Yankuna ta Yanki: Abin da Za a shuka a watan Agusta

Kewayawa da sauri

Agusta galibi ana danganta shi da ƙarshen bazara da lokacin girbi mai zuwa. Amma muna da tabbaci cewa watan Agusta shine ainihin watan da yakamata a zagaye na dasa na ƙarshe kafin farkon sanyi ya fara kuma yanayin sanyi ya zo da kyau.



A ƙasa, mun kula da abubuwan girke-girke na watan Agusta na kowane yanki na USDA's Plant Hardiness zones. (Idan baku tabbatar da yankin da kuke zaune ba, buga cikin lambar zip dinku anan.) Mun tsallake Yankuna 1, 2, da 11-13, saboda yawancin mazaunan Amurka suna zaune a Yankuna 3 zuwa 10.

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Shiyya ta 3

August Alayyafo
August Alayyafo.

Masu lambu a Yankin 3 (wanda ya rufe tsakiyar iyakar da Kanada) ya kamata su dasa alayya na ƙarshe na alayyafo (Spinacia oleracea) kafin lokacin sanyi ya shiga da kyau. Kodayake koren ganyayyaki masu ɗanɗano na iya zama kamar mai laushi, alayyafo tsire-tsire ne mai ban mamaki a cikin yanayi mai sanyi (zai iya rayuwa yanayin zafi zuwa ƙasa da 20ºF idan an kafa shi da kyau) kuma ganyen yana ɗauke naushi idan ya zo ga abubuwan gina jiki.

Shuka alayyafo a ƙalla ƙafa ɗaya a tsakani, don haka akwai sararin da zai cika shi. Shuka tana da wadataccen ƙasa mai kyau. Alayyafo na alayyahu ba za su tsiro ba idan ƙasa ta bushe sosai, don haka ka tabbata – musamman a farkon - cewa ƙasan ka ta zauna a danshi. Wuri tare da inuwa mai haske shine mafi kyau ga alayyafo; nufin sa'o'i uku zuwa hudu na rana a rana. Idan ganyenku suna juya rawaya, yana iya zama rashin nitrogen a cikin ƙasa, don haka gwada ƙarawa yayyafin filawar kofi a kusa da tushe na shuka.

shin ya dace a sanya baƙar fata zuwa bikin aure

Yanki 4

Salatin Masarar Agusta
Salatin Masarar Agusta.



Kasancewa ta cikin arewacin Rockies da kuma can arewa maso gabas (tunani: yanayi a Minneapolis), Yankin 4 yakamata ya girka mâche (Valerianella locusta), wani nau'in latas mai ƙarfi wanda aka fara girka shi a karni na 17th Faransa. Shuka kamar yadda yanayin watan Agusta ya fara sanyi (babban 60s yana da kyau) kuma kada ku damu da lokacin saurin tsire-tsire (yawanci kwanaki 10-14), kamar yadda mashi ya fi son kewayon zafin jiki kusan 40º zuwa 70º F.

Shuka iri 1 ”a cikin ƙasa mai danshi da ciyawa sosai don kariya daga zafin rana da ciyawa. Pauki wuri tare da rana da safe da inuwa da rana (guji kowane irin yanayi mai tsananin zafi tare da damuwa). Katantanwa da slugs sune babban ƙalubale ga ciwan mara; Bawon citrus wanda aka ɓullo dashi yana ba da ɗan sauƙi ta hanyar kawar da katantanwa da sulɓi. (Ka tabbata kawai sanya ran indan dabaru dabaru kusa da inda kake haɓaka maƙerin.)

Yanki 5

Agusta Beets
Agusta Beets.

Ga waɗanda ke yankin 5 (wanda ke wakiltar sassan sanyi na arewa maso gabas kamar Albany, kuma ya faɗi a cikin band daga Chicago zuwa Denver), beets (Beta vulgaris) su ne kyawawan kayan lambu don shuka a watan Agusta. Kodayake sun kasance asalinsu ne ga Mediterraneanasar Bahar Rum, amma an daɗe da sanin beets a matsayin kayan lambu mai sanyi-yanayi (bayan haka, mahimmin sinadarin borscht).



Shuka tsaba a cikin ruwa mai kyau tare da 3 'zuwa 5' na sarari tsakanin, a wuri mai cike da rana. Yayin da suke girma, beets suna buƙatar yalwar phosphorus; wataƙila kuna buƙatar saka hannun jari a cikin dutsen phosphate idan ƙasarku ta yi laushi. Ku zo bazara, idan matsalar ta ci gaba, gwada dasa alfalfa mai gyaran phosphorus. Naman gwari sau da yawa shine babban koma baya ga beets don haka (don sake jaddadawa!) Tabbatar cewa ƙasar ku ta kasance da kyau kuma ba sanyi da damshi.

Shiyya ta 6

August Broccoli
August Broccoli.

Ga 'yan lambu da ke Yankin 6 (wanda ke ƙetare yankuna da dama daga Philadelphia har zuwa sassan Yammacin Turai), broccoli (Brassica oleracea) yana ba da koren canji zuwa faɗuwa. Broccoli shine yanayin yanayin sanyi mai sanyi- amma yana da sanyi sosai kuma broccoli ba zai ci gaba yadda yakamata ba, wanda shine dalilin da yasa watan Agusta (tare da zafi ya fara raguwa) shine lokaci mafi dacewa don farawa. (Kuna iya gwada dasa Romanesco!)

Shuka broccoli 16 ”banda ƙasa mai wadata inda shuke-shuke zasu sami cikakken rana. Ruwa sosai don haka tsire-tsire koyaushe suna da danshi. Hakanan zaka iya yin ciyawa don taimakawa sanyaya ƙasa da riƙe danshi (ƙari, ba shakka, ciyawa tana da faɗakarwa kan ciyawa). Aphids sune mafi yawan barazanar broccoli, amma maganin man neem (hada tsp 1 da sabp ½ tsp da ruwa lita 1) na iya zama tasiri mai tasiri.

Yankuna 7

Agusta karas
Agusta karas.



Yanki na 7– wanda yake nufin kwarin Ohio da yankunan yamma na yamma- har yanzu yana da zafi sosai a watan Agusta amma zaka iya matse tsire-tsire da sauri (Daucus carota subspecies sativus) a waje don girbi a lokacin bazara. Kamar yadda yake tare da sauran albarkatu na tushen, yakamata karas ya kasance cikin sassauƙa, ƙasan pH ƙasa tare da ɗaki mai yawa don yayi ƙasa. Tabbatar cewa karas ɗinku na samun aƙalla ruwa 1 na ruwa a mako - ko dai daga ruwan sama ko ta hannu - kuma ruwan ya cika ƙasa sosai. Karya tushen kwari (kwaro mafi yawan karas) ya kan sa kwayayensu a watan Agusta (idan za ku iya jinkirta shuka a watan Satumba wannan yana taimaka). Don kiyaye su daga isa gare ku amfanin gona, yi amfani da takaddun gashi don rufe karas da ƙasa mai kewaye. ( Kuma ka tuna: zaka iya cin ganyen karas! )

Yankuna 8

Agusta squash
Agusta squash.

Ya mamaye manyan bangarorin Kudu da yankunan bakin teku a cikin Pacific North West, Yankin 8 ya kamata ya shirya dasa ruwan baƙuwar rani rawaya (Cucurbita pepo) a lokacin ɗan gajeren taga na dama a watan Agusta. Musamman ma muna son naman rani mai rawaya saboda yakan haifar da da yawa idan aka kwatanta da sauran nau'ikan squash na bazara. Soasa don rawaya lokacin bazara ya kamata a tsabtace shi sosai kuma ya kamata a raba shuki 4 ”zuwa 6” a baya.

Gano tsire-tsire a cikin wani ɓangare na lambun tare da cikakken rana, amma gwada ƙoƙarin jiran rana mai girgije don dasa shuki, saboda tsananin rana mai wuya na iya haifar da su. Tabbatar cewa lokacin bazarar ku yana samun aƙalla inci na ruwa, sau ɗaya a mako, kuma wannan ruwan yana zurfafawa zuwa ƙasa. Don kaucewa kowane irin cututtukan itacen inabi na yau da kullun ana fama da su, bincika a gandun daji na gida don ƙwayoyin da ke jurewa ko neman tsaba masu tsayayyar kan layi.

na yi nadamar rabuwa da shi

Shiyya ta 9

Agusta Cherry Tumatir
Agusta Cherry Tumatir.

A watan Agusta, Yankin 9 (California da Kudu) na iya fara faduwar tumatir tumatir (Solanum lycopersicum var. Cerasiforme) a cikin gida kuma ya tura su waje yayin da watan ke ci gaba da ɗan sanyi kadan. Windowan gajeren taga ne na tumatir ceri, waɗanda galibi ana tunanin kamar ana shuka su ne a lokacin bazara da kuma girbewa a lokacin bazara, amma suna da kyau a cikin Yankin 9 na dumi-dumi na ƙarshen bazara da farkon faɗuwa. (Muna son Super Sweet 100 tumatir ceri.)

Lokacin shirya ƙasa, tabbatar cewa tana da wadata kuma ta malale sosai, da kuma spacea spacean sarari ko seedlingsan tsako a ƙafa ɗaya. Tumatir tumatir aƙalla awanni shida na rana, don haka tabbatar da sanya su a wurin da ke karɓar cikakken rana. Tunda shuke-shuke suna cikin cikakkiyar rana, kuma ku tabbatar sun sha ruwa kowane daysan kwanaki don tabbatar da ƙasar ta kasance mai danshi. Squirrels da sauran ƙananan halittun lambun (har ma da tsuntsaye) galibi suna cin abincin tumatir, don haka gwada tsirrai da tsire-tsire don kiyaye su.

Yankin 10

Agusta Tafarnuwa
Agusta Tafarnuwa.

A cikin Yankin 10 (sassa mafi zafi na Kudancin California da ƙarshen Florida) a wannan lokacin na shekara, galibi lokaci ne na girbi. Koyaya, masu kula da lambu na Zone 10 na iya fara dasa tafarnuwa (Allium sativum), kuma zasu iya ci gaba da dasa tafarnuwa a cikin watannin hunturu. Tafarnuwa tsiro ce mai jurewa kuma ana iya dasa ta a cikin nau'ikan ƙasa daban-daban, amma ya fi nasara cikin wadataccen ƙasa mai kyau. Bada tafarnuwa wurin zama mai fadi yayin shuka a gonar ka; ya kamata ku shirya barin 6 ”to 8” tsakanin dusar ƙanƙara kuma ku bar daki ƙasa (kamar ƙafa).

Ya kamata a sanya Cloves ƙasa da ƙasa da ƙafa ɗaya ƙasa da ƙasan ƙasa, a cikakkiyar rana, kuma ya kamata ƙasa ta kasance da danshi (shirya ruwa kowane everyan kwanaki, kaɗan fiye da sau ɗaya a mako). Tunda tafarnuwa abun birgewa ne na halitta, zai iya kulawa sosai. Maganar da ta fi dacewa da tafarnuwa ita ce farin ruɓa, naman gwari da ke rayuwa a cikin ƙasa. Duk da yake babu wani abu da yawa da za a iya yi wa shuke-shuke da farin launi ya ruɓe, shuke-shuke masu juyawa ta cikin lambun ka na iya taimakawa rage faruwar ta.