa babban tushe. Ickauki -ananan ganye masu kamannin zuciya a ko'ina cikin tsiron ko snip mai laushi mai laushi. Girbi akai-akai don taimakawa daji sama da shuka yayin barin ƙarancin inci shida na tushe da ganye mara taɓawa kowane lokaci. Ci gaba da girbi kowane mako ko har sanyi ya kashe tsire-tsire.

Adanawa

Malabar alayyafo tana da kyau a ci sabo. Bayan an girbe ganyen ko mai tushe, yi amfani da shi nan da nan ko ajiye a cikin firiji inda zai iya ajiyewa tsawon kwanaki 2-5. Idan kuna da girbi mai yawa, zaku iya rufe ganyen sannan ku daskare shi.

Shirya matsala

Red Malabar alayyafo
Da zarar waɗannan berries sun yi duhu, ana iya amfani dasu don dyes.

Da yawa suna shuka alayyafo na Malabar a matsayin amfanin gona da aka fi so a Asiya saboda juriya da kwari da cututtuka. Ba tsire-tsire mai haushi don girma a cikin lambun ba wanda ya sa ya zama babban zaɓi ga masu farawa da masu ci gaban lambu iri ɗaya.

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Ceylon alayyafo na iya zama jinkirin farawa yayin da yanayinku zai dumama na bazara, amma bai kamata a sami matsaloli da yawa sau ɗaya ba. Tabbatar da kawai dasa shi bayan duk wani haɗarin sanyi ya wuce, zai fi dacewa bayan kwanan watan sanyi da ake tsammani. Duk da yake wannan itacen inabin alayyahu na iya yin girma a inuwar m, zai zama da ƙarfi sosai a cikakkiyar rana.

Kwari

Malabar alayyafo tana da tsayayya ga yawancin manyan kwari da aka samo a gonar wanda ya sa ta zama itacen inabi mai ƙarancin kulawa. Koyaya, akwai rahotanni na lalacewa ta tushen-kulli nematodes . Wannan kwaro zai lalata ci gaban da kuzarin inabi da haifar da ganyen chlorosis, ko rawayawar ganyayyaki da tushe. Idan kun ga waɗannan alamun kuma kuna zargin cewa akwai matsala ta nematode, bincika ƙasa don neman kumburin tushe.

Akwai nematicides guda biyu a kasuwa waɗanda zaku iya amfani dasu don magance nematodes na tushen-kodayake zasu kashe duka nematodes masu cutarwa da amfani a cikin ƙasa. Wasu sauran hanyoyin sun hada da yin takin tare da abinci irin na abinci, abincin kaguwa, ko garin kawa don karfafa juriyar tsirrai da saiwoyinsu zuwa lalacewar nematode da fari. Neman nematodes masu amfani a cikin ƙasa don afkawa tushen-kullin nematodes shima zaɓi ne.

Cututtuka

Saboda alayyafo na Malabar suna bunƙasa a cikin yanayi mai ɗumi da danshi, ƙila za su iya kamuwa da wasu cututtukan foliar gami da naman gwari fungal sanadiyyar Cercospora beticola . Wannan kwayar cuta ce wacce akafi samunta akan sukari, alayyaho, da swiss chard. Cercospora beticola zai haifar da spotsan madauwari madaidaiciya ko launin toka mai ruwan toka mai duhu mai ruwan hoda mai ruwan kasa ko ruwan kasa don bayyana akan ganye. Idan ba a kula da shi ba, kwayar cutar za ta iya sarrafa ganye da wuri kuma ta raunana ƙarfin tsire-tsire.

Yi amfani da kyawawan halaye yayin shayarwa don kokarin kiyaye ganyen bushewa. Guji shayarwa a sama duk lokacin da zai yiwu. Idan ka sami wuraren naman gwari akan ganye, cire ganyen nan da nan. Kada a dafa ko a ci ganyen da ke da ganyen naman gwari. Kada ku takin waɗannan ganye saboda ƙwayoyin cuta na iya rayuwa a cikin ƙasa har tsawon shekaru biyu. Idan kana zaune ne a wani yanki mai danshi musamman da yanayin zafi mai zafi sama da digiri 80, kayi la'akari da amfani da kayan gwari mai kare garkuwar jiki a matsayin matakan kariya.

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Yaran Ceylon sosai
Arami a yanzu, wannan alayyaron na malabar zai fara girma cikin sauri nan da nan.

Tambaya: Shin ana iya cin alayyafo na malabar danye?

A: Ee, ana iya cin alayyafo na Malabar da ɗanyen ko da yake galibi ana soyayyen shi ko kuma ana amfani da shi a cikin stew da curry.

Tambaya: Shin alayyafo na malabar na shekara-shekara ne ko na shekara-shekara?

zaka iya shuka bishiyar asparagus daga yankakku

A: Alayyafo na Malabar yana da sanyi sosai kuma yana son yanayin zafi. A cikin yankunan duniya waɗanda ke da zafi ko yanayin zafi, za a iya yin alayyafo na Malabar a matsayin mai yin shekara-shekara. Bugu da ƙari, ana girma kamar shekara-shekara.