Succulents mai ban mamaki: Takin Tsire-tsire masu haƙuri

Kewayawa da sauri

Ka shigo da gida ne wannan kyakkyawar 'yar sandararriyar murtsannun abincin da kuke sa ido a kasuwa. Ko wataƙila yana da tsire-tsire na shuke-shuke da kuke son shuka ciyawa da kore kuma cika sarari a farfajiyar ku. Wataƙila yana da fractal-like aloe polyphylla, ko kuma don kyakkyawan yanayin tsiron aloe vera. Duk abin da kuka zaba, yanzu kun sami tsire-tsire mai wadatarwa. Amma me kuke yi don tabbatar da dorewarta da kyanta a mahallanku? Waɗanne takin mai magani ne masu aminci ga masu amfani da su, kuma akwai waɗanda ba su da shi? Kuma mafi mahimmanci, menene daidai succulent, ta wata hanya?



Bari mu binciko duk waɗannan abubuwan, kuma mu tabbatar da cewa lambun ku na jurewa fari zai zama abin mamaki a gaba!



Menene Wahala?

Kalmar “succulent” ita ce wacce ke da wahalar bayyanawa. Ba shi da cikakkiyar ilimin kimiyya, gabaɗaya ana nufin kowane tsiro mai jure fari wanda yake da ganyaye, tushe, ko tushe. Kalmar ta ƙunshi tsire-tsire iri-iri iri iri saboda wannan, kuma galibi suna da nau'ikan buƙatun kulawa don tafiya tare da shi.



Abu daya wanda dukkanin tsirrai suke son gama gari shine ikon adana ruwa don lokacin fari. Ko ta adana shi a cikin ganyayyaki masu kauri da roba, a cikin tsaka-tsalle mai tsaka-tsaka kamar wasu cacti, a cikin ruwan da ke cikin mucilaginous a duk tsarin shuka, ko kuma a cikin babban tsarin sa, akwai wata hanya a can don adana ruwa. Wannan yana haifar da mutane suyi imani cewa basu buƙatar ruwa mai yawa kamar sauran tsire-tsire, amma wannan ba gaskiya bane. Suna son ruwa kamar kowace shuka. Suna kawai san yadda zasu adana wasu daga baya!

Akwai wasu tsire-tsire, irin su nau'in Tillandsia na bromeliads , waɗanda suka faɗi cikin keɓaɓɓun kewayon tsire-tsire a matsayin masu tara ruwa. Koyaya, kamar yadda waɗannan 'tsire-tsire na iska' suna da banbanci iri daban-daban (kuma wani lokacin ba su da tushe kwata-kwata), bari mu mai da hankali kan daidaitattun nau'ikan nau'ikan kamala kamar Schlumbergera (wanda kuma ake kira Kirsimeti murtsunguwa ), aloe vera da sauran aloes, Crassula ovata (wanda kuma ake kira shuke shuken ), da sauran zaɓuɓɓukan cibiyoyin lambu na yau da kullun don wadatar succulents.

Basic Succulent Kulawa



Gabaɗaya, yawancin succulents sun fi son cakuda ƙasa sosai. Tunda suna yawan girma a wuraren da ruwa baya samun tsawan lokaci, kasuwanci da yawa tukunya hadawa suna da laima sosai saboda son su. Dingara wasu m perlite zuwa ga kasar ku babban ra'ayi ne, saboda yana taimakawa wajen tabbatar da cewa ya malale cikin sauki.

Ga mutane a yankunan duniya inda ake sanyi a lokacin hunturu, yana da kyau ku dasa duwawarku a cikin tukwanen da zaku iya kawowa cikin gida a lokacin watannin sanyi. Succulents sun fi dacewa da lalacewar daskarewa, kamar yadda ruwan da suka adana cikin sauƙi ya zama kankara.

A cikin yanayi mai zafi, succulents na ainihi zasu iya cin gajiyar ɗan inuwa. Duk da yake mafi yawan mutane suna tunanin hasken rana da ke hurawa yayin da suka ga wata nasara, gaskiyar ita ce da yawa daga cikin nau'ikan da ke yaduwa ba sa zuwa daga yanayin hamada. Succulents suna girma a yankuna masu zafi da kuma saharar daji, kuma kuma na iya zuwa daga yankunan tsaunuka masu yashi. Samun wata inuwa ta bangare a lokacin mafi tsananin zafi na rana na iya tabbatar da cewa shukanka ya zama kore kuma ba ya shan kunar rana idan ya kasance matashi ne, kuma idan ya tsufa, zai iya taimaka mata ta zama mai daɗin ido da kyawawan ganye.

Hakanan yana da mahimmanci. Duk da yake da yawa kananan karami suna da kyan gani a cikin rukuni, kuma suna iya girma ta wannan hanyar, tabbatar cewa akwai isasshen ɗaki kusa da kowane tsire don tabbatar da isasshen iska ga kowane tsiro. Suna buƙatar numfashi. Yana da kyau ka sake maimaita rayuwarka duk shekara 2-3 kuma ka ware shuke-shuke wadanda suka cika yawa.

Inda yawancin tsirrai ke buƙatar shayarwa ta yau da kullun, succulent ɗinku na iya rayuwa na ɗan lokaci ba tare da shi ba. Koyaya, wannan baya nufin baya buƙatar ruwa kwata-kwata, kawai zaiyi kyau na tsawon lokaci kafin yayi rauni (kuma ee, a zahiri zaku iya sa ccan wasan ku suyi larura idan basu sami ruwa sosai ba). A matsayina na kyakkyawan yatsan hannu, shayar da succulents ɗinka sosai a kai a kai, amma ka tabbata cewa da zarar ƙasa ta yi laima, sai ta malalo kuma ba za a ci gaba da haɗa ta ba.

Fiye da ruwa yana da ban mamaki gama gari a cikin succulents, amma wannan galibi laifin ƙasa ne, ba ayyukan mai lambu ba. Idan kun dasa shi a wurin da ya dace kuma da ƙasar da ta dace, ya kamata ya bunƙasa.

Takin abincin ku

Don amfani da tsire-tsire na jade wanda na ambata a baya a matsayin misali, bari a ce kuna da ƙaramar nasara kuma kuna son ƙarfafa ƙoshin lafiya. Yaya kuke yin hakan?

Kamar yadda succulents sukan rike ruwa, suma zasu iya rike adadin narkar da abinci mai kyau kuma. -Ara yawan takin jininku na iya haifar da ƙoƙarin girma da sauri. Tunda sun fi shuke-shuke da ƙarfi, wannan na iya sa tsire-tsiren ku na jade su zama weeda ko mara ƙarfi. Mai tushe zai zama mai rauni, ganye na iya zama karami kuma ya fi sauƙi. Don haka ba kwa son yin takin zamani.

Amma kuma ba kwa son yin taki-taki. Idan yourasarku tana da kyau amma tana da yashi a lambun ku, ƙarancin hadi na iya sa tsiron ya zauna a cikin abin da ya bayyana yanayi ne na rayayyen motsi. Ba zai yi kyau ba, amma ba zai kara girma ba, kuma ba zai samar da furanni ta wannan hanyar ba.

Makasudin shine a bashi abinda yake buƙata just amma dai kawai ya isa, saboda haka zaiyi girma daidai gwargwado kuma zai iya sarrafa nauyi da girman sa yayin da yake bunkasa. Yawancin yan kwaya zasu iya rayuwa ba tare da taki ba, amma wannan ƙaramar haɓaka ya isa ya tabbatarwa da tsiron cewa yana cikin madaidaicin wuri don ya sami girma.

Abin da Taki Yayi Amfani dashi

Babu wadatattun takin mai magani a kasuwa, kuma wannan a bangare ne saboda akwai irin wannan bambancin da suke da shi wanda yake da wahalar tantance abin da za ayi amfani da shi ba tare da sanin takamaiman tsiron da kake da shi ba. Kamar yadda yawancin cibiyoyin lambu suke da tray na shuke-shuke waɗanda kawai aka lakafta su a matsayin 'masu haɗuwa daban-daban', wannan na iya zama matsala!

Idan za ku iya, ziyarci kulob ɗin da ke da farin ciki kuma ku gano nau'in shukar da kuke da shi, kuma za ku iya koyo daga can abin da kyakkyawan haɗin takin zamani yake ga jinsunanku. Zai zama daban ga ƙaramin tsire-tsire na aloe vera fiye da yadda zai kasance ga babban tsire-tsire na fitar Jade ko cactus cholla.

Amma idan baku da ƙungiyar kula, kuma kawai ba za ku iya gano nau'ikan shukar ku da kanku ba, kada ku damu. Kuna iya amfani da daidaitaccen, daidaitaccen taki don amfanin ku, kawai a cikin ƙarami kaɗan. Kullum ina yawan amfani da takin zamani mai lamba 8-8-8. Yi tsari a ƙarfinsa na al'ada, sannan a tsarma shi ta hanyar ƙara ruwa sau 2-3, sannan a yi amfani da shi don yin takin tare da shi. Sau ɗaya a wata yawanci yawanci ya isa a wannan ƙarfin.

Lokacin da Kake Bukatar Taki Ta Musamman

Idan kuna ƙoƙarin ƙarfafa furanni (wanda zai iya zama da kyau sosai, musamman a cikin nau'ikan kama da Kirsimeti murtsunguwa ), ana iya jarabtar ku da samun takin musamman. Yayinda nitrogen ke karfafa ci gaban shukar da kanta, sinadarin phosphorous da potassium sune sinadaran da suke karfafa gwiwar shuka don yin furanni, musamman phosphorous.

Akwai nau'ikan takin zamani da ake samu a kasuwa azaman “takin zamani cactus”, duka na kwayoyin da marasa tsari, wadanda sune low-nitrogen, manyan-komai kuma suna cakudawa. Koyaya, yawancin waɗannan an tsara su don amfani dasu kai tsaye daga cikin kwalban kuma mafi yawa a kai a kai fiye da sauran takin mai magani, wanda ke nufin tuni sun sami narkewa sosai. Yi hankali lokacin da kake cin kasuwa!

Banda wannan dokar shine Espoma Organic Cactus Abinci , wanda ke mai da hankali taki ruwa. Lokacin da kuka tsarma shi da ruwa, ya narke zuwa takin 1-2-2. Kuna iya takin ciki tare da wannan sau ɗaya a mako zuwa sau biyu a wata ba tare da wata matsala ba, kuma yana inganta ci gaba da kuma yauwa sosai.

Wani takin mai ruwa wanda yake da dan karfi yafi karfi shine Schultz Cactus Plusari , wani maida hankali wanda ke narke cikin ruwa zuwa zangon 2-7-7. Wannan yana aiki musamman don haɓaka fure, musamman a cikin murtsunnan Kirsimeti da sauran nau'ikan furanni masu ɗimbin yawa. Yana ɗaukar dropsan saukad da wannan tare da ruwanku don yin aikinsa, kuma wani abu ne wanda ake amfani dashi a kowane wata.

Sai dai idan kuna ƙoƙarin inganta furanni, waɗannan takin mai takin mai daɗi ba zai ƙara yawan fa’ida ga shukar ku ba, kuma nau’ikan da ba su da furanni masu larura ba za su buƙaci ƙarin-manyan matakan ƙwayoyin furanni ba. A waɗancan yanayi, kawai zaɓar taki mai kwalliya da narkar da shi da kanka zai zama daidai.

Sauran Zaɓukan Taki

Idan kuna son gwada wani madadin wanda ba taki ba, shayi takin shine kyakkyawan zaɓi. Kuna iya yin kanku daga takin a cikin tarin takin naku, ko kuma zaku iya siyan takin takin kamar Sigar Malibu Compost . Hakanan akwai wadatattun shayi na takin gargajiya. Takin shayi ba kawai yana ba da abinci mai gina jiki ga shukar ba, amma yana ba da abinci mai gina jiki ga ƙananan ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda ke taimakawa don kare abincinku daga kwari da matsalolin ƙasa.

Idan ka fi son taki mai jinkirin sakin takin mai ruwa, za ka iya amfani da kusan kowane taki na NPK mai daidaitacce a gare su. Koyaya, yanke adadi a rabi daga adadin da aka ba da shawara kafin a ƙara shi kusa da tsire-tsire, saboda da gaske ba sa buƙatar duk wannan taki mai yawa don ya bunƙasa.

Ga mutanen da suka girma succulents cikin gida , Zai fi dacewa a zaɓi takin mai magani akan ƙwayoyin cuta. Yawancin kwayoyin halitta suna da ƙamshi na musamman wanda bazai yiwu a cikin shi ba. Don haka idan kun kiyaye succulents na cikin gida, kuna so kuyi la'akari da wani abu tare da layin sanannen kasuwancin kasuwanci kamar Miracle-Gro ta mai cike da tsari . Ba shi da zafi a cikin gidanku!

Yadda Ake Takin Talakawa

Yana da mahimmanci ku kula da yadda kuke takin tsire-tsire. Tunda wasu 'yan kwaya ne kawai ke haduwa da ruwan sama a takaice, wataƙila ba su saba da yin ruwa ba. Sauran nau'ikan nau'ikan mazaunin daji ne waɗanda ke fuskantar ruwa kamar hazo maimakon ruwan sama na yau da kullun. Amma a kowane yanayi, ana so a guji ɗora takin kan shuka kanta.

Yawancin haɗuwa da takin mai magani, musamman ma ruwa, na iya haifar da sakamako mara kyau yayin da suka bazu a cikin ganyayyaki ko furanni na succulents, kuma abinci mai gina jiki ba a karɓar wannan hanyar. Ciyar da abubuwan da kuke so ya zama koyaushe a matakin ƙasa, kuma da kyau a kewaye da tsire-tsire akan tushen asalin. Fesa kai tsaye kan ƙasa ta amfani da kayan feshin lambu , da kuma yin taka-tsantsan don kokarin fantsama kowane abu kai tsaye ga mabukata kai tsaye. Hakanan zaka iya amfani da jakar leda don wannan dalili!

Ga tsire-tsire waɗanda suka fi haɗuwa tare, ta amfani da wani abu kamar an gwangwanin cikin gida kyakkyawan ra'ayi ne. Siririn bututun ruwa na shayarwa yana iya samar da hanya mai sauki don kiyaye tsire-tsirenku kai tsaye su fantsama, kuma yana taimaka muku wajen jagorantar takin a tushen tushen shukar inda zasu iya kyautatawa.

Idan kun kasance a cikin yanayin da ke da sanyin hunturu, kuna so ku daina yin takin zamani don lokacin sanyi. Yawancin succulents sukan shiga cikin yanayin bacci a yanayin sanyi. Ba su taki a cikin kaka da watannin hunturu ba zai amfani shukar a wannan lokacin ba.

Da zarar bazara ta zo, wannan shine lokacin da za'a fara sake yin taki, kuma lokacin bazara shima lokaci ne mai kyau don rarrabewa da sake tukunyar kowane tsire-tsire da suka cika mutane, saboda yana basu lokaci don sake kafa kansu kafin zafi. Idan kun zaɓi sake tukunyar tsire-tsire a cikin bazara, yi hakan da farko kuma kuyi takin daga baya, saboda yana ƙarfafa su su farka daga barci kuma su fara girma sau ɗaya kuma.

Akwai succulents masu saurin hunturu a wasu mahalli, musamman waɗanda ba sa samun daskarewa mai wuya kamar sassan California. Wadannan za'a iya hada su zagaye-zagaye, amma sun fi son yin babban ci gaban su a cikin waɗancan watanni na hunturu. Ga waɗancan tsire-tsire, zai fi kyau a yi takin zamani a lokacin bazara ko farkon hunturu, sannan a bincika ci gaban su don yanke shawara ko suna buƙatar sake yin takin a bazara.

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Tambaya: Shin yana da kyau in riƙa yin takin na sau da yawa?

A: Dogaro da ire-iren abubuwan da kuke dasu, da kuma yanayin da kuke rayuwa, kuna buƙatar kafa abin da ya fi dacewa ga tsirran ku. Masana'antar gandun daji tana daukar succulents wadanda aka saba haduwa dasu a matsayin 'tsirrai' masu tsire-tsire, inda wadanda basu dace ba da takin zamani suke 'tsire'. Wannan galibi yana nufin yadda za su riƙe a cikin ƙasa da ƙarancin yanayi. Tsire-tsire masu tauri suna da daɗin rayuwa kuma suna ɗaukar ƙarin zagi, amma tsire-tsire masu laushi na iya zama kyakkyawa mai ban mamaki, don haka ya dogara da yawan yadda kuke jin kamar kula da yaranku. Yawan taki ba zai kashe shuka ba, amma yana iya haifar da rashin tsari, haɓakar gwal a cikin wasu nau'ikan, kuma ƙila ba zai zama da sha'awar gani ba.

Tambaya: Shin akwai wasu yan kwaya wadanda basa bukatar takin zamani?

A: A fasahance, babu succulent da gaske yake buƙatar taki idan suna cikin kyakkyawan ƙasa mai kyau. Koyaya, tabbas zasu iya amfanuwa da shi. Idan kun ƙara kayan ado na sama mai kyau, takin mai wadatuwa a cikin daskararrun kwalenku sau ɗaya a shekara, da alama akwai yiwuwar za su iya rayuwa ba tare da taki ba kwata-kwata, kodayake suna iya faɗuwa a ƙarƙashin “taurin” halin da aka ambata a tambayar ta ƙarshe. Mafi yawa daga cikin masu karamin karfi kuma suna yin kyau a cikin yanayin haihuwa, don haka idan kuna da ƙananan tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire, zaku iya samun cewa zasu yi daidai ba tare da taki ba kwata-kwata.


Da fatan na amsa duk tambayoyin da kuke da su game da takin ku. Ko suna da girma ko ƙarami, cacti ko aloes ko wasu wurare masu ban mamaki na wurare masu ban mamaki, wadatar zuci na iya zama babban ƙari ga shimfidar ka, kuma kiyaye su da ƙoshin lafiya iska ce! Mene ne tsirarren tsire-tsire da kuka fi so, kuma wane irin takin zamani kuke amfani dashi? Sanar da ki!

zaka iya girma Rosemary daga yankan