Farin Sage Shuka: Jagorar Girma, Haɗa, da Tsaba

Kewayawa da sauri

Idan akwai wani ganye wanda yake da dadadden tarihi mai tarihi, to shine farar shuke shuke, wanda ake kira salvia apiana.



An yi amfani dashi sosai tsakanin mutanen kabilun California tsawon ƙarni, wannan tsire-tsire yana da sunaye da yawa waɗanda ƙabilun da suka yi amfani da shi suka bayar.



Tongva, ana kuma kiranta kabilar Gabrielino, suna kiranta da kasiile kuma sun same ta a kan tsaunuka a kewayen yankin da yanzu ake kira Los Angeles. Irin wannan furucin, qas’ily, mutanen Chumash ne suka yi amfani da shi waɗanda suka rayu tare da gabar tekun Santa Barbara ta yanzu. Luisan ƙabilar Luiseno da ake kira wannan tsiron da ƙashil. Ga mutanen Kumeyaay waɗanda suke cikin yankin San Diego na yau, ana kiranta da shlhtaay.

Ana kallo azaman tsattsarkan shuka, ana amfani dashi don abinci, magani, da sauran dalilai.



Duk da yake kowane mutum na salvia apiana zai iya rayuwa tsawon shekaru a cikin daji idan abubuwan da ke kewaye da su daidai ne, yawancin mutane suna ganin yana da ɗan rikitarwa don girma a gonar. Duk da haka yana iya zama kyakkyawan tsire-tsire mai mahimmanci don samun hannu.

Don haka don Allah, a karanta don jagora mai zurfin lambu zuwa wannan tsohuwar ciyawar.Yayinda muke dashi, zamu tattauna hanya mafi kyawu don shuka wannan tsire-tsire duka don amfani da kayan adon da kuma tattara ciyawar ganye!

White Sage Overview

Suna na (s) Fararraki mai hikima, mai farin farin Kalifoniya, mai hikima fari mai tsarki, mai hikima kakan, ƙwararen kudan zuma, baƙon baffalo, da kuma yawan sunayen gargajiya na gargajiya
Sunan Kimiyya Salvia apiana
Iyali Lamiaceae
Asali Kudancin California da wasu sassan arewacin Mexico
Tsawo Har zuwa 6 'tsayi, na iya yada kusan kamar faɗi amma galibi 3-4' faɗi
Haske Cikakken rana, babu inuwa
Ruwa Mai tsananin haƙuri. Tsirrai da aka kafa suna buƙatar ƙarancin ruwa.
Zazzabi An fi son yanayin dumi. Ba ya son yanayin zafi ƙasa da daskarewa, bai yi ƙasa da digiri 25 a Fahrenheit ba.
Zafi Zai iya jure wa zafi amma yana iya samun lamuran cuta
.Asa Sandy, ƙasa mai matuƙar kyau
Taki Babu buƙatar takin zamani. Yana son yanayin ƙarancin abinci mai gina jiki.
Yaduwa Ta hanyar iri ko yankan
Kwari Aphids, whiteflies, mites m, gizo-gizo mites. Hakanan mai saukin kamuwa ga furen fure, tsatsa, da ruɓewar tushe.

Menene Farin Sage?

Fararraki mai hikima a cikin yanayin ɗabi

Salvia apiana, wanda ake kira California White Sage, babban tsire-tsire ne na hamada. Ya tsiro a cikin gungun dunƙuƙu a cikin ƙasa mai sandier, galibi a cikin ƙasan kudancin California har zuwa Mexico. Sunanta ya fito ne daga ganyayyaki, wanda ke da ruwan toka-launin toka a gare su lokacin da yake sabo kuma wanda ke juya fari mai toka lokacin da ya bushe.



A cikin daji, farin sage mai hikima yakan iya girma zuwa tsayin ƙafa shida tsayi da ƙafa da yawa a diamita. Dogayen dogayensa sun fito ne daga asalin tushen tushe kuma suna ƙarewa duk tsawon lokacin girma ɗaya kafin bushewa da mutuwa baya. Kamar shukar hamada, tana son yanayin zafi, bushe.

Ya zama sanannen zaɓi ga mutanen da suke zaɓar lambunan lambuna masu ƙanƙan ruwa, kuma ana iya sanya su cikin sauƙi tsakanin sauran tsire-tsire masu ƙananan ruwa don sakamako mai kyau. Idan kuna ƙoƙarin kiyaye ruwa, wannan na iya zama cikakkiyar shuka a gare ku!

Gajeren Tarihin Amfani da Sage na Kabila

Kafin mu tattauna game da amfani da farin mai hikima tsakanin ƙabilu, yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa bai ma kusanci da irin nau'ikan hikima wanda ƙabilun ke amfani da shi ba a al'adance. A zahiri, yin amfani da farin sage ya kasance sanannen al'ada ne kawai tsakanin kabilun da ke hamada kudu maso yamma, tunda bai girma a wani wuri ba.

Bambancin Masana

Tsarkake hayaki a wurin sanya suna

Daga cikin mutanen Californian, wani lokaci ana kiran farin masani a matsayin mai hikima, kamar yadda ya girma ya zama ya fi girma a cikin tsofaffin siffofinsa fiye da kowane ɗayan masu hikima a California. Kuma akwai, a zahiri, wasu masu hikima na asali! Salvia melifera (baƙar fata mai hikima) da salvia officianalis (masanin lambu ko mai girke-girke) gama gari ne ko'ina cikin California har zuwa Mexico, haka ma.

Duk da yake a cikin zamani, baƙon baƙin fata yana yaɗuwa zuwa arewa kuma yana karɓar wuraren zama inda fararren mai hikima sau ɗaya ya girma, ba a amfani da shi daidai yadda yake. Sage baƙar fata yana da ƙamshi mai kama da kamshi mai kama da chapparal, kuma akan yi amfani da shi bisa al'ada a wasu shagulgula na musamman, inda ake amfani da fararen hikima don yawancin amfanin yau da kullun.

Koyaya, su biyun suna kama da juna, kodayake mai hikima baƙar fata ya fi guntu kuma ya fi launin toka fari fiye da fari lokacin da ya bushe. Haka kuma ganyen bajiman bajime kuma ya ɗanɗan kaɗan kuma ya fi ƙanƙan da hankali.

Akwai kuma wasu shuke-shuke da ake kira da hikima wadanda ba su da hikima ko kadan. Abubuwa biyu da suka fi yawa a cikin waɗannan sune Artemisia cana (sagebrush na azurfa, wanda kuma ake kira Badage sage ko South Dakota sage) da Artemisia tridentata (babban sagebrush, mai hikima na hamada, mai hikima na kan dutse, da sauran sunaye da yawa).

Artemisia cana lokaci-lokaci ana kiranta mai hikima na Sundance saboda Lakota da sauran kabilu suna amfani dashi sosai a matsayin ɓangare na bikin Sundance. Wannan tsiron yana tsirowa a yankin arewacin filayen Amurka, kuma yana da wahalar samu a wajen wannan yankin. Ganyayyakin sa sun fi na California farin hikima kuma suna da kamshi daban daban.

Ta hanyar kwatankwacin, Artemisia tridentata tana da yaɗuwa sosai, a amfani da kabilanci da kuma yankin haɓaka. Ana amfani da wannan tsire-tsire mai ɗan kaɗan daidai da salvia apiana wajan bikin, amma ana iya bayyana ƙanshinsa azaman ƙanshi mai hikima na ƙura. Ana iya samun sa a faɗin yammacin yammacin Amurka a cikin daji.

Akwai sauran nau'in Artemisia guda daya da ya kamata a lura dasu anan: farin sagebrush, Artemisia ludoviciana. Ya girma a cikin yanayi irin na Salvia apiana, kuma yayi kama da Salvia apiana kuma. Koyaya, zai iya girma cikin inuwar sabanin cikakken inuwa. Wannan ƙanshin tsire-tsiren ya fi kamshi ƙanshi mai hikima na Artemisia tridentata. 'Yan kabilar suna amfani da shi a likitance.

Shaye Shaye ko Shaye Shaye

Mikiyar tsuntsu da farin mai hikima

A al'adance ana amfani da farin masani don bukukuwa ko mahimmancin magani. Mafi shahararren waɗannan amfani shine ƙona shi don sakin hayaƙinsa mai ƙamshi. Yayinda ake amfani da kalmar “smudging” akan wannan aikin, asalin wannan lokacin ya fito ne daga tsohuwar Turai. Lokaci mafi dacewa shine tsarkakewar hayaki.

An yi amfani da hayaƙin da aka samar don tsarkakewa ko tsarkake abubuwa ta hanyar ɗora shi ta kan abin. Hakanan an yi amfani dashi iri ɗaya don tsarkakewa ko tsarkake mutane ta irin wannan yanayin. Shugabannin ruhaniya na ƙabila na iya samun magoya baya ko fuka-fukai na musamman waɗanda za su yi amfani da su don wannan dalili, dangane da takamaiman ra'ayoyin addinin.

Duk da yake abu ne mafi sauki kuma mafi mahimmanci a hada ganyaye da tushe a tare a bushe su da wannan, ana iya ƙona su daban-daban. Za a iya ƙwanƙƙƙƙƙen ganye ko yayyafa a matsayin turaren ƙanshi shima.

Ana amfani da hayaki a wasu shagulgulan gargajiya da yawa. Mutanen Ohlone suna amfani da shi azaman ɓangare na shiri don kuma yayin rawan beyar su, misali. Mawaƙan tsuntsayen Cahuilla galibi suna amfani da shi kafin su rera waƙoƙin gargajiya. Yana da wani ɓangare na yawancin addinan kabilun Californian. Amfani da irin waɗannan suna daɗaɗawa a idanun jama'a ta hanyar shaharar smudging tare da farin sage don tsarkakewarsa.

Abinci da Magani

Memba dan kabila yana girbin farin mai hikima

A al'adance, kabilun Californian suna tauna ganyen ganyen ganyaye don freshen numfashi da kuma magance ƙishirwa a ranaku masu zafi. Wannan na iya faruwa ne saboda yawan kwayar halittar eucalyptol a cikin ganyayyaki, wanda ke barin shakatawa, kusan sanyi a cikin bakin bayan taunawa.

Wancan abun na eucalyptol ya sanya shi taimako matuka a lokacin rashin lafiya don share cunkoso. Abin da aka saba yi shi ne a tafasa ganyen magarya na mintuna biyar zuwa goma a cikin ƙaramin ruwa, sannan a hura tururin daga akwatin. Wannan zai taimaka magance cunkoso da sauƙaƙe alamun sanyi.

shekara nawa kaji ke kwan kwan

An tafasa ganyen Sage da kayoyi a cikin ruwa don samar da ruwa mai ƙanshi mai ƙamshi wanda za'a yi amfani dashi azaman nau'in shamfu da wankin jiki. Wannan ba wai kawai kawar da ƙanshin jiki ba, amma yana ba da ɗan tasirin kwayar cuta wanda ke taimakawa tare da kiyaye fata daga matsalolin ƙwayoyin cuta.

Anyi amfani da ganyen a matsayin kayan yaji a girkin, amma kuma an bayarda darajar magani duka a matsayin poultice ko tincture shima. Hakanan an yi amfani da Tushen a likitance, kuma an yi imanin cewa zai taimaka wa matan da ke murmurewa daga haihuwa.

An tattara tsaba kuma aka shafa su tare da masara da sauran iri da kayan ƙamshi don samar da pinole, abu mai kama da gari wanda ya kasance cikin yawancin abinci mai mahimmanci ga mutanen ƙabila.

Ba a daɗe da amfani da tushe mai kaifin hikima, amma lokaci-lokaci ana amfani da shi wajen dafa abinci don ɗanɗano. Wasu lokuta ana amfani da ƙwayoyi matasa don yin ƙananan abubuwa kamar kwanduna yayin sabo kuma da ɗan sauƙi.

Farar Sage Kulawa

Farar sage a cikin lambun ganga

Girma mai hikima zai iya zama wayo ga lambu da yawa saboda yana cin karo da abin da duk muka saba da shi. A cikin daji, salvia apiana shukar hamada ce, wacce ta saba da dogon lokaci tsakanin shayarwa da yanayi mai tsananin zafi - duka abubuwan da zamu manta dasu lokacin da muke shuka shi!

Amma ba abu ne mai wuya a girma farin sage ba, kuma a zahiri yana da ƙimar gaske a kula da wannan tsire-tsire mai ɗorewa a farfajiyar ku. Ga jerin wasu mafi kyawun hanyoyi don girma da kiyaye tsire-tsire ku na shekaru masu zuwa.

Haske

Ga farin hikima, rana ita ce rayuwa.

Salvia apiana tana buƙatar cikakken rana. Da gaske ba ya yin kyau a cikin inuwar yanayi kwata-kwata. Auki mafi kyawun rana kuma mafi tsaran tsakar gidan ka don ka dasa farin farin ka a ciki, saboda zai gode maka.

Fari mai hikima baya son yanayin sanyi. Idan damunku ya sauka kasa da digiri 20 kwatankwacin lokaci, kuna iya fuskantar matsalolin haɓaka shi a can. Zai fi kyau a waɗancan yanayi don dasa wajan hikima kuma a ɗauke shi a cikin ɗaki zuwa yanayi mai ɗumi don hunturu, yana ba shi haske mai yawa daga haske mai haske.

Ruwa

Farin hikima bayan ruwan sama

Da zarar an kafa farin sage, yana yin kyau sosai a cikin yanayin busassun gaske. Yana sanya zurfin kututtura don zurfin neman ruwa.

A shekara ta farko bayan ka fara sabon shuka mai hikima ko dasa wani matashi a ciki, ka shayar dashi sau daya a sati. Ba kwa buƙatar fiye da 1/2 ″ zuwa 1 ″ na ruwa a sati. A hankali rage shayarwa a kan lokaci yayin da tushen tushen tsiron ya kafu.

Da zarar farin shuka mai hikima ya kasance a cikin shekara ɗaya ko biyu, da alama zai sami duk ruwan da yake buƙata da kansa. Zaku iya zaɓar shayar dashi da kaɗan yayin lokutan fari ko a yanayi mai tsananin zafi, amma da zarar an kafa shi, bai kamata ya buƙaci ruwa mai yawa ba idan ya kasance.

.Asa

Sasa mai rairayi wacce take da kyau sosai an fifita ta da farin mai hikima. Ka yi tunani game da ƙirar ƙasa ta ƙasa na wani tudu a kudancin yankin California - ƙura, ƙasa mai yashi tare da ɗumbin narkewar dutse. Wannan shine kyakkyawan 'dandano' na ƙasa don farin tsironku. Idan wannan bai bayyana kasar gona a yankinku ba, zabi don cactus mai tsirar da ƙasa.

Idan kuna da ƙasashe masu arziki, zai iya jure wa waɗannan, amma ku tabbata suna da kyau sosai kamar yadda mai hikima yake ƙin ƙasa mai laushi.

Taki

Farar sage baya buƙatar takin zamani. A zahiri, ya fi dacewa da ƙasa mai ƙarancin abinci mai gina jiki azaman tsiro mai girma.

Idan kanaso ka baiwa samari shuke-shuke fara-da hankali, sanya suturar gefe-gefe a kusa da shuke-shuke tare da suturar haske kashe takin gargajiya . Wannan yana samar da karamin adadin karin nitrogen don taimakawa wajen bunkasa tsire-tsire, amma ba zai mamaye shuke-shuke ba.

Bada tazara

Wannan tsiron zai iya girma ya kai tsayi na 6 ′ mai tsayi, kuma yana iya yaɗu a kan 3-4 ′ ko ma ya faɗi. Saboda wannan, Ina ba da shawara kada ku dasa shukokin ku kusa da ƙafa biyu, kuma idan da gaske kuna ƙoƙarin cusa su, ba kusa da 18 ″. Suna buƙatar ɗaki don duka tushen su faɗaɗa kuma don tsiro su yi girma!

Yaduwa

Furen mai hikima mai shirin furewa

Za a iya yaduwar farin mai hikima ta hanyoyi biyu: daga zuriya, ko kuma ta yanke. Karanta don gano yadda ake yin waɗannan nau'ikan yaɗuwar biyu!

yadda ake kula da Jasmin na larabawa

Farin Sage Mai Girma Daga Zuriya

Irin shuka shine hanyar da tafi kowa girma don shuka sabbin tsirrai. Koyaya, farin ƙwayayen tsaba sune sanannu game da yaɗuwa. Ba bakon abu bane samun kwayar cutar 20-30%. Saboda wannan, kuna buƙatar shuka tsaba fiye da yadda kuke tsammani daga ƙarshe ku shuka.

Lokacin dasa tsaba a cikin bazara, yana da mafi sauƙi don fara farin sage a cikin iri fara trays ko tukwane maimakon kai tsaye-seeding shi.

Yayyafa youra youranku a ƙasan ƙasar, sannan kuma ku nutsar da su da kwalbar ruwa. Kiyaye tsaba a wuri wanda yake a zangon digiri na 70-85. Bada cikakken haske daga fitowar haske idan girma a cikin gida, ko sanya su a rana kai tsaye.

Kuna so kiyaye ƙasa mai laushi mai laushi da farko don samari shuke-shuke, sa'annan ku jira har sai ƙasar ta fara bushewa kafin ta sake jike shi. Da zarar tsirranku sun fara girma, ba ruwa sama da sau ɗaya a mako, amma kawai idan ƙasa ta ji bushe.

Farin Sage Mai Girma Daga Yankan

Idan kana da tsayayyen shuke-shuken shuke shuke wanda aƙalla shekaru biyu kenan, zaka iya zaɓar ɗaukar ƙaramar saurayi ka yi ƙoƙari ka lallashe shi don ya sami tushe. Wannan shima yana da ƙarancin nasara kusan 20%. Koyaya, idan neman tsaba yana da wahala a yankinku, samun yankan daga wani mai tsire-tsire zai iya zama da sauƙi.

Mixirƙira musamman ta 1/3 perlite, 1/3 yashi mai matsakaiciyar ciki, da kuma noman farko 1/3. Aƙaɗa moisten mahaɗin kuma sanya shi a cikin tukwane. Bayan haka, ɗauki -6an 4-6 from daga saman tsire-tsire mai hikima. Tabbatar zaban yankan tare da sabbin ganyayyaki da ke sama, kuma yanke su sama da kumburin ganye.

Tsoma ƙarshen abin da ya yanke a cikin ruwa, sannan a sa shi hoda kamar Bontone Rooting Foda . A hankali a hankali a sare abin yankan gefen gefen akwatin don kwankwasa duk wani abin da ya wuce haddi, sannan sanya shi a cikin tukunyar da kuka shirya. Yi ƙoƙari ka sami mafi ƙarancin saitin node ganye kimanin 1/2 surface a ƙarƙashin fuskar ƙasa, kuma latsa ƙasa a riƙe itace a wuri.

Har sai yankan ka ya yi jijiya, zai fi kyau ka ajiye shi a wani wuri mai inuwar ɓangare a saman a tabarmar zafi wannan an saita tsakanin digiri 70-85. Dumi zai taimaka wajen bunkasa ci gaban tushe. Ruwa kawai lokacin da ƙasa ta ji bushe ƙasa da farfajiyar kusa da yankan, kuma ruwa da ɗan kaɗan don taɓar da yanayin ƙasar.

Bayan makonni 4-6, a hankali ka ja a kan babin ka gani ko akwai juriya. Idan kuwa akwai, to ya kafa tushe. Cire tsirrai shuke shuke daga tabarmar dumama, tunda ba a bukatar dumi. Kiyaye tsire-tsire a cikin inuwa na ɗan wasu 'yan makonni, sa'annan a hankali dasa su a cikin tukunyar ruwa mai kyau, ƙasar lambu mai yashi ko cactus blend.

A wannan lokacin, lokaci yayi da za ku sa tsire-tsire ku saba da hasken rana. Sannu a hankali yana ƙaruwa sama da makonni 2-3, ba wa shuwagabanninku masu hikima karin hasken rana har sai sun fita a kowane lokaci. Da zarar sun taurare, kiyaye su har sai faduwa kuma dasa su to.

Dasawa da sake gyarawa

Dasa farin sage

Dasa farin shuke shuke shine mafi alfanu a lokacin bazara, saboda faduwar ta farkon watannin bazara shine watannin da farin farin hikima ke neman faruwa. Shuke-shuken yana yin barci lokacin bushewar lokacin bazara na shekara, saboda haka dasa shi a lokacin bazara yana bashi dama mafi kyau don kafa tushen karfi kafin zafi yazo.

Yakamata tsire-tsirenku na hikima ya kasance yana da aƙalla saitin ganye na 2-4 na gaskiya, amma a zahiri na fi son fara shuka a cikin bazara don shuke-shuke da nake shirin dasawa a lokacin bazara, saboda yana ba su ƙarin lokacin ci gaba.

Don dasawa, kawai shirya gado tare da yashi, ingantaccen ruwa mai matsakaici ko cactus potting blend. Sanya farin tsironka na hikima a cikin kasa daidai zurfin da yake a tukunyar. Tabbatar a buɗe buɗe tushen tushen a hankali idan sun sami tushe, don su iya miƙewa cikin ƙasa.

Asa ruwan dumi da sabon dashen ku a ciki, kuma ku ba shi ɗan ruwa kaɗan da farko, amma ba fiye da 1/2 ″ zuwa 1 ″ a mako ba. Kar a sha ruwa idan ruwan sama ya zo, saboda zai samu yalwa daga ruwan sama.

Idan kana kawai dasa farin sage a cikin babbar tukunya, aikin yana da mahimmanci iri ɗaya ne da dasawa. Yi ƙoƙari kada ku sanya tsire-tsire masu yawa kusa da juna fiye da 18 ″ don su sami sarari da yawa don girma. Ka tuna, farin hikima zai iya zama babbar shuka lokacin da yake cikin ƙasa, amma an taƙaita shi kaɗan lokacin da yake cikin tukunya. Kusan ba za ku taɓa cimma matsakaicin girman a cikin tukunya ba.

Hanyoyin Girman Gargajiya

Mutanen da suke kabilanci za su girbe tsabar farin sage ta hanyar yanke busassun ɓoyayyun ɓoyo da saka su cikin kwandon tukwane, sannan su rufe ko rufe saman. Daga nan za su girgiza tukunyar don 'yayan su fasa kwandonsu. Da zarar an gama wannan, za su iya zubo iri da cakuda a kan wani ƙyalle ko fata, su cire manyan ƙwanƙolin kwafsoshin, kuma ɗauka da ƙaiƙayi.

Duk wani iri da za'a sake shukawa za'a fitar dashi zuwa inda mutane suke girbin mai hikima. Bayan miƙa godiya ga shuke-shuke don alherinsu, ƙaramin tsaba na tsaba za a dunƙule tsakanin hannayen shukar kuma a shafa tare. Wannan ya rage yanayin zuriyar ya basu damar shan ruwa yayin ruwan sama mai zuwa.

Daga nan za'a watsa iri a ko'ina cikin yankin kuma a barshi ya toho. Duk da yake mai yiyuwa ne namun daji su dauke iri, isasshen tsaba zai tsiro don kiyaye tsire-tsire a yankin.

Shuka

Yawancin lambu suna shuka farin sage ne da kansa, amma takan haɗa su da kyau tare da shuke-shuke masu zuwa:

  • California Buckwheat
  • Black Sage (kawai a kula kar ya karɓa!)
  • Hollyleaf Cherry
  • Bush Sugar
  • Lemonade Berry
  • Sagebrush na California (a raba su don kada ku ruɗe su)

Girbi da Adana Farin Sage

Farar shukar tsire-tsire

Akwai 'yan dabaru don kiyaye wannan tsire-tsire a kusa, duka a cikin ajiya da kuma cikin duniyar da ke kewaye da mu. Karanta don koyon yaushe da yadda yakamata ka girbi mahimmin ka, yadda zaka bushe ka adana shi da kyau, da kuma yadda zaka tabbatar bamu rasa shi ba har abada.

Mai gwajin ph dijital don ƙasa da ruwa

Yaushe Zasu Girbi Farin Sage

Ba za a girbi tsire-tsire ba har sai sun kasance aƙalla 'yan shekaru. Wannan ya tabbatar da cewa shukar zata iya sarrafa kayan kwalliya ba tare da munanan halayen ba.

A al'ada, ana yin girbi a lokuta daban-daban na shekara dangane da abin da za a yi amfani da shukar.

Idan ana nufin shuka ne da nufin tsarkake hayaki, za a girbe shi bayan wani lokaci na yanayin bushewa. Wannan ya ba wa shuka damar yin amfani da yawancin ruwanta da ke cikin ganyen, yana mai da mai a cikin ganyayyakin ya yi ƙarfi. Ainihin haka, har yanzu ganyayyaki na iya zama kwalliya kuma akwai ƙuruciya a cikin samari, amma suna da ƙamshi mai ɗaci idan ana shafawa.

Don dalilai na magani ko abinci, za'a iya girbe farin sage a kowane lokaci na shekara, amma dandano ko kayan aikin magani zai bambanta. Hakanan, wannan yana da nasaba ne da yawan ruwan da tsiron zai iya ajiyewa a cikin ganyensa. Yanayin ƙazamar yanayi ya sanya ciyawar daɗaɗɗen abinci ko haifar da magunguna masu ƙarfi, inda yanayi mai danshi ya saɓo waɗannan kuma zai buƙaci adadi mai yawa da za a girba.

Yadda Ake Girbar Farin Sage

Yana da mahimmanci a yanke farin sage mai tsafta tare da wasu masu gogewar wucewa ko snips. Yi ƙoƙarin kauce wa murƙushe ƙwayoyin, domin hakan na iya haifar da cuta.

Kada a taɓa ɗaukar fiye da kashi ɗaya bisa uku na kowane tsire-tsire a wani lokaci, saboda hakan na iya sa shuka ta shiga cikin damuwa. Yanke kawai daga ƙaramin, tukwici na shuke-shuke, barin tsofaffi da mai abinci mai tushe. Yanke kawai a saman kumburin ganye, saboda hakan zai sa reshen da ke ƙasa ya aika da sabon ci gaban reshe daga ƙwayoyin kuma ya fita daji sosai.

Tabbatar da cewa lokacin da kuke girbin masaniyar ku, kun zaɓi ranar da ba a ruwa ba, kuma kuna girbin ne da rana tsaka ko kuma da yamma lokacin da raɓa duk safiya ta riga ta ƙafe. Wannan yana tabbatar da cewa ganyenku zasu bushe a lokacin girbi, rage yuwuwar cutar dusar ƙanƙara akan su daga baya.

Don girbin farar tsaba mai hikima, jira har sai shuke-shuke sun yi fure kuma furannin sun fara bushewa. Bagsauki jakunkunan takarda ka sanya su a hankali a kan sandar filawar, ta amfani da zaren roba don tabbatar da su a wurin. Sannan a basu damar cigaba da bushewa. Lokaci-lokaci girgiza jaka don ganin ko ka ji motsin ciki. Da zarar kayi haka, petals suna fadowa, kuma zaka iya yanke ƙwanƙarin da ke ƙasan jakar ka cire shi. Shake jaka don yantar da tsaba daga kwandon kwanon su.

Adanawa

Da zarar kun girbe mahimmin ku, yana da mahimmanci ku bushe shi da sauri. Akwai hanyoyi biyu don yin wannan: ko dai sako-sako, ko cikin daure.

Za'a iya busar da sako-sakoyen ganyen sage ta hanyar kwanciya akan allon raga a yankin da ke da ƙarancin zafi da ƙarancin haske. Ya kamata a sami sauƙin murƙushe ganye tsakanin yatsan hannu idan ya bushe. Ajiye sage mai ganye a cikin kwandon ajiyar iska. Zaka iya saka fakiti mai kama danshi idan kanaso ya bushe.

Don ƙirƙirar kayan sage, tabbatar cewa girbin ganyen ku duk sun bushe ga taɓawa. Auki guntun sage na hikima kuma ku haɗa su wuri ɗaya, ku ɗaura ɗan zaren auduga a ƙasan ƙarshen ku tattara su wuri ɗaya. Bayan haka, riƙe ƙarshen ƙarshen da hannu ɗaya, kuma a hankali tattara ganye sama da ƙafafun tare da ƙarshen ganye yana nunawa zuwa saman dam ɗin.

Kunsa zarenku a kusa da dunbin ɗinbin ɗin sau da yawa daga tushe zuwa tip don tabbatar da ganyayyakin a wurin, kammalawa ta hanyar ɗaure kirtani a ƙarshen ƙarshen. Bar yalwa da ƙarin kirtani don ƙirƙirar madauki, sa'annan ka rataya damatsen ka na hikima a busasshe, wuri mai duhu don ya bushe gaba ɗaya. Yana da taimako idan za ku iya samun fanka mai hurawa a hankali a kansu don rage danshi a cikin kayan cikin sauri.

Sanya busassun duniyan nan na sage a cikin akwati don ajiya. Kwali da gaske yana da kyau kwarai da gaske don wannan dalili, saboda yana iya shayar da duk wani danshi da ke tattare da tarin.

Noteaya daga cikin bayanin kula: don Allah kar a yi amfani da zafi don saurin aiwatar da bushewar sage, saboda wannan zai ba shi ƙanshin da ba na yau da kullun ba. Masu shayarwa, murhu, duk waɗannan hanyoyin basu da kyau ga wannan shuka. Bushewar iska shine mafi kyau.

Bayani Game da Girbin Farar Sage

Shuke farin shuke shuke

Tunda farin mai hikima ya zama sananne sosai ga dalilai na smudging, an sami karuwar mutanen da ke ɗibar sa a daji. Wannan ba koyaushe mutane ke tara shi don amfanin kanku ba. Sau da yawa, ana tattara shi don dalilai na sake siyarwa, kuma babu wani yunƙuri na sake dawo da tsire-tsire ko ƙarfafa ci gaba da haɓaka.

A sakamakon haka, salvia apiana tana saurin zama wani nau'in dake cikin hatsari a muhallin ta. Saboda wannan, ban ba da shawarar girbe farin mai hikima idan za ku iya guje wa yin hakan. Tunda a dabi'ance yana bunƙasa a wuraren da shima ya shahara sosai, wannan ya rage tsayayyun fararen sage har ya zama yana da wahala a samu a wuraren da ba a kiyaye su.

Idan ka samu kanka kana bukatar girbin mai farin daji, ka dan dauki lokaci ka yada tsaba a kusa da inda ka girba, kuma watakila ka dauki fanfo-mai feshi cike da ruwa ka kuma ji haushi a yankin don karfafa tsiro. Yi ƙoƙari don ƙarfafa sabon tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire a inda kuka girbe don shuka za ta ci gaba da bunƙasa a can bayan da kuka tafi.

Amma da gaske ina ba da shawarar zabi don ɗaukar fewan yankakku ko poda andan seeda seedan itace kuma ku girma da kanku. Da zarar an kafa tsire-tsire, zaku sami tushen asalin hikima a wurinku!

Wannan bidiyon yana ba da haske daga al'adun gargajiyar gargajiyar California don me yasa taron daji na iya zama albarka da la'ana. Abun ɗan ban sha'awa ne game da al'adun 'yan ƙasar na yanzu da yadda suke ƙoƙarin kiyaye waɗannan shuke-shuke.

ganyen luster 1605 mafi saurin kayan gwajin ƙasa

Matsaloli

Duk da yake na shawo kan matsalolin da suka fi kowa riga a cikin sassan da ke sama, har yanzu akwai sauran wasu abubuwan da ya kamata ku sani. Bari mu wuce wadanda yanzu.

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Tunda fari mai hikima ɗan asalin kudancin California ne, yana da wahalar shuka shi a yankunan da yanayin ke yin sanyi. Duk inda akwai yanayin zafin rana na yau da kullun da ke ƙasa da daskarewa, zaku iya samun tsironku yana wahala.

Ya kamata a fara binciko ƙananan shuke-shuke masu hikima kuma a tura su cikin tukunya a lokacin waɗannan watanni masu sanyi. Tabbatar kiyaye shi a wuri mai dumi tare da hasken haske don samar masa da duk hasken da yake buƙata.

Tsoffin, ingantattun shuke-shuke, musamman ma manya, sun fi wahalar motsi. Da zarar tsironka na hikima ya wuce shekaru 3, akwai yiwuwar baza ka so kayi kokarin dasa shi ba kuma saboda haka karka sanya damuwa ga dasawa. A wannan gaba, yana da kyau a tara rairayi a cikin wani wuri mai kauri a kan gindin bishiyoyin shukar. Duk da yake kuna iya shan wahala saboda lalacewar tushe, kiyaye dumi tushe yakamata ya bawa shukar ta sake dawowa daga baya.

Kwari

Aphids za su bunƙasa a kan tsire-tsire masu hikima. Bayan duk wannan, fararren mai hikima yana adana ƙarin ruwansa a cikin ganyen jiki, na ganye masu laushi, kuma wannan ya sanya shi zama cin abinci ga masu ɗauke da fata! Zaka iya amfani dauki mai don tunkude waɗannan kwari da kiyaye su a bakin ruwa. Koyaya, idan kuna shirin girbi don dalilan ƙonawa, guji amfani da man neem na kwana bakwai zuwa goma kafin girbi.

Fari wasu kwaro ne waɗanda zasu iya yin ɓarna ga farin masanin naku. Wadannan kuma suna son tsotse ruwan tsire daga ganyen sage, amma alhamdu lillahi, iri daya ne dauki mai kana amfani da shi don hana aphids zai kuma hana waɗannan kwari, duka a cikin greenhouse ko a waje.

Da ja da baki lebur mite (Brevipalpus phoenecis) wani kwaro ne mai tsotse jini wanda zai iya kamuwa da hikimarka, kamar yadda omnivorous lebur mite (Brevipalpus californicus). Duk waɗannan ana ɗaukarsu “ƙarancin gizo-gizo na ƙarya”, kuma suna iya haifar da ƙwanƙayi ko jajayen ganyayyaki, raunin ganye na ganye, da sauran lamura. Abin godiya, dauki mai shima yana da tasiri akan waɗannan, suma!

Kuma, ba shakka, akwai koyaushe mite gizo-gizo kanta. Duk da yake waɗannan ba su da yawa a kan fararrun masu hikima kamar yadda suke a kan sauran masu hikima, amma har yanzu za su iya zama, musamman ma a lokacin bushewar watanni na shekara. Wani lokaci: amfani da dauki mai !

Gaskiya, man neem babban kariya ne ga kusan duk wata matsalar kwari da salvia apiana zata iya tasowa. Idan kuna da mawuyacin yanayi daga ɗayan waɗannan kwari, zaku iya amfani da sabulun kwari mai kwalliyar kwalliya tare da man neem wanda aka haɗu a ciki kuma a rufe dukkan sassan shuka. Wannan ya kamata ya kawar da kwarinku don kyau, kuma aikace-aikacen yau da kullun na man neem zai kiyaye su.

Cututtuka

Cutar da tafi yaduwa akan farin hankali shine faten fure . Tunda mai hikima yana son yanayi mai zafi, duk wani danshi da ke tare da wannan zafin zai iya haifar da barkewa, kamar yadda danshi wanda ya rage akan ganyen. Abin godiya, daidai dauki mai wanda zai kare tsirranku akan kwari shine kariya mai kyau ga furen fure shima.

Tsatsa wata cuta ce wacce za ta iya yin tasiri ga mahimminka. Puccinia da Uromyces suna da haɗari musamman. Wadannan suna farawa kamar rawaya ko fari a saman ganyenku, amma gefen ganye na iya haifar da tsattsar orangish a cikin wuraren guda. Cire duk wani abu da abin ya shafa da zarar kun lura da shi, kuma ku guji shayar da ganyen shukar. Tabbatar yana da iska mai yawa don bawa ganye damar bushewa.

Tushen ruba wata matsala ce wacce farin mai hikima ke iya kamuwa da ita. Wannan yawanci ana haifar dashi ne ta hanyar ɗayan adadin fungal wakillai masu aiki a cikin ƙasa mai yawan ruwa. Don hana al'amuran ruɓewa, kawai kar a cika ruwa. Masaninku zai gode muku ta hanyoyi da yawa!

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Farar sage shuka

Tambaya: Me yasa fararen ganyayen nana da suke jajaye?

A: Farin ganyen sage da kauri sun zama ja, purple, ko mauve sakamakon tsananin damuwa. Wannan a zahiri ba matsala ba ce ga shukar, domin za ta ci gaba da rayuwa koda kuwa ƙananan ganyaye da tushe sun fara yin ja. Zai iya zama kyakkyawa sosai!

Idan kun fara ganin jajayen ganyayyaki, zaku iya ba tsiron taimako kaɗan tare da dusar ƙanƙan da ruwa a gindin sage. Wannan ya kamata ya dawo daidai.

Tambaya: Masana nawa zan iya sauka daga shuka daya?

A: Wannan tambaya ce mai yaudara da za a amsa, saboda ya dogara da girman shukar ku da kuma tsawon lokacin da kuka yi ta yankan ta don ƙarfafa ƙarin reshe. Tsohon, shuke-shuken shuke-shuke na iya samar da hikima da yawa, amma ƙananan shuke-shuke na iya haifar da ƙimar ma'aurata kawai.

Bai kamata a datsa tsire-tsire a ƙarƙashin shekara ɗaya ba, kuma a zahiri, shekara ta biyu, ya kamata ku yi hankali kada ku ɗauki da yawa.

Tambaya: A ina zan sami 'ya'yan farin sage?

A: Akwai wurare da yawa a kan layi don yin odar tsaba mai tsire-tsire, kuma a zahiri za ku iya samun tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire a cibiyoyin lambu na gida idan kuna cikin Kalifoniya. Duk da yake babu wani irin fararrun kwayayen shuka da zai yi baƙuwar ƙwayar ƙwaya, Na sami 'ya'yan salvia apiana daga Yammacin Kogin Yamma don zama abin dogaro, kamar yadda tsaba daga Aminci Gona Noman Gona . Duk waɗannan kasuwancin suna tushen su ne a cikin California, kuma suna da damar zuwa tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire.


Shin kun riga kun girma farin Sage? Shin kuna tunanin ƙara shi a gonar ku? Bari in sani a cikin bayanan da ke ƙasa!

Raba wannan tare da kowane aboki na lambu da ka sani wanda zai sami mahimmanci!